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In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and (

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In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and (  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2015, 08:32
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In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0), (b,0), and (x,y). If a>x>b>0>y, which of the following represents the area of that triangle?

A. (ay−by)/2
B. (ab−ay)/2
C. (by−ay)/2
D. (ay+by)/x
E. (a−b)/2y


Kudos for a correct solution.

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In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and (  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2015, 14:17
1
Praveengeol wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0), (b,0), and (x,y). If a>x>b>0>y, which of the following represents the area of that triangle?

A. (ay−by)/2
B. (ab−ay)/2
C. (by−ay)/2
D. (ay+by)/x
E. (a−b)/2y


Kudos for a correct solution.


Answer is A. Please correct if this is wrong.


As this is a forum that is based on discussion, just mentioning the answer without talking about how you approached the question is of no use to anyone. Please do mention your complete solution.

Classic question for assuming numbers for variables.

Let y=-1,b=1,x=3 and a=4

Thus the area of the triangle = (4-1)/2 = 1.5 square units.

Now based on the assumed values, analyse the options

A. (ay−by)/2 = -1.5 . Eliminate.
B. (ab−ay)/2 = 4 . Eliminate.
C. (by−ay)/2 = 1.5 . Keep.
D. (ay+by)/x = -5/3 . Eliminate.
E. (a−b)/2y = -1.5 . Eliminate.

C is the correct answer.
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Re: In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and (  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2015, 17:59
1
in the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0), (b,0), and (x,y). If a>x>b>0>y, which of the following represents the area of that triangle?

It is simplest here to plug in numbers that will satisfy y<0<b<x<a.
For example, -1<0<2<3<4

Only C satisfies the area of a triangle.

Answer:
C. (by−ay)/2
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Re: In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and (  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2015, 18:28
1
Answer is C

My approach:

The vertex (x, y) lies in the fourth quadrant while the other two vertices are on the x axis. The difference of abscissa gives the base while ordinate value (y) gives the height.
Ares = 1/2(base *height)= 1/2(by-ay)
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Re: In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and (  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2015, 22:47
2
Area of the triangle with vertices (x1, y1) , (x2, y2) , (x3, y3) =\(\frac{1}{2}\) [ (x2y3 -x3y2 ) - (x1y3 - x3y1 ) + (x1y2 -x2y1) ]

We are given vertices as (a,0), (b,0), and (x,y)

So area of triangle is = \(\frac{1}{2}\) [ (by -0 ) - (ay - 0 ) + ( 0 - 0) ]

thus we have area of triangle = \(\frac{(by−ay)}{2}\)
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Re: In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and (  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2015, 11:27
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3
Bunuel wrote:
In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0), (b,0), and (x,y). If a>x>b>0>y, which of the following represents the area of that triangle?

A. (ay−by)/2
B. (ab−ay)/2
C. (by−ay)/2
D. (ay+by)/x
E. (a−b)/2y


Kudos for a correct solution.


VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

The area of a triangle is (base)(height)/2, and this problem provides you enough to find a base and corresponding height. Since the y-coordinates of (a,0) and (b,0) are equal, you can tell that that is a horizontal line and serves nicely as your base. That base length, then, is a−b. Then for the height, since the y-coordinates of your base are 0, the value of y will tell you how far the third point ((x,y) is from the x-axis base. However, since you're told that y<0, you'll need to use −y as your height because the triangle cannot have a negative height. That means that (base)(height)/2=(a−b)(−y)/2. The numerator distributes to (−ay+by)/2, and then you can rearrange the addition in the numerator to get to the answer: (by−ay)/2.
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Re: In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and (  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2016, 19:26
Bunuel wrote:
In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0), (b,0), and (x,y). If a>x>b>0>y, which of the following represents the area of that triangle?

