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If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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02 Jan 2011, 16:33
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If xy = 1, what is the value of \(\frac {2^{(x + y)^2}} {2^{(x  y)^2}\) ? A. 2 B. 4 C. 8 D. 16 E. 32
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02 Jan 2011, 16:41



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02 Jan 2011, 17:12
Bunuel wrote: tonebeeze wrote: If xy = 1, what is the value of \(\frac {2^{(x + y)^2}} {2^{(x  y)^2}\) ?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 8
d. 16
e. 32 \(\frac{2^{(x+y)^2}}{2^{(xy)^2}}=2^{(x+y)^2(xy)^2}=2^{(x+y+xy)(x+yx+y)}=2^{(2x)(2y)}=2^{4xy}=2^4=16\). Answer: D. Hey Bunuel, Thanks for the response. I totally understand the key logic of this problem. My method: \(\frac{2^{(x+y)^2}}{2^{(xy)^2}}=2^{(x+y)^2(xy)^2}=2^{(x^2+2xy+y^2)  (x^22xy + y^2)} =2^{(x^2+2xy+y^2  x^2+ 2xy  y^2)}=2^{(4xy)}=2^4=16\) Your method looks more simple and I would like to understand it. I just got a little lost during your factoringout transition from \(2^{(x+y)^2(xy)^2}=2^{(x+y+xy)(x+yx+y)}\) . Can u please explain. Thanks!



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02 Jan 2011, 17:20
tonebeeze wrote: Bunuel wrote: tonebeeze wrote: If xy = 1, what is the value of \(\frac {2^{(x + y)^2}} {2^{(x  y)^2}\) ?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 8
d. 16
e. 32 \(\frac{2^{(x+y)^2}}{2^{(xy)^2}}=2^{(x+y)^2(xy)^2}=2^{(x+y+xy)(x+yx+y)}=2^{(2x)(2y)}=2^{4xy}=2^4=16\). Answer: D. Hey Bunuel, Thanks for the response. I totally understand the key logic of this problem. My method: \(\frac{2^{(x+y)^2}}{2^{(xy)^2}}=2^{(x+y)^2(xy)^2}=2^{(x^2+2xy+y^2)  (x^22xy + y^2)} =2^{(x^2+2xy+y^2  x^2+ 2xy  y^2)}=2^{(4xy)}=2^4=16\) Your method looks more simple and I would like to understand it. I just got a little lost during your factoringout transition from \(2^{(x+y)^2(xy)^2}=2^{(x+y+xy)(x+yx+y)}\) . Can u please explain. Thanks! \(a^2b^2=(a+b)*(ab)\), so \((x+y)^2(xy)^2=((x+y)+(xy))*((x+y)(xy))=2x*2y=4xy\). Hope it's clear.
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Re: GmatPrep special products question [#permalink]
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02 Jan 2011, 17:26
Now I understand! Thanks



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If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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29 Jun 2013, 18:24
2^(2.5)^2/2^(1.5)^2
I keep getting 4 as answer for this; the answer is 16 can someone explain what I am missing
original question
DS
x*y=1
2^(x+Y)^2/2^(xy)^2
THanks



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29 Jun 2013, 20:20
bikram17 wrote: 2^(2.5)^2/2^(1.5)^2 I keep getting 4 as answer for this; the answer is 16 can someone explain what I am missing original question DS x*y=1 2^(x+Y)^2/2^(xy)^2 THanks You were doing this (highlighted in Red) which is wrong 2^(2.5)^2/2^(1.5)^2 2^5/ 2^32^(53) 2^(2) 4 Correct solution is this. 2^(2.5)^2/2^(1.5)^2 2^6.25/ 2^2.252^(6.252.25) 2^(4) 16 Hope this helps
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Re: If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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30 Jun 2013, 00:52



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Re: If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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27 Feb 2014, 21:43
Can some explain why (xy)^2 is not x^2y^2 which then translates into (x+y)(xy)? When I put it as (xy)(xy) I can see how it translates out to x^2+y^22xy but I just don't understand why it doesn't originally translate to the squared form when you take the exponent and then give it to each variable in the paranthesis.
Thanks for the help!



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Re: If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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27 Feb 2014, 22:34
amjet12 wrote: Can some explain why (xy)^2 is not x^2y^2 which then translates into (x+y)(xy)? When I put it as (xy)(xy) I can see how it translates out to x^2+y^22xy but I just don't understand why it doesn't originally translate to the squared form when you take the exponent and then give it to each variable in the paranthesis.
Thanks for the help! Hi amjet12, I think this will be better understood by an example than the theory behind it (5  2)^2 = (3)^2 = 9 According to BODMAS (also refereed as PEMDAS) , you solve first anything in the brackets/parenthesis and proceed with exponents. Hence, subtraction and then exponents. (PEMDAS = Paranthesis, Exponents, Multiplication, Divisibility, Addition, Subtraction in the same order). Try to search more about it if you are not aware of it. 5^2  2^2 = 25 4 (Note we don't have exponents out of paranthesis in fact they are inside. so order will be exponents, then subtraction = 21 Now, the expansion (xy)^2 = x^2  2xy +y^2 and x^2y^2 = (xy)(x+y) are just algebraic rules which all the numbers have to follow. You can check that with above example.



