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# In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi

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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2010, 11:44
noboru wrote:
seekmba wrote:
(A) "prohibiting that X be Y......" is unidiomatic
(E) "prohibit X to be Y " is unidiomatic

prohibit X, where X is a noun (disclosure) is correct
or
prohibit person from.....doing something..

Hence C

Are you sure?
I have seen other posts arguing that "X PROHIBITS THAT Y BE Z" is idiomatic.
thanks.

no one is going to comment on this?
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2010, 14:25
I picked D initially too, missing the pronoun error of using "them" for "each employee"

C sounds good now
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2010, 15:20
C fellas...it's right. "them" is plural so it has to be "it"
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2010, 18:17
1
noboru: the correct idiom is "prohibit x from doing y"
But the problem with D is "them" can refer to company or employee.
Hence "C" is correct.

X PROHIBITS THAT Y BE Z = this is unidiomatic. "that" cannot be used for nouns which is used in this sentence (MGMAT SC - chapter on pronouns)
take it easy!
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2016, 07:04
2
A. prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies --> incorrect usage: "prohibit that x do y"
B. prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company --> "each employee" needs singular pronoun
C. prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company --> Correct idiom: "prohibit x from doing y"
D. that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies --> "each employee" needs singular pronoun
E. that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company --> "prohibit x to do y" is incorrect
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 20 May 2017, 09:46
2
3
In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purification method, the company required each employee to sign a confidentiality agreement prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies using an analogous purification process.

A. prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies
B. prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company
C. prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company
D. that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies
E. that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company

Originally posted by Chemerical71 on 03 Feb 2017, 10:31.
Last edited by broall on 20 May 2017, 09:46, edited 1 time in total.
Merged topic. Please search before posting question.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2017, 10:51
The underlined part should appropriately modify the AGREEMENT that the employees were made to sign.
Options D & E contain wrong tense form.
Among A,B, and C, only C is idiomatic.

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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2017, 15:00
1
I thought that prohibit was followed up with "from" whereas forbid was followed up with "to"
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2017, 21:15
I get that but where I'm lost is "disclosure of its water purification methods to any company"

Do you have any other examples where "to" comes after prohibit/prohibited/prohibiting similar to how it does above? The Kuwait example has the word "prior" splitting it
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2017, 21:27
1
CrackVerbalGMAT wrote:
DonnieDrastic wrote:
I thought that prohibit was followed up with "from" whereas forbid was followed up with "to"

When you say "prohibit from", the correct form of the idiom is -

"prohibit someone/something from something"

For example -
The court ordered the Bureau of Immigration to prohibit the accused from leaving the country.

Another way in which "prohibit" can be used is "prohibit something"

For example -
Kuwait was the only nation to prohibit the entry of Syrian nationals prior to Trump's executive action
Reddit's rules strictly prohibit revealing anybody's private personal information (Note here that "revealing ..." is a noun).

Let us look at the answer options -

Option A - Incorrect.
"prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies" - Note that "prohibit" does not take the command subjunctive.

Option B - Incorrect.
"them" is incorrect. "each employee" is singular.

Option C - Correct.
This uses the second form of the idiom - "prohibit X"
X = the noun phrase "disclosure of its water purification methods to any company"

Option D - Incorrect.
"that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies"

"them" is incorrect as "each employee" requires a singular pronoun.
"prohibit X from doing Y" is the correct idiom. "disclosing" should be used instead of "disclosure".
"would prohibit" - uses future in the past form "would". Implies that prohibition occurs some time after "signing". Illogical. Employees are prohibited from disclosing information as soon as they sign the agreement.

Option E - Incorrect.
Note that "prohibit + infinitive (to + Verb)" is not idiomatic.
"that would prohibit" is incorrect.

Hope this helps

Comprehensive explanation ..You deserve Kudos.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2017, 22:00
1
Top Contributor
DonnieDrastic wrote:
I get that but where I'm lost is "disclosure of its water purification methods to any company"

Do you have any other examples where "to" comes after prohibit/prohibited/prohibiting similar to how it does above? The Kuwait example has the word "prior" splitting it

Note that "to any company" - is a prepositional phrase. (to + Noun)
whereas an infinitive takes the form "to + Verb".

"prohibit" is not used with infinitives.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2017, 22:02
Ah that clears it up I understand now, I think

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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2017, 22:43
1st of all thought that C would be the answer. D has the pronoun ambiguity 'them'.But then really confused about to choose C as answer bcz prohibit must be followed by from.Why does the GMAT always try to give the bouncer to us??
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2018, 04:51
AjiteshArun , KarishmaB , hazelnut

I am still not clear from the above explainations what is wrong with D and E. Can anybody please explain?
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In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2018, 05:29
4
Prateek176 wrote:
AjiteshArun , KarishmaB , hazelnut

I am still not clear from the above explainations what is wrong with D and E. Can anybody please explain?
There are multiple ways to use prohibit:

(a) Prohibit can be followed directly by the thing you want to stop, in either noun or ing form. The noun/ing choice depends on the word you are looking to use. For example:
This agreement prohibits the disclosure of the company's methods.
This agreement prohibits disclosing the company's methods.

(b) Prohibit can be followed by (the person or thing that you want to stop from doing something) and from + the thing that you want stopped (in ing form). For example:
This agreement prohibits employees from disclosing the company's methods.

We cannot, however, complete prohibit with a to infinitive.
This agreement prohibits employees to disclose the company's methods.

That's why D and E are out. D uses prohibit from followed by a noun not in the ing form (disclosure instead of disclosing after from), and E uses prohibit to.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2018, 10:34
I chose D, later realizing that "each employee" and "them" have pronoun agreement error.
Thanks AjiteshArun, that is some useful info.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2018, 05:45
AjiteshArun - Amazing explanation on the actual idiomatic usages w.r.t. "prohibits". Thanks.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2019, 01:30
choice B is wrong because
prohibit them from THE DISCLOSING
the idiom is
prohibit them from DISCLOSING.

DOING in the pattern refer to "them" and dose not need THE. B is not idiomatic.
Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi &nbs [#permalink] 04 Jan 2019, 01:30

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