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Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise

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Re: Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2013, 22:24
great question
1)Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions,which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.
(A) colder and wetter than was usual in some regions,which slowed
(B) which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions,slowing
(C) since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions,which slowed
(D) being colder and wetter than usually in some regions,slowing
(E) having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed

comma+doing modify the previous clause and associate with the subject of that clause

being and having been in D and E modify "analysist blame" . Wrong

"which" in A and C must modify "region". Wong. though "which" can modify SLIGHTLY far noun, "which" can not modify far noun-"which" can not jump far over "colder and ... regions" to modify "weather"

B is left.
IN b, "slowing" modify the previous clause " which is colder and ...regions" . correct.

pls, comment/supplement.
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Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2013, 05:16
kt00381n wrote:
Analysts blamed May’s sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.
(A) colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed
(B) which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing
(C) since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions, which slowed
(D) being colder and wetter than usually in some regions, slowing
(E) having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed



Hi,

I know the correct answer is B, but my understanding is that "slowing..." as a participial phrase modifies the entire main clause - "Analysts blamed...". Meaning analysts blame is the reason for slowing of sales. Or, is the participial phrase selectively modifying a part of the main clause? If so, could you please help me in a systemic way of identifying the noun modified by the participial phrase.

Thanks.
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Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2013, 05:28
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kiranck007 wrote:
Hi,

I know the correct answer is B, but my understanding is that "slowing..." as a participial phrase modifies the entire main clause - "Analysts blamed...". Meaning analysts blame is the reason for slowing of sales. Or, is the participial phrase selectively modifying a part of the main clause? If so, could you please help me in a systemic way of identifying the noun modified by the participial phrase.

Thanks.


"which (the weather) was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing"

"slowing" refers to the weather, not to the analysts. How could analysts slow sales of barbecue grills?

Generally speaking the ING form can be found in two ways:
1)COMMA + -ING, in this case it modifies the preceding clause (it is used to show the results of an action as in this case most of the times)
2)"ONLY" -ING, in this case modifies the preceding noun or noun phrase.

Both ing forms refers to the preceding clause/name. Hope it's clear
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Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2013, 09:16
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The concept of the present participle (verb+ing) modifying with or without the comma preceding it has the following significance IMO. Of course, as Zorralou has rightly said, without the comma, there is not much confusion, as it forthrightly modifies the preceding noun.
But in the case of the comma preceding, we all know it modifies the entire preceding clause. What exactly is meant by the preceding clause? Some have said it is the subject, some others say it is the verb because it is an adverbial modifier. May be they are correct in their own right. But more importantly, and very often, it highlights the gist of the entire preceding clause and not just a part of it.
Let’s see how in this given case; Now, slowing is the participle under question. Something has caused the slowing. Is it the weather alone or the unexciting merchandise alone or both put together? You will appreciate it is both together that have contributed to the slowing. Logically analysts cannot contend for being modified as, their job is just to pass appropriate comments. So the modified parts are really the merchandise and the weather put together, both noun forms objects of the verb blamed; so, the whole gist is about the result of some things impeding something collectively in the context.

In the light of the above, we have to dump all the choices that pinpoint something with a relative pronoun, (which) Choices A and C fall under this category. Choice E uses the verb –slowed- as an action of the noun weather, which is a fractured meaning from the original intent.
Between B and D, both use the verb+ ing preceded by a comma. But the use of ‘being’ colder and wetter in D is unnecessarily superfluous; being used as a modifier of weather, is not acceptable; B even without the word being is crisp and tidy.
So B overrides D.
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Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2013, 21:19
daagh wrote:
The concept of the present participle (verb+ing) modifying with or without the comma preceding it has the following significance IMO. Of course, as Zorralou has rightly said, without the comma, there is not much confusion, as it forthrightly modifies the preceding noun.
But in the case of the comma preceding, we all know it modifies the entire preceding clause. What exactly is meant by the preceding clause? Some have said it is the subject, some others say it is the verb because it is an adverbial modifier. May be they are correct in their own right. But more importantly, and very often, it highlights the gist of the entire preceding clause and not just a part of it.
Let’s see how in this given case; Now, slowing is the participle under question. Something has caused the slowing. Is it the weather alone or the unexciting merchandise alone or both put together? You will appreciate it is both together that have contributed to the slowing. Logically analysts cannot contend for being modified as, their job is just to pass appropriate comments. So the modified parts are really the merchandise and the weather put together, both noun forms objects of the verb blamed; so, the whole gist is about the result of some things impeding something collectively in the context.

