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# In attempting to solve the problems caused by a lowering of

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Manager
Joined: 05 Dec 2014
Posts: 211
Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q48 V36
GPA: 3.54
Re: In attempting to solve the problems caused by a lowering of [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2017, 22:23
KevinRocci wrote:
kunaljain1701 wrote:
can u pls explain why variety of approaches needs a plural - include ?? subject of verb include is singular word -vareity and not plural word - approaches ; then y r we using include in the answer ?

Howdy Kunal,

I think EducationAisle did a nice job of explaining why we use "include" instead of "includes." Although it may appear like the "which" modifies "variety," it is actually modifying "approaches." I think this should make sense if you think about it logically. If you look at the list of the things after the "which," do they describe "variety?" Can those things modify and explain "variety?" Or does it make more sense for the list of things to describe "approaches?" It makes more sense that they items listed are explaining and giving further detail about "approaches" and not about "variety."

Does that make sense?

Hope so! Happy studying and best of luck! :D

Cheers,

Hi Kevin,

I know that a proportion of X/ percentage of X/ fraction of X- all these take plural forms. Example- proportion of women work. / X Percentage of students are all Cjinese.
So, for a variety of approaches, can we assume that a variety of X always take plural forms.
Intern
Joined: 18 Jan 2017
Posts: 40
In attempting to solve the problems caused by a lowering of [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2017, 18:32
TooLong150 wrote:
In attempting to solve the problems caused by a lowering of the price of oil, oil companies operating in the North Sea have taken a variety of approaches, which includes their reducing employment, using new technology to pump oil more efficiently from smaller fields, and finding innovative ways to cut the cost of building and operating platforms.

(A) which includes their reducing employment, using new technology to pump oil more efficiently
(B) which includes reducing employment, using new technology to be more efficient in pumping oil
(C) which include reducing employment, using new technology to pump oil more efficiently
(D) which include the reduction of employment, their using new technology to pump oil more efficiently
(E) including a reduction of employment, their use of new technology to be more efficient at pumping oil

Posting here, because other post does not have either OA or source.

We are looking at parallelism and subject verb agreement
(A) which includes their reducing employment, using new technology to pump oil more efficiently- incorrect subject verb agreement, incorrect parallelism, what does their refer to?
(B) which includes reducing employment, using new technology to be more efficient in pumping oil- incorrect subject verb agreement and meaning is changed in the phrase in red
(C) which include reducing employment, using new technology to pump oil more efficiently- correct subject verb agreement and parallelism is correct (reducing, using, finding)
(D) which include the reduction of employment, their using new technology to pump oil more efficiently-correct subject verb agreement but parallelism is incorrect
(E) including a reduction of employment, their use of new technology to be more efficient at pumping oil- parallelism is incorrect
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 343
Re: In attempting to solve the problems caused by a lowering of [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 02:55
TooLong150 wrote:
In attempting to solve the problems caused by a lowering of the price of oil, oil companies operating in the North Sea have taken a variety of approaches, which includes their reducing employment, using new technology to pump oil more efficiently from smaller fields, and finding innovative ways to cut the cost of building and operating platforms.

(A) which includes their reducing employment, using new technology to pump oil more efficiently
(B) which includes reducing employment, using new technology to be more efficient in pumping oil
(C) which include reducing employment, using new technology to pump oil more efficiently
(D) which include the reduction of employment, their using new technology to pump oil more efficiently
(E) including a reduction of employment, their use of new technology to be more efficient at pumping oil

Posting here, because other post does not have either OA or source.

C is correct but I want to add something
"which include" in C means "which contain"
the approach contain reducing, using, finding as a component. this is logic and correct

" including" in E mean "some of them are" . consider

many lessions, including english and math one , are good.
many lessions , some of which are english and math, are good.
Re: In attempting to solve the problems caused by a lowering of   [#permalink] 06 Dec 2017, 02:55

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