GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Aug 2018, 03:37

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Prior to 1975, union efforts to organize public-sector

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 03 Apr 2013
Posts: 290
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Finance
Schools: Simon '20
GMAT 1: 740 Q50 V41
GPA: 3
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Prior to 1975, union efforts to organize public-sector  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Nov 2017, 23:15
Skywalker18 wrote:
Took 15 mins 30 seconds, including 5 mins to read. All correct


Hi..dude can you explain the questions 3,7, and 8? I don't know why this passage is causing so many problems for me. I've never seen questions that demand this deep and detailed thinking.
Also, please share how you read passages. DM me
_________________

Spread some love..Like = +1 Kudos :)

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 09 Nov 2017
Posts: 3
Prior to 1975, union efforts to organize public-sector  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Dec 2017, 11:05
GMATNinja,Could you please explain the answer for 2nd question
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 24 Jun 2012
Posts: 343
Location: Pakistan
Concentration: Strategy, International Business
GPA: 3.76
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Prior to 1975, union efforts to organize public-sector  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Dec 2017, 01:50
GMATNinja and @GMATNinhaTwo kindly explain question 7
Is this question implies that it was structural change that help rise in unionization in public sector but not in private sector?
_________________

Push yourself again and again. Don't give an inch until the final buzzer sounds. -Larry Bird
Success isn't something that just happens - success is learned, success is practiced and then it is shared. -Sparky Anderson
-S

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1897
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Prior to 1975, union efforts to organize public-sector  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jan 2018, 18:37
sananoor wrote:
GMATNinja and @GMATNinhaTwo kindly explain question 7
Is this question implies that it was structural change that help rise in unionization in public sector but not in private sector?

Quote:
7. The author implies that if the increase in the number of women in the work force and the impact of the women’s movement were the main causes of the rise in unionization of public-sector clerical workers, then

(A) more women would hold administrative positions in unions
(B) more women who hold political offices would have positive attitudes toward labor unions
(C) there would be an equivalent rise in unionization of private-sector clerical workers
(D) unions would have shown more interest than they have in organizing women
(E) the increase in the number of unionized public-sector clerical workers would have been greater than it has been

The third paragraph attempts to answer the question, "What accounts for this upsurge in unionization among clerical workers?":

    1) the increase in the number of women in the work force
    2) the impact of the women’s movement
    3) the structural change in the multi-occupational public-sector unions themselves

The key to question 7 lies in this portion: "The absence of any comparable increase in unionization among private-sector clerical workers, however, identifies the primary catalyst—the structural change in the multi-occupational public-sector unions themselves." In other words, because unionization did not increase among private-sector clerical workers, we can infer that the third reason was the primary cause. This implies that if unionization HAD increased among private-sector clerical workers, then the third reason would probably not have been the PRIMARY cause. So if reasons 1 and 2 were the main causes, we would expect "an equivalent rise in unionization of private-sector clerical workers." (C) is the best answer.

R999 wrote:
GMATNinja,Could you please explain the answer for 2nd question

Quote:
2. The author cites union efforts to achieve a fully unionized work force (line 13-19) [The strategic reasoning was based, first, on the concern that politicians and administrators might play off unionized against non-unionized workers, and, second, on the conviction that a fully unionized public work force meant power, both at the bargaining table and in the legislature.] in order to account for why

(A) politicians might try to oppose public-sector union organizing
(B) public-sector unions have recently focused on organizing women
(C) early organizing efforts