In the light of the above, we have to dump all the choices that pinpoint something with a relative pronoun, (which) Choices A and C fall under this category. Choice E uses the verb –slowed- as an action of the noun weather, which is a fractured meaning from the original intent.
Between B and D, both use the verb+ ing preceded by a comma. But the use of ‘being’ colder and wetter in D is unnecessarily superfluous; being used as a modifier of weather, is not acceptable; B even without the word being is crisp and tidy.
So B overrides D.


Ok, IMO, If the participial phrase is at the beginning of a sentence set off by a comma then there is no confusion as it modifies the subject of the following clause. Problem is when participial phrase is at the end of a sentence set off my by a comma. Just one additional question, If a participial phrase comes in the middle of a sentence set off by commas, will it modify the preceding clause or the subject of a following clause: I may not have an appropriate example here, please help.
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Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2013, 22:46
As I see the issue, as long as it does not start a sentence, the present participial, whether in the middle or at the end of a sentences, should fall in line with modifying the entire gist.
EG: The tribal of the pre-agro era who knew no other means of food preparation, hunting and eating the docile animals of the wild such as the cattle and other quadrupeds, resorted to controlled fires for cooking their staple diet.
Here the modifier - hunting and eating the docile animals of the wild such as the cattle and other quadrupeds-placed in the middle modifies not only the tribal but also their lack of knowledge of other means of food preparation. You might call it a noun phrase, but that modified part should carry the gist of the clause or phrase in toto.
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Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2013, 23:27
daagh wrote:
As I see the issue, as long as it does not start a sentence, the present participial, whether in the middle or at the end of a sentences, should fall in line with modifying the entire gist.
EG: The tribal of the pre-agro era who knew no other means of food preparation, hunting and eating the docile animals of the wild such as the cattle and other quadrupeds, resorted to controlled fires for cooking their staple diet.
Here the modifier - hunting and eating the docile animals of the wild such as the cattle and other quadrupeds-placed in the middle modifies not only the tribal but also their lack of knowledge of other means of food preparation. You might call it a noun phrase, but that modified part should carry the gist of the clause or phrase in toto.


My Question had one more point. Does "hunting and eatin....." always modifies "The tribal" or it can also modify "resorted to controll....". It may not make sense here.
Putting it in general, does participial phrase in the middle of a sentence modifies the preceding clause or a following clause? Getting my point? Because, I have seen examples( i don't have them now) where participial phrase modifies the following clause. Is there a standard rule? Or is it case dependent?
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Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

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It may not be a general rule since many rules can bend to the need of the context in question. Here in this case, how can hunting animals in the wild modify -resorted to controlled fire. Both are totally different factors. But if you have seen some examples where a middle-sentence modifier modifies what comes what after, then we have to definitively see the context. Even before seeing the premises, how can we formulate the conclusion? Modification means a definite change in the nature of the thing modified, either in the form of additional info, or leading to an outcome from the facts mentioned etc etc; modification isn't just indication. It is inter-relation.

I do see, my professments may have lot of contrarian happenings. I am interested in knowing them.
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Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2013, 11:44
Got it Correct.

Which modifies the noun preceeding it, in this case it is the 'regions', which is incorrect. So A n C go off
in E, 'and' creates a new sentence with no subject so it is a fragment.
in D, 'being' is used which is wrong
So B is correct
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Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

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Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2013, 21:42
As I can see the posts there is a confusion on -Ing modifier:

So here it is used in 3 ways

(1). To Modify NOUN

Using high technology, the engineer fixed the machine.

(2). To modify Verb and Verb's subject

I fought with my friend, making him cry.

Who made him cry= I
Action of fighting made him cry = fought

(3). To present the result of the main clause

The company is in debt after loss in first quarter,minimizing its costs in the second quarter.

minimizing=action
The company.... First quarter is considered a NOUN PHRASE

So NOUN PHRASE + ACTION

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Re: Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2013, 00:30
laxieqv wrote:
Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.

A. colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed
B. which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing
C. since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions, which slowed
D. being colder and wetter than usually in some regions, slowing
E. having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed


I am wrong doing this question.

I choose A because I think that "which slowed..." can modify a far noun "wheather". but this far modification is correct only when the distance between noun modified and adjectival is short. we do see this short distance in many official answers of OG books. Even this a little farness is acceptable , it is not prefered-we have not to choose it when there is better choice.

it is clear that sometimes adjectival far from noun modified is considered incorrect, other times correct. this situation make it hard for us to study Sentence correction section.
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Re: Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2014, 04:45
Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.
In the given sentence, "which" is modifying region. if look at the meaning carefully, we would be able to understand that "which" should modify "weather".
So B is the correct choice..

A. colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed
B. which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing
C. since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions, which slowed
D. being colder and wetter than usually in some regions, slowing
E. having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed
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Re: Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise [#permalink]

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A. colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed Wrong - "which slowed" cannot modify regions because it modifies the entire clause prior; it's an adverbial modifier

B. which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing Correct - comparison is okay, since "[weather] was colder and wetter than usual [weather]"; words can be omitted if understood

C. since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions, which slowed Wrong - "which slowed" cannot modify regions because it modifies the entire clause prior; it's an adverbial modifier; "usually" is an adverb and cannot modify noun "weather"

D. being colder and wetter than usually in some regions, slowing Wrong - "being" is not used correctly; "usually" is an adverb and cannot modify noun "weather"

E. having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed Wrong - participle phrase "having been" changes the meaning of the sentence because "having been" can describe the verb as well as the entire clause

B
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Re: Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2014, 03:10
All those who think that being is always wrong in GMAT they need to correct their approach, If being was used here w/o comma, it usage wouldn't have been wrong.
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Re: Analysts blamed Mays sluggish retail sales on unexciting [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2016, 17:55
SPLIT1) The adjective usual, rather than the adverb usually, is required when modifying a noun. C AND D ARE OUT.

SPLIT2) RELATIVE PRONOUN "WHICH" MUST BE AS CLOSE AS POSSIBLE TO THE NOUN IT MODIFIES. A AND C ARE OUT.

SPLIT3) THE PARTICIPLE PHRASE IN THE PUNCTUATION "PARTICIPLE PHRASE + COMMA (,) + MAIN CLAUSE" IS BETTER SERVED WITH WORD "SLOWING" REFERRING TO BOTH MERCHANDISE AND WEATHER IN THE PARTICIPLE PHRASE. C AND E ARE OUT.
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Re: Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2017, 22:20
What's wrong with E.. Why we cant use having been in this sentence
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Re: Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise [#permalink]

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B is correct - The sentence is concise, correct, and idiomatic, and which has a clear referent, the weather
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Re: Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 23:35
Ruchita1907 wrote:
What's wrong with E.. Why we cant use having been in this sentence


Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise as well as the weather, colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed sales of barbecue grills and lawn furniture.

A. colder and wetter than was usual in some regions, which slowed - which incorrectly refers to regions
B. which was colder and wetter than usual in some regions, slowing - Correct
C. since it was colder and wetter than usually in some regions, which slowed - which incorrectly refers to regions
D. being colder and wetter than usually in some regions, slowing - usage of being as a modifier
E. having been colder and wetter than was usual in some regions and slowed - having been is used to denote an action that was done before another action and thus its usage does not make sense here ; Also and slowed changes the meaning

Hi Ruchita1907 ,
Hope this helps!! :D
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Re: Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2017, 10:50
A: "comma which" needs to refer to a noun next door. To the left I see a "regions," but this noun is inside a prepositional phrase. I also see "colder and wetter" but both aren't nouns.
B: Don't see issues here
C: Usually is an adverb.
D: Usually is an adverb.
E: Something about the sequence of events seems off here.

My selection: Choice B.
Re: Analysts blamed May's sluggish retail sales on unexciting merchandise   [#permalink] 08 Dec 2017, 10:50

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