A. (ay−by)/2
B. (ab−ay)/2
C. (by−ay)/2
D. (ay+by)/x
E. (a−b)/2y


Kudos for a correct solution.


fastest way - assign values and test..
y<0 -suppose y=-2
b>0 - b=1
x=2
a=3

we have a triangle with base =2, height =2.
area thus must be 2.

A: y(a-b)/2 = -2(2)/2 = -2. negative area no.
B: a(b-y)/2 = 3(3)/2 = 4.5 - no.
C: y(b-a)/2 = -2(-2)/2 = 2. hold
D: y(a+b)/x = -2(4)/2 = -4. out
E: 2/-4 = -1/2 - negative so out.

only C works.
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Re: In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and (  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2017, 02:47
1
Bunuel wrote:
In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0), (b,0), and (x,y). If a>x>b>0>y, which of the following represents the area of that triangle?

A. (ay−by)/2
B. (ab−ay)/2
C. (by−ay)/2
D. (ay+by)/x
E. (a−b)/2y


Kudos for a correct solution.


Hi,

This question can be easily solved if we plot the diagram. Please refer attached diagram.

Base BA = a - b
Height XC = -y (because y<0)

Area = \(\frac{1}{2}*(a-b)*(-y) = \frac{by - ay }{2}\)

Thanks.
Attachments

Triangle_Coordinate.jpeg
Triangle_Coordinate.jpeg [ 8.23 KiB | Viewed 2506 times ]

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Re: In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and (  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2017, 20:58
Bunuel wrote:
In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0), (b,0), and (x,y). If a>x>b>0>y, which of the following represents the area of that triangle?

A. (ay−by)/2
B. (ab−ay)/2
C. (by−ay)/2
D. (ay+by)/x
E. (a−b)/2y


Kudos for a correct solution.


From this question we clearly know that (x, y) will be in the fourth quadrant- so we can just make a simple triangle such as (3,0) (5,0) and (4, -5) - furthermore we can just draw this triangle separately from our coordinate plane to further examine it an avoid confusion- in the scenario listed the height is simply 1/2 * 2 * 5= 10; yet, beyond plugging in numbers in the formulas given by the answer choices shouldn't the answer also be a positive real number? You cannot have a negative area within the context of the GMAT- well perhaps in quantum physics but anyways- the area must be a positive value Bunuel am I right about the value having to be positive?

Therefore

"C"
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Re: In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and (  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2017, 03:41
Nunuboy1994 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0), (b,0), and (x,y). If a>x>b>0>y, which of the following represents the area of that triangle?

A. (ay−by)/2
B. (ab−ay)/2
C. (by−ay)/2
D. (ay+by)/x
E. (a−b)/2y


Kudos for a correct solution.


From this question we clearly know that (x, y) will be in the fourth quadrant- so we can just make a simple triangle such as (3,0) (5,0) and (4, -5) - furthermore we can just draw this triangle separately from our coordinate plane to further examine it an avoid confusion- in the scenario listed the height is simply 1/2 * 2 * 5= 10; yet, beyond plugging in numbers in the formulas given by the answer choices shouldn't the answer also be a positive real number? You cannot have a negative area within the context of the GMAT- well perhaps in quantum physics but anyways- the area must be a positive value Bunuel am I right about the value having to be positive?

Therefore

"C"


The area obviously must be positive and it turns out to be.

The correct answer is \(\frac{(by−ay)}{2} = -y*\frac{(a-b)}{2} = -negative*positive = positive*positive = positive\).
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New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
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Re: In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and (  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2017, 05:35
My approach!

@Bunnel Please let me know if method is correct:

Vertices given (a,0), (b,0), (x,y)

I found the slope between all the points

Slope between (a, 0) and (b,0) = 0/b-a
Slope between (b,0) and (x,y) = y/x-b

Equate slopes =(b-a)(y) =by -ay
Area = by-ay/2

Thanks in advance!
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Re: In the coordinate plane, a triangle has vertices at (a,0),(b,0), and ( &nbs [#permalink] 11 Nov 2017, 05:35
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