It is currently 24 Nov 2017, 06:26

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 30 Apr 2009
Posts: 133

Kudos [?]: 125 [0], given: 9

Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 May 2009, 18:55
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

81% (00:51) correct 19% (01:03) wrong based on 85 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Analysts blamed May’s sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.

(A) colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed
(B) which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing
(C) since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions, which slowed
(D) being colder and wetter than usually in some regions, slowing
(E) having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Trying to make CR and RC my strong points

Kudos [?]: 125 [0], given: 9

SVP
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1790

Kudos [?]: 1091 [0], given: 5

Location: New York
Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 May 2009, 19:11
kt00381n wrote:
Analysts blamed May’s sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.
(A) colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed
(B) which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing
(C) since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions, which slowed
(D) being colder and wetter than usually in some regions, slowing
(E) having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed

A and C out
which incorrectly refers to "regions" .. it means regions slowed the sales .

Its between B and D.

slowing modifies "unexcited merchandise and weather"

B looks good.
_________________

Smiling wins more friends than frowning

Kudos [?]: 1091 [0], given: 5

SVP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1534

Kudos [?]: 280 [0], given: 0

Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 May 2009, 11:53
I will go with A.

"slowing" begins adverbial clause and distorts the meaning. It was the weather, which slowed the sales. the clause between "weather" and "which" in the original sentence is a modifier to "weather".

Kudos [?]: 280 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 25 Oct 2006
Posts: 634

Kudos [?]: 648 [0], given: 6

Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 May 2009, 12:30
(A) colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed
(B) which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing
(C) since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions, which slowed
(D) being colder and wetter than usually in some regions, slowing
(E) having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed

Only B is clear. both "which" are wrong in A and C.
_________________

If You're Not Living On The Edge, You're Taking Up Too Much Space

Kudos [?]: 648 [0], given: 6

Director
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 727

Kudos [?]: 868 [0], given: 99

Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 May 2009, 13:02
kt00381n wrote:
Analysts blamed May’s sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.
(A) colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed
(B) which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing
(C) since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions, which slowed
(D) being colder and wetter than usually in some regions, slowing
(E) having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed

which is referring to regions -- wrong-- A, C are out.

D out for being ( easy one)
E -- awkward ...

B wins.

Kudos [?]: 868 [0], given: 99

Manager
Joined: 11 Mar 2007
Posts: 82

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 0

Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 May 2009, 18:35
My pick is B.
which - this clearly refers to the weather and
slowing - this is acting like a Noun

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 30 Mar 2009
Posts: 248

Kudos [?]: 205 [0], given: 1

Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 May 2009, 08:56
IMO B

Analysts blamed May’s sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.
(A) colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed --> colder and wetter here will incorrectly modify for retail sales rather than weather. which after the commas also wrongly modifies for regions, meaning that regions slowed the sales
(B) which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing -->which best modifies for weather. Slowing ... also correctly modifies for unexciting merchandise
(C) since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions, which slowed --> itdoes not clearly modify for any Noun. Besides, same error as A
(D) being colder and wetter than usually in some regions, slowing -->being is mostly wrong, usually is also wrong used
(E) having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed -->complicated structure, distorted original meaning

Kudos [?]: 205 [0], given: 1

Senior Manager
Joined: 18 Sep 2009
Posts: 352

Kudos [?]: 601 [0], given: 2

Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2012, 12:42
Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions，which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.

(A) colder and wetter than was usual in some regions，which slowed
(B) which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions，slowing
(C) since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions，which slowed
(D) being colder and wetter than usually in some regions，slowing
(E) having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed

Kudos [?]: 601 [0], given: 2

Manager
Status: SLOGGING : My son says,This time Papa u will have to make it : Innocence is BLISS
Joined: 16 Jan 2012
Posts: 206

Kudos [?]: 80 [0], given: 30

Location: India
WE: Sales (Energy and Utilities)
Re: Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2012, 14:37
yes, the +ing modifier (Slowing) modifies the preceeding clause..... : Which (weather) was colder and wetter.....

How was the weather? : It was cold n wet

How cold n wet ? : It was very cold n wet........ Colder n Wetter than usual

What was the effect ? : Slowing down of Sales of X n Y

The weather was SO cold & SO wet...... It slowed down the sales of X n Y

Thus in B : Slowing aptly modifies the preceeding clause.

