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In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi

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In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Apr 2019, 02:30
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A
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63% (01:28) correct 37% (01:30) wrong based on 987 sessions

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In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purification method, the company required each employee to sign a confidentiality agreement prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies using an analogous purification process.


(A) prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies

(B) prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company

(C) prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company

(D) that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies

(E) that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company

Originally posted by okdongdong on 10 Aug 2005, 04:13.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Apr 2019, 02:30, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2013, 23:26
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prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies ---- The use of the command subjunctive is not idiomatic when used with prohibit. (according to Ron)

prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company --- them -a plural is wrong to denote the singular each employee

prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company --- right choice

that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies— them - is again a problem

that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company--- prohibit cannot be coupled with an infinitive – to be disclosed -

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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2017, 19:55
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DonnieDrastic wrote:
I thought that prohibit was followed up with "from" whereas forbid was followed up with "to"


When you say "prohibit from", the correct form of the idiom is -

"prohibit someone/something from something"

For example -
The court ordered the Bureau of Immigration to prohibit the accused from leaving the country.

Another way in which "prohibit" can be used is "prohibit something"

For example -
Kuwait was the only nation to prohibit the entry of Syrian nationals prior to Trump's executive action
Reddit's rules strictly prohibit revealing anybody's private personal information (Note here that "revealing ..." is a noun).

Let us look at the answer options -

Option A - Incorrect.
"prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies" - Note that "prohibit" does not take the command subjunctive.

Option B - Incorrect.
"them" is incorrect. "each employee" is singular.

Option C - Correct.
This uses the second form of the idiom - "prohibit X"
X = the noun phrase "disclosure of its water purification methods to any company"

Option D - Incorrect.
"that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies"

"them" is incorrect as "each employee" requires a singular pronoun.
"prohibit X from doing Y" is the correct idiom. "disclosing" should be used instead of "disclosure".
"would prohibit" - uses future in the past form "would". Implies that prohibition occurs some time after "signing". Illogical. Employees are prohibited from disclosing information as soon as they sign the agreement.

Option E - Incorrect.
Note that "prohibit + infinitive (to + Verb)" is not idiomatic.
"that would prohibit" is incorrect.

Hope this helps
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2009, 18:21
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This is an idiom..Always use Prohibit from
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New post 23 Sep 2009, 12:08
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Eholm314 wrote:
This is an idiom..Always use Prohibit from

Idioms can have more than one form.
I think the correct answer choice here is C

(A) prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies
The subjunctive mode is not correct in these case, since this is not a suggestion or request.

(B) prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company
them has no antecedent

(C) prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company
nothing wrong with this one

(D) that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies
them has no antecedent


(E) that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company

the conditional would is incorrect in this case. I think that prohibit X is better than prohibit X to be Y
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New post 29 Jul 2010, 11:32
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(A) "prohibiting that X be Y......" is unidiomatic
(E) "prohibit X to be Y " is unidiomatic

prohibit X, where X is a noun (disclosure) is correct
or
prohibit person from.....doing something..

Hence C
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2011, 09:09
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B and D are rules out as the two have "them" while the sentence has 'each' which is singular. For E "a company" implies just one company. So E is out. Between A and C, C seems less wordy and awkward.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2011, 03:40
In D there is no antecedent for them as each employee becomes singular
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New post 17 Jun 2011, 04:01
toughmat wrote:
In D there is no antecedent for them as each employee becomes singular


Good point. We should not choose a statement just because it has a correct idiom usage.

****************
In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purification method, the company required each employee to sign a confidentiality agreement prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies using an analogous purification process.

prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies
I don't know how can I eliminate this. Maybe just because it is wordier than C and indirect too.
prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company
pronoun doesn't agree in number
prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company
agreement is prohibiting disclosure of company's water purification methods. Succinct and conveys the intended meaning. Correct.
that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies
pronoun doesn't agree in number
that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company
There is sense of uncertainty in this sentence.
********************
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New post 19 Dec 2015, 10:47
The phrase "prohibit sb from" should be followed by present participle.
Why is the answer c correct ? Because it is "prohibit something", the "to" modifies the disclosure, not to go with prohibit. Moreover, the disclosing sounds a little awkward
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2015, 20:43
The idiom is 'prohibit x from'; being a transitive verb, it takes an object immediately after. It would be ok, if it was 'prohibit X', where X could be any person, phenomenon or object pronouns such as him, her or them. B is wrong because the plural 'them' doesn't tally with the singular employee.

In C, the agreement is prohibiting a phenomenon namely 'disclosure'. Hence, it is correct.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2016, 08:04
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A. prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies --> incorrect usage: "prohibit that x do y"
B. prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company --> "each employee" needs singular pronoun
C. prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company --> Correct idiom: "prohibit x from doing y"
D. that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies --> "each employee" needs singular pronoun
E. that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company --> "prohibit x to do y" is incorrect
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New post 31 Jan 2017, 10:10
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daagh wrote:
prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies ---- The use of the command subjunctive is not idiomatic when used with prohibit. (according to Ron)

prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company --- them -a plural is wrong to denote the singular each employee

prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company --- right choice

that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies— them - is again a problem

that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company--- prohibit cannot be coupled with an infinitive – to be disclosed -




So no "to be" when we are using prohibit ? I do not understand why we consider A wrong
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New post 03 Feb 2017, 16:00
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I thought that prohibit was followed up with "from" whereas forbid was followed up with "to"
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New post 03 Feb 2017, 22:15
I get that but where I'm lost is "disclosure of its water purification methods to any company"

Do you have any other examples where "to" comes after prohibit/prohibited/prohibiting similar to how it does above? The Kuwait example has the word "prior" splitting it
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New post 03 Feb 2017, 23:00
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DonnieDrastic wrote:
I get that but where I'm lost is "disclosure of its water purification methods to any company"

Do you have any other examples where "to" comes after prohibit/prohibited/prohibiting similar to how it does above? The Kuwait example has the word "prior" splitting it


Note that "to any company" - is a prepositional phrase. (to + Noun)
whereas an infinitive takes the form "to + Verb".

"prohibit" is not used with infinitives.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2018, 05:51
AjiteshArun , KarishmaB , hazelnut

I am still not clear from the above explainations what is wrong with D and E. Can anybody please explain?
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New post 28 Jul 2018, 06:29
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Prateek176 wrote:
AjiteshArun , KarishmaB , hazelnut

I am still not clear from the above explainations what is wrong with D and E. Can anybody please explain?
There are multiple ways to use prohibit:

(a) Prohibit can be followed directly by the thing you want to stop, in either noun or ing form. The noun/ing choice depends on the word you are looking to use. For example:
This agreement prohibits the disclosure of the company's methods.
This agreement prohibits disclosing the company's methods.

(b) Prohibit can be followed by (the person or thing that you want to stop from doing something) and from + the thing that you want stopped (in ing form). For example:
This agreement prohibits employees from disclosing the company's methods.

We cannot, however, complete prohibit with a to infinitive.
This agreement prohibits employees to disclose the company's methods.

That's why D and E are out. D uses prohibit from followed by a noun not in the ing form (disclosure instead of disclosing after from), and E uses prohibit to.
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