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Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit

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Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 18 Sep 2017, 18:35
3
27
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

32% (02:01) correct 68% (02:21) wrong based on 860 sessions

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Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit management, several computer experts maintained that the most significant threat faced by large institutions such as universities and hospitals is unauthorized access to confidential data. In light of this testimony, we should make the protection of our clients’ confidentiality our highest priority.

The hospital executive’s argument is most vulnerable to which one of the following objections?

(A) The argument confuses the causes of a problem with the appropriate solutions to that problem.

(B) The argument relies on the testimony of experts whose expertise is not shown to be sufficiently broad to support their general claim.

(C) The argument assumes that a correlation between two phenomena is evidence that one is the cause of the other.

(D) The argument draws a general conclusion about a group based on data about an unrepresentative sample of that group.

(E) The argument infers that a property belonging to large institutions belongs to all institutions.

Source: LSAT

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Originally posted by vomhorizon on 28 Nov 2012, 04:13.
Last edited by broall on 18 Sep 2017, 18:35, edited 3 times in total.
Reformatted question
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2012, 20:43
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targetgmatchotu wrote:
vomhorizon wrote:
Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit management, several computer experts maintained that the most significant threat faced by large institutions such as universities and hospitals is unauthorized access to confidential data. In light of this testimony, we should make the protection of our clients’ confidentiality our highest priority.


The hospital executive’s argument is most vulnerable to
which one of the following objections?

(A) The argument confuses the causes of a problem
with the appropriate solutions to that problem.

There is no cause and effect stated

(B) The argument relies on the testimony of experts
whose expertise is not shown to be sufficiently
broad to support their general claim.

Computer geeks are well aware of how to provide a secured access by making a software for the hospital professionals so that no one else can crack into the database.

(C) The argument assumes that a correlation
between two phenomena is evidence that one is
the cause of the other.

Correlation doesn't imply causation , unless not mentioned.

(D) The argument draws a general conclusion about
a group based on data about an
unrepresentative sample of that group.

Yes,Correct, a general conclusion for a group of hospitals/universities , although the break up is not mentioned which one is more,then the conclusion talks about the specific threat the confidentiality of clients,which is a group unstated in premise.

(E) The argument infers that a property belonging to
large institutions belongs to all institutions.

out of scope it is

OA, In a while


D' It is as explained above in green



The OA here is B ...

The correct choice reads : The argument relies on the testimony of experts
whose expertise is not shown to be sufficiently
broad to support their general claim.


The stimulus mentions COMPUTER EXPERTS..Although it is not unreasonable to assume that computer experts would be well versed with computer problems, it is inaccurate to assume that the computer experts would also be specialists in the field of hospital and university management...nor is it shown anywhere that these COMPUTER experts are credible experts on what constitutes the biggest threats to these institutes..If these computer experts were shown to be experts in HEALTHCARE IT, or any allied discipline the argument may well have been more logical, but in the absence of any proof of them (the computer experts) having any expertise regarding hospitals and universities we cannot take their knowledge about computers in general to cover all aspects of all industries where computers might be useful. That is akin to asking a computer expert who is a master at fixing computer hardware to evaluate the problems with wallmart's IT based supply chain ... Clearly his/her opinion will not be considered credible unless he could show his expertise in the field of retail based logistics & IT..
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2012, 00:35
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I will go with B.
Computers expert, though knowing a lot about IT and security, are probably not the best experts on what the "highest priority" of hospital execs should be. The priorities should be based on business strategies, trial runs, experience etc which certainly is much more convoluted.
Whats the OA?
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2012, 17:45
1
1
+1 for B

Pre-phrase : As souvik101990 mentioned General Computer experts need not be experts in specified Data Securities..


(B) The argument relies on the testimony of experts
whose expertise is not shown to be sufficiently
broad to support their general claim.
-- Correct ---
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2012, 20:32
vomhorizon wrote:
Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit management, several computer experts maintained that the most significant threat faced by large institutions such as universities and hospitals is unauthorized access to confidential data. In light of this testimony, we should make the protection of our clients’ confidentiality our highest priority.


The hospital executive’s argument is most vulnerable to
which one of the following objections?

(A) The argument confuses the causes of a problem
with the appropriate solutions to that problem.

There is no cause and effect stated

(B) The argument relies on the testimony of experts
whose expertise is not shown to be sufficiently
broad to support their general claim.

Computer geeks are well aware of how to provide a secured access by making a software for the hospital professionals so that no one else can crack into the database.

(C) The argument assumes that a correlation
between two phenomena is evidence that one is
the cause of the other.

Correlation doesn't imply causation , unless not mentioned.

(D) The argument draws a general conclusion about
a group based on data about an
unrepresentative sample of that group.

Yes,Correct, a general conclusion for a group of hospitals/universities , although the break up is not mentioned which one is more,then the conclusion talks about the specific threat the confidentiality of clients,which is a group unstated in premise.

(E) The argument infers that a property belonging to
large institutions belongs to all institutions.

out of scope it is

OA, In a while


D' It is as explained above in green
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2012, 10:01
I zeroed it down to A and B eliminated B thinking it as but obvious answer i.e. a fact and hence trap
Went on to select A coz it mentions cause is confused with the solution ......which i realize is not true as cause of data theft from system is not mentioned.....whatever mentioned is the solution hence it cannot be a flaw.......
Missed it in the time crunch................