Kudos [?]: 80 [0], given: 30

VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1393

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 916

Re: Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Jan 2013, 22:24
great question
1)Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions，which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.
(A) colder and wetter than was usual in some regions，which slowed
(B) which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions，slowing
(C) since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions，which slowed
(D) being colder and wetter than usually in some regions，slowing
(E) having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed

comma+doing modify the previous clause and associate with the subject of that clause

being and having been in D and E modify "analysist blame" . Wrong

"which" in A and C must modify "region". Wong. though "which" can modify SLIGHTLY far noun, "which" can not modify far noun-"which" can not jump far over "colder and ... regions" to modify "weather"

B is left.
IN b, "slowing" modify the previous clause " which is colder and ...regions" . correct.

pls, comment/supplement.
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 916

Intern
Joined: 14 Jan 2013
Posts: 23

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 43

Location: India
Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 May 2013, 05:16
kt00381n wrote:
Analysts blamed May’s sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.
(A) colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed
(B) which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing
(C) since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions, which slowed
(D) being colder and wetter than usually in some regions, slowing
(E) having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed

Hi,

I know the correct answer is B, but my understanding is that "slowing..." as a participial phrase modifies the entire main clause - "Analysts blamed...". Meaning analysts blame is the reason for slowing of sales. Or, is the participial phrase selectively modifying a part of the main clause? If so, could you please help me in a systemic way of identifying the noun modified by the participial phrase.

Thanks.

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 43

VP
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1120

Kudos [?]: 2382 [1], given: 219

Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 May 2013, 05:28
1
KUDOS
kiranck007 wrote:
Hi,

I know the correct answer is B, but my understanding is that "slowing..." as a participial phrase modifies the entire main clause - "Analysts blamed...". Meaning analysts blame is the reason for slowing of sales. Or, is the participial phrase selectively modifying a part of the main clause? If so, could you please help me in a systemic way of identifying the noun modified by the participial phrase.

Thanks.

"which (the weather) was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing"

"slowing" refers to the weather, not to the analysts. How could analysts slow sales of barbecue grills?

Generally speaking the ING form can be found in two ways:
1)COMMA + -ING, in this case it modifies the preceding clause (it is used to show the results of an action as in this case most of the times)
2)"ONLY" -ING, in this case modifies the preceding noun or noun phrase.

Both ing forms refers to the preceding clause/name. Hope it's clear
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

Kudos [?]: 2382 [1], given: 219

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4315

Kudos [?]: 8199 [2], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 May 2013, 09:16
2
KUDOS
The concept of the present participle (verb+ing) modifying with or without the comma preceding it has the following significance IMO. Of course, as Zorralou has rightly said, without the comma, there is not much confusion, as it forthrightly modifies the preceding noun.
But in the case of the comma preceding, we all know it modifies the entire preceding clause. What exactly is meant by the preceding clause? Some have said it is the subject, some others say it is the verb because it is an adverbial modifier. May be they are correct in their own right. But more importantly, and very often, it highlights the gist of the entire preceding clause and not just a part of it.
Let’s see how in this given case; Now, slowing is the participle under question. Something has caused the slowing. Is it the weather alone or the unexciting merchandise alone or both put together? You will appreciate it is both together that have contributed to the slowing. Logically analysts cannot contend for being modified as, their job is just to pass appropriate comments. So the modified parts are really the merchandise and the weather put together, both noun forms objects of the verb blamed; so, the whole gist is about the result of some things impeding something collectively in the context.

In the light of the above, we have to dump all the choices that pinpoint something with a relative pronoun, (which) Choices A and C fall under this category. Choice E uses the verb –slowed- as an action of the noun weather, which is a fractured meaning from the original intent.
Between B and D, both use the verb+ ing preceded by a comma. But the use of ‘being’ colder and wetter in D is unnecessarily superfluous; being used as a modifier of weather, is not acceptable; B even without the word being is crisp and tidy.
So B overrides D.
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8199 [2], given: 364

Intern
Joined: 14 Jan 2013
Posts: 23

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 43

Location: India
Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 May 2013, 21:19
daagh wrote:
The concept of the present participle (verb+ing) modifying with or without the comma preceding it has the following significance IMO. Of course, as Zorralou has rightly said, without the comma, there is not much confusion, as it forthrightly modifies the preceding noun.
But in the case of the comma preceding, we all know it modifies the entire preceding clause. What exactly is meant by the preceding clause? Some have said it is the subject, some others say it is the verb because it is an adverbial modifier. May be they are correct in their own right. But more importantly, and very often, it highlights the gist of the entire preceding clause and not just a part of it.
Let’s see how in this given case; Now, slowing is the participle under question. Something has caused the slowing. Is it the weather alone or the unexciting merchandise alone or both put together? You will appreciate it is both together that have contributed to the slowing. Logically analysts cannot contend for being modified as, their job is just to pass appropriate comments. So the modified parts are really the merchandise and the weather put together, both noun forms objects of the verb blamed; so, the whole gist is about the result of some things impeding something collectively in the context.