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Re: If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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11 Jun 2014, 01:45
Sub600 level, really?



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Re: If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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14 Jul 2014, 22:47
\(\frac{2^{(x + y)^2}}{2^{(xy)^2}}\) \(= 2^{(x + y)^2  (xy)^2}\) \(= 2^{4xy}\) \(= 2^4\) = 16 Answer = D
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Re: If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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04 Mar 2015, 09:36
\(2^{(x+y)^2}/2^{(xy)^2}=2^{(x+y)^2(xy)^2}\)
This part is very unclear to me. I do understand the basics of negative square is just "one over", but I dont understand this. The math compendium barely touches on this either. Can someone explain this please?



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Re: If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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Re: If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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07 Mar 2015, 17:44
Hi All, Most Quant questions can be approached in a variety of ways, so it's useful to practice more than one method during your studies. In this question, it appears that all of the posters took the same Algebraic approach (which is fine), but was that approach really the fastest and easiest way to get to the solution.....? Watch what happens when we TEST VALUES.... We're told that XY = 1. Since the answer choices are all numbers, one of them MUST be the solution to the equation, so I should be able to use ANY combination of X and Y that I choose (as long as the product of those values = 1). Let's try... X = 1 Y = 1 The question then becomes...what is the value of (2^4)/(2^0)? (2^4)/(2^0) = 16/1 = 16 Final Answer: GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich
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Re: If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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12 Aug 2015, 07:01
Hello,
Another way
2^(x^2+y^2+2xy) / 2^(x^2+y^22xy) = 2^(x^2+y^2+2) / 2^(x^2+y^22) = 2^(x^2+y^2) x 2^2 / 2^(x^2+y^2) x 2^2 = 4/(1/4) = 16



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Re: If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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25 Nov 2015, 21:53
I plugged in number to make XY=1, X=1 Y=1
2^(2)^2/2^0^2 =16/1



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Re: If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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28 Nov 2015, 18:39
Bunuel wrote: tonebeeze wrote: If xy = 1, what is the value of \(\frac {2^{(x + y)^2}} {2^{(x  y)^2}\) ?
A. 2 B. 4 C. 8 D. 16 E. 32 \(\frac{2^{(x+y)^2}}{2^{(xy)^2}}=2^{(x+y)^2(xy)^2}=2^{(x+y+xy)(x+yx+y)}=2^{(2x)(2y)}=2^{4xy}=2^4=16\). Answer: D. How did you eliminate the "2" in the denominator?



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If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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28 Nov 2015, 18:53
weiling476 wrote: Bunuel wrote: tonebeeze wrote: If xy = 1, what is the value of \(\frac {2^{(x + y)^2}} {2^{(x  y)^2}\) ?
A. 2 B. 4 C. 8 D. 16 E. 32 \(\frac{2^{(x+y)^2}}{2^{(xy)^2}}=2^{(x+y)^2(xy)^2}=2^{(x+y+xy)(x+yx+y)}=2^{(2x)(2y)}=2^{4xy}=2^4=16\). Answer: D. How did you eliminate the "2" in the denominator? You need to remember the following exponential formulae: 1.) \(\frac{1}{a} = a^{1}\) , where \(a \neq 0\) 2.) \((a^m)*(a^n) = a^{m+n}\) 3.) \(\frac{a^m}{a^n} = a^{mn}\) (based on properties 1 and 2 above). Thus, per the given question, \(\frac{2^{(x+y)^2}}{2^{(xy)^2}}= 2^{(x+y)^2}*2^{(xy)^2}= 2^{(x+y)^2(xy)^2} = 2^{x^2+y^2+2xy(x^2+y^22xy)}=2^{4xy}=2^4=16\). As for your question, 2 from the denominator was multiplied with the 2 in the numerator as per the properties and solution shown above. Hope this helps.



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If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2? [#permalink]
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30 May 2016, 03:22
Although I'm pretty much familiar with exponential rules, and got this question right in the Gmatprep, I've a doubt. The rules of exponentials tell us that whenever we have \((n^x)^y\) the result is n elevated at the x*y, so why aren't we multiplying (x+y) and (xy) for 2? Thanks




If xy = 1, what is the value of 2^(x + y)^2/2^(xy)^2?
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