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# In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi

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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
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This is an idiom..Always use Prohibit from
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Eholm314 wrote:
This is an idiom..Always use Prohibit from

Idioms can have more than one form.
I think the correct answer choice here is C

(A) prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies
The subjunctive mode is not correct in these case, since this is not a suggestion or request.

(B) prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company
them has no antecedent

(C) prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company
nothing wrong with this one

(D) that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies
them has no antecedent

(E) that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company

the conditional would is incorrect in this case. I think that prohibit X is better than prohibit X to be Y
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
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(A) "prohibiting that X be Y......" is unidiomatic
(E) "prohibit X to be Y " is unidiomatic

prohibit X, where X is a noun (disclosure) is correct
or
prohibit person from.....doing something..

Hence C
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
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B and D are rules out as the two have "them" while the sentence has 'each' which is singular. For E "a company" implies just one company. So E is out. Between A and C, C seems less wordy and awkward.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
In D there is no antecedent for them as each employee becomes singular
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
toughmat wrote:
In D there is no antecedent for them as each employee becomes singular

Good point. We should not choose a statement just because it has a correct idiom usage.

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In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purification method, the company required each employee to sign a confidentiality agreement prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies using an analogous purification process.

prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies
I don't know how can I eliminate this. Maybe just because it is wordier than C and indirect too.
prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company
pronoun doesn't agree in number
prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company
agreement is prohibiting disclosure of company's water purification methods. Succinct and conveys the intended meaning. Correct.
that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies
pronoun doesn't agree in number
that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company
There is sense of uncertainty in this sentence.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
The phrase "prohibit sb from" should be followed by present participle.
Why is the answer c correct ? Because it is "prohibit something", the "to" modifies the disclosure, not to go with prohibit. Moreover, the disclosing sounds a little awkward
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
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The idiom is 'prohibit x from'; being a transitive verb, it takes an object immediately after. It would be ok, if it was 'prohibit X', where X could be any person, phenomenon or object pronouns such as him, her or them. B is wrong because the plural 'them' doesn't tally with the singular employee.

In C, the agreement is prohibiting a phenomenon namely 'disclosure'. Hence, it is correct.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
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A. prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies --> incorrect usage: "prohibit that x do y"
B. prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company --> "each employee" needs singular pronoun
C. prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company --> Correct idiom: "prohibit x from doing y"
D. that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies --> "each employee" needs singular pronoun
E. that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company --> "prohibit x to do y" is incorrect
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
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daagh wrote:
prohibiting that its water purification methods be disclosed to companies ---- The use of the command subjunctive is not idiomatic when used with prohibit. (according to Ron)

prohibiting them from the disclosing of its water purification methods to any company --- them -a plural is wrong to denote the singular each employee

prohibiting disclosure of its water purification methods to any company --- right choice

that would prohibit them from disclosure of its water purification methods to companies— them - is again a problem

that would prohibit its water purification methods to be disclosed to a company--- prohibit cannot be coupled with an infinitive – to be disclosed -

So no "to be" when we are using prohibit ? I do not understand why we consider A wrong
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
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I thought that prohibit was followed up with "from" whereas forbid was followed up with "to"
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
I get that but where I'm lost is "disclosure of its water purification methods to any company"

Do you have any other examples where "to" comes after prohibit/prohibited/prohibiting similar to how it does above? The Kuwait example has the word "prior" splitting it
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
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DonnieDrastic wrote:
I get that but where I'm lost is "disclosure of its water purification methods to any company"

Do you have any other examples where "to" comes after prohibit/prohibited/prohibiting similar to how it does above? The Kuwait example has the word "prior" splitting it

Note that "to any company" - is a prepositional phrase. (to + Noun)
whereas an infinitive takes the form "to + Verb".

"prohibit" is not used with infinitives.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
AjiteshArun , KarishmaB , hazelnut

I am still not clear from the above explainations what is wrong with D and E. Can anybody please explain?
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Prateek176 wrote:
AjiteshArun , KarishmaB , hazelnut

I am still not clear from the above explainations what is wrong with D and E. Can anybody please explain?
There are multiple ways to use prohibit:

(a) Prohibit can be followed directly by the thing you want to stop, in either noun or ing form. The noun/ing choice depends on the word you are looking to use. For example:
This agreement prohibits the disclosure of the company's methods.
This agreement prohibits disclosing the company's methods.

(b) Prohibit can be followed by (the person or thing that you want to stop from doing something) and from + the thing that you want stopped (in ing form). For example:
This agreement prohibits employees from disclosing the company's methods.

We cannot, however, complete prohibit with a to infinitive.
This agreement prohibits employees to disclose the company's methods.

That's why D and E are out. D uses prohibit from followed by a noun not in the ing form (disclosure instead of disclosing after from), and E uses prohibit to.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
daagh Is the usage of any company is right?

isn't it should be any other company.
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Re: In an attempt to guarantee the security of its innovative water purifi [#permalink]
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Hi PrafulKashyap,

Good question, but no, I don't think that we can go for any other company.

Any company using an analogous purification process must be read as one unit. That is, using an analogous process already specifies the type of (other) company the sentence is referring to.

If we go with any other company using an analogous purification process, we'll end up saying that this company is one of the companies that use an analogous purification process. That is not the intended meaning, as analogous already means ~similar. The original company is not itself using a similar process. Let's say that it uses process X. Other companies may be using processes similar to X, but the original company is not using a process similar to X. It is using X.
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