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In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative

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In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purification method, the company required each employee to sign a confidentiality agreement prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies using an analogous purification process.

A. prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies
B. prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company
C. prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company
D. that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies
E. that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company
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DonnieDrastic wrote:
I thought that prohibit was followed up with "from" whereas forbid was followed up with "to"


When you say "prohibit from", the correct form of the idiom is -

"prohibit someone/something from something"

For example -
The court ordered the Bureau of Immigration to prohibit the accused from leaving the country.

Another way in which "prohibit" can be used is "prohibit something"

For example -
Kuwait was the only nation to prohibit the entry of Syrian nationals prior to Trump's executive action
Reddit's rules strictly prohibit revealing anybody's private personal information (Note here that "revealing ..." is a noun).

Let us look at the answer options -

Option A - Incorrect.
"prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies" - Note that "prohibit" does not take the command subjunctive.

Option B - Incorrect.
"them" is incorrect. "each employee" is singular.

Option C - Correct.
This uses the second form of the idiom - "prohibit X"
X = the noun phrase "disclosure of its water purification methods to any company"

Option D - Incorrect.
"that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies"

"them" is incorrect as "each employee" requires a singular pronoun.
"prohibit X from doing Y" is the correct idiom. "disclosing" should be used instead of "disclosure".
"would prohibit" - uses future in the past form "would". Implies that prohibition occurs some time after "signing". Illogical. Employees are prohibited from disclosing information as soon as they sign the agreement.

Option E - Incorrect.
Note that "prohibit + infinitive (to + Verb)" is not idiomatic.
"that would prohibit" is incorrect.

Hope this helps
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In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purification method, the company required each employee to sign a confidentiality agreement prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies using an analogous purification process.

A. prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies
B. prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company
C. prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company
D. that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies
E. that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company

Last edited by nguyendinhtuong on 20 May 2017, 10:46, edited 1 time in total.
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I thought that prohibit was followed up with "from" whereas forbid was followed up with "to"
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DonnieDrastic wrote:
I get that but where I'm lost is "disclosure of its water purification methods to any company"

Do you have any other examples where "to" comes after prohibit/prohibited/prohibiting similar to how it does above? The Kuwait example has the word "prior" splitting it


Note that "to any company" - is a prepositional phrase. (to + Noun)
whereas an infinitive takes the form "to + Verb".

"prohibit" is not used with infinitives.
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New post 10 Aug 2005, 05:17
C. prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company
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confused between 'C' and 'D'.. D has 'prohibit from' and also the clause after 'that' makes it more clear.. although 'D' is more wordy and 'C' is precise... on the test day I will go with 'D'
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New post 10 Aug 2005, 14:32
perkhannu wrote:
confused between 'C' and 'D'.. D has 'prohibit from' and also the clause after 'that' makes it more clear.. although 'D' is more wordy and 'C' is precise... on the test day I will go with 'D'


I do agree with you completely. But THEM in D is redundant and moreover you will need a participle (disclosing) rathar than a noun (the disclosure).

The correct idiom should be

Prohibiting X from doing Z
or forbid x to do Z.

This sentence does not follow any rule.

C is ok. C indicates that prohibiting is done by agreement
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New post 11 Aug 2005, 11:39
it's (D) for me. The word 'other' is missing in B, C, and E. it should read '...any other company'.

meanwhile, which does ETS prefer?
probibit from or prohibit to?
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New post 11 Aug 2005, 13:31
i looked at the choices again. D seems to make more sense.

prohibit is a transitive verb.
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New post 11 Aug 2005, 14:10
What does THEM refer to in D..

I would take D if it were to say HIM OR HER instead of THEM
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New post 11 Aug 2005, 17:27
it should be C. D has a pronoun error it is quite unclear to what 'them' refers to the company or each employee.
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New post 13 Aug 2005, 10:57
riteshgupta1 wrote:
What does THEM refer to in D..

I would take D if it were to say HIM OR HER instead of THEM


correct Rite/kayser. I overlooked the 'them'.......obviously can't be (D).
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New post 15 Aug 2005, 15:24
Can somebody point out error in A? Is that not right use oof subjunctive?
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New post 15 Aug 2005, 18:06
A changes the meaning of the sentence. It seems to indicate that water purification methods be disclosed to companies using a tool called an analogous purification process.

There is no sense of ORDER, ADVISE in this sentence. Its an agreement that need to prohibit employee from disclosing the details...
So, can not use subjunctive under agreement..
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New post 17 Aug 2005, 11:15
I can't see C as being right.

Prohibit from sounds better, therefore, only B and D can be correct?
Them must also be used to identify "Who".
OA Please?
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New post 27 Jun 2010, 05:15
OA is C.
My problem here is that I had always thought that prohibit from was the idiom.
Could anybody clarify?
Thanks.
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New post 30 Jun 2010, 08:59
agreed PROHIBIT FROM is a right Idiom, BUT B and D - that uses the mentioned idiom has an agreement problem, Each Employee is singular and cannot have a plural pronoun THEM
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New post 29 Jul 2010, 04:41
mailnavin1 wrote:
agreed PROHIBIT FROM is a right Idiom, BUT B and D - that uses the mentioned idiom has an agreement problem, Each Employee is singular and cannot have a plural pronoun THEM


ok, that rules out B and D.

And why C is better than A or E?
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New post 29 Jul 2010, 04:54
I would say D for the sole reason that it is the only correct looking sentence which refers to 'them' i.e. the employees....C doesn't refer to the employees at all
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