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For what value of x between − 4 and 4, inclusive, is the value of x^2

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For what value of x between − 4 and 4, inclusive, is the value of x^2 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2016, 06:36
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Re: For what value of x between − 4 and 4, inclusive, is the value of x^2 [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
For what value of x between − 4 and 4, inclusive, is the value of x^2 − 10x + 16 the greatest?

(A) − 4
(B) − 2
(C) 0
(D) 2
(E) 4


Hi,
we can see from the statement that two terms containing x, x^2 will always be positive and -10x will be positive if x is -ive..
so the equation will have greatest value if x is -ive, and lower the value of x, greater is the equation.
so -4 will give the greatest value..

second way could be to factorize it..
x^2 − 10x + 16 = (x-8)(x-2)...
(x-8)(x-2) will have greatest value when x will be -ive as both terms will be -ive and the product would give us a positive value..
ans A
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Re: For what value of x between − 4 and 4, inclusive, is the value of x^2 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2016, 06:53
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x^2 − 10x + 16
=x^2 - 8x - 2x + 16
=x(x-8) -2(x-8)
= (x-2)(x-8)
Now we can substitute the values of x
x=-4 , then (-6)*(-12) = 72
x=-2 , then (-4)*(-10)= 40
x= 0 , then (-2)*(-8) = 16
x=-2 , then 0* - 8 = 0
x=4 then 2* - 4 = -8

Answer A

Alternatively we can analyse the original expression x^2 − 10x + 16
The term x^2 will be always positive or zero(when x=0)
So value of x^2 will increase as value of x increases .
To maximize -10x , we need the smallest negative value of x in the range [-4,4] . Thus , -4 should give us that max value for -10x .

Answer A
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Re: For what value of x between − 4 and 4, inclusive, is the value of x^2 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2017, 22:35
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IMO

x^2 − 10x + 16
= x^2 − 10x + 25 – 9
=(x-5)^2 – 9

=>( x^2 − 10x + 16)max
<=> (x-5)^2 max
<=> x = -4
*with value of x between − 4 and 4, inclusive

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Re: For what value of x between − 4 and 4, inclusive, is the value of x^2 [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2017, 23:42
So here we can just substitute the values from the options and check for which one does the value of x the greatest. But why is the method in the official guide showing all the values from -4 to 4 inclusive and then finding out the greatest value .Isn't that method simply lengthy??

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Re: For what value of x between − 4 and 4, inclusive, is the value of x^2 [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2017, 16:01
Bunuel wrote:
For what value of x between − 4 and 4, inclusive, is the value of x^2 − 10x + 16 the greatest?

(A) − 4
(B) − 2
(C) 0
(D) 2
(E) 4


Let’s first factor the given quadratic.

x^2 − 10x + 16

(x - 8)(x - 2)

In order to make the expression the greatest, we need (x - 8) and (x - 2) to be either both positive or both negative.

Looking at the answer choices, we see that when x is -4, we have the largest possible product:

-12 x -6 = 96

Answer: A
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Re: For what value of x between − 4 and 4, inclusive, is the value of x^2   [#permalink] 02 Nov 2017, 16:01
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