B it is.
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2012, 23:24
B seems to make the argument most vulnerable as only computer experts’ testimony cannot form the basis for a general claim. Other experts may have priorities other than clients’ confidentiality.
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2013, 02:02
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Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit management, several computer experts maintained that the most significant threat faced by large institutions such as universities and hospitals is unauthorized access to confidential data. In light of this testimony, we should make the protection of our clients’ confidentiality our highest priority.
The hospital executive’s argument is most vulnerable to which one of the following objections?
(A) The argument confuses the causes of a problem with the appropriate solutions to that problem.
(B) The argument relies on the testimony of experts whose expertise is not shown to be sufficiently broad to support their general claim.
(C) The argument assumes that a correlation between two phenomena is evidence that one is the cause of the other.
(D) The argument draws a general conclusion about a group based on data about an unrepresentative sample of that group.
(E) The argument infers that a property belonging to large institutions belongs to all institutions.
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2013, 00:36
OA posted is strange. first time seen that the capability of experts/critics/some or anyone making claim is challenged. DO you have OE ?
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2013, 00:38
well discussed here though

hospital-executive-at-a-recent-conference-on-nonprofit-143234.html?fl=similar
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2015, 21:47
Why is the capability of the Computer Experts , been considered as a deciding factor here.....I believe that the catch here is the "Confidential Data".. While Experts talk about confidential data in general,which the hospital executive wrongly interprets as something related to client confidentiality... I still hold D as the correct answer... Any advices/corrections will be great :-)....

Moreover, is it a GMAT question or an LSAT question?
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2016, 05:33
PUNEETSCHDV wrote:
OA posted is strange. first time seen that the capability of experts/critics/some or anyone making claim is challenged. DO you have OE ?


They are computer experts, not hospital experts. Their opinion is not being challenged; the hospital executive’s is.
B is correct.
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2016, 12:59
creativeminddu wrote:
Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit management, several computer experts maintained that the most significant threat faced by large institutions such as universities and hospitals is unauthorized access to confidential data.

In light of this testimony, we should make the protection of our clients’ confidentiality our highest priority.

The hospital executive’s argument is most vulnerable to which one of the following objections?

(A) The argument confuses the causes of a problem with the appropriate solutions to that problem.
(B) The argument relies on the testimony of experts whose expertise is not shown to be sufficiently broad to support their general claim.
(C) The argument assumes that a correlation between two phenomena is evidence that one is the cause of the other.
(D) The argument draws a general conclusion about a group based on data about an unrepresentative sample of that group.
(E) The argument infers that a property belonging to large institutions belongs to all institutions.


Hospital Executive is drawing conclusion on the recommendations of computer experts , without justifying the applicability of the issue the the Hospital in question...

It may be such that the general applicability of unauthorized access to confidential data may not be a matter of concern for the Hospital ( Perhaps it has state of the art technology to protect such data)...

Thus the Hospital executive blindly relies on the testimony of Computer experts , without considering the applicability in this context... Hence answer will be (B)..

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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2017, 03:18
Duplicated post.
https://gmatclub.com/forum/hospital-exe ... fl=similar
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Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2017, 04:48
D can't be correct.

Some may think:

the argument is jumping from large institutions such as universities and hospitals to "clients".
how do we know whats true for universities and hospitals is true for CLIENTS also. We know nothing about industry client belong to.

But this is said by Hospital executive so client must be relevant to hospital industry.

But why B is correct:
when we see computer expert so that means they know what they are doing. why do the argument has to prove their expertise. THEIR EXPERTISE IS NOT IN THE QUESTION. You have to accept the premises at face-value and not attack the premise but conclusion.
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2017, 07:06
Can someone please explain a bit more why D is wrong here?
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2018, 09:27
Experts, please help in explaining why D is incorrect.
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2018, 09:38
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Can you share your thoughts on B vs D?

D says that the argument makes a conclusion about a group (hospital clients/Hospitals) based on unrepresentative sample of that group

If the conclusion is drawn on a very small set of hospitals, then the conclusion may be incorrectly drawn

This is also a possible weakener. Can you help me identify wwhere I am going wrong?
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Re: Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2018, 09:58
pikolo2510,

As far as I can tell, the reason B is wrong is because of the following: (D) The argument draws a general conclusion about a group based on data about an unrepresentative sample of that group.

How do we know the data isn't representative? All we know is that there are a few experts talking about certain ideas. Their data could be every hospital in the world, it could be just one. Because we don't know, this answer must be eliminated. Does this help?
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Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2018, 10:22
Hi pikolo2510,

Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit management, several computer experts maintained that the most significant threat faced by large institutions such as universities and hospitals is unauthorized access to confidential data. In light of this testimony, we should make the protection of our clients’ confidentiality our highest priority.

The hospital executive’s argument is most vulnerable to which one of the following objections?

(B) The argument relies on the testimony of experts whose expertise is not shown to be sufficiently broad to support their general claim.
--This sounds good because the argument is talking about computer experts. Since I am an It guy I can relate to this because even though I might have explicit IT knowledge I am not an expert in Networking and Security. Thus, the argument needs to substantiate that the experts are "security" experts.

(D) The argument draws a general conclusion about a group based on data about an unrepresentative sample of that group.
--This is irrelevant in the question at hand. The argument states nothing about the sample of universities. Neither the argument is about a scenario that might require sampling.

You might want to look at this question from another angle. The conclusion is "we should make the protection of our clients’ confidentiality our highest priority" and you need to weaken this. How can you do that? Even if the sample isn't correct the conclusion may or may not stand. Thus "D" is a neutral statement. On the other hand, option "B" is true would definitely weaken the analysis put forth by the "experts".

I hope that helps !!
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