In the light of the above, we have to dump all the choices that pinpoint something with a relative pronoun, (which) Choices A and C fall under this category. Choice E uses the verb –slowed- as an action of the noun weather, which is a fractured meaning from the original intent.
Between B and D, both use the verb+ ing preceded by a comma. But the use of ‘being’ colder and wetter in D is unnecessarily superfluous; being used as a modifier of weather, is not acceptable; B even without the word being is crisp and tidy.
So B overrides D.

Ok, IMO, If the participial phrase is at the beginning of a sentence set off by a comma then there is no confusion as it modifies the subject of the following clause. Problem is when participial phrase is at the end of a sentence set off my by a comma. Just one additional question, If a participial phrase comes in the middle of a sentence set off by commas, will it modify the preceding clause or the subject of a following clause: I may not have an appropriate example here, please help.

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 43

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4315

Kudos [?]: 8199 [0], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 May 2013, 22:46
As I see the issue, as long as it does not start a sentence, the present participial, whether in the middle or at the end of a sentences, should fall in line with modifying the entire gist.
EG: The tribal of the pre-agro era who knew no other means of food preparation, hunting and eating the docile animals of the wild such as the cattle and other quadrupeds, resorted to controlled fires for cooking their staple diet.
Here the modifier - hunting and eating the docile animals of the wild such as the cattle and other quadrupeds-placed in the middle modifies not only the tribal but also their lack of knowledge of other means of food preparation. You might call it a noun phrase, but that modified part should carry the gist of the clause or phrase in toto.
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8199 [0], given: 364

Intern
Joined: 14 Jan 2013
Posts: 23

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 43

Location: India
Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 May 2013, 23:27
daagh wrote:
As I see the issue, as long as it does not start a sentence, the present participial, whether in the middle or at the end of a sentences, should fall in line with modifying the entire gist.
EG: The tribal of the pre-agro era who knew no other means of food preparation, hunting and eating the docile animals of the wild such as the cattle and other quadrupeds, resorted to controlled fires for cooking their staple diet.
Here the modifier - hunting and eating the docile animals of the wild such as the cattle and other quadrupeds-placed in the middle modifies not only the tribal but also their lack of knowledge of other means of food preparation. You might call it a noun phrase, but that modified part should carry the gist of the clause or phrase in toto.

My Question had one more point. Does "hunting and eatin....." always modifies "The tribal" or it can also modify "resorted to controll....". It may not make sense here.
Putting it in general, does participial phrase in the middle of a sentence modifies the preceding clause or a following clause? Getting my point? Because, I have seen examples( i don't have them now) where participial phrase modifies the following clause. Is there a standard rule? Or is it case dependent?

Kudos [?]: 12 [0], given: 43

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4315

Kudos [?]: 8199 [1], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 May 2013, 00:29
1
KUDOS
It may not be a general rule since many rules can bend to the need of the context in question. Here in this case, how can hunting animals in the wild modify -resorted to controlled fire. Both are totally different factors. But if you have seen some examples where a middle-sentence modifier modifies what comes what after, then we have to definitively see the context. Even before seeing the premises, how can we formulate the conclusion? Modification means a definite change in the nature of the thing modified, either in the form of additional info, or leading to an outcome from the facts mentioned etc etc; modification isn't just indication. It is inter-relation.

I do see, my professments may have lot of contrarian happenings. I am interested in knowing them.
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8199 [1], given: 364

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 561

Kudos [?]: 712 [0], given: 80

Location: India
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2013, 11:44
Got it Correct.

Which modifies the noun preceeding it, in this case it is the 'regions', which is incorrect. So A n C go off
in E, 'and' creates a new sentence with no subject so it is a fragment.
in D, 'being' is used which is wrong
So B is correct
_________________

Regards,

S

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

Kudos [?]: 712 [0], given: 80

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 561

Kudos [?]: 712 [0], given: 80

Location: India
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2013, 11:48
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
i am noticing lot of people misguides others with their wrong diagnostic of the questions. i would request the admin to filter of those posts.
_________________

Regards,

S

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

Kudos [?]: 712 [0], given: 80

Director
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 899

Kudos [?]: 919 [0], given: 322

Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Aug 2013, 21:42
As I can see the posts there is a confusion on -Ing modifier:

So here it is used in 3 ways

(1). To Modify NOUN

Using high technology, the engineer fixed the machine.

(2). To modify Verb and Verb's subject

I fought with my friend, making him cry.

Action of fighting made him cry = fought

(3). To present the result of the main clause

The company is in debt after loss in first quarter,minimizing its costs in the second quarter.

minimizing=action
The company.... First quarter is considered a NOUN PHRASE

So NOUN PHRASE + ACTION

Hope it helps

Rgds,
TGC!
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Kudos [?]: 919 [0], given: 322

Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting   [#permalink] 26 Aug 2013, 21:42

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 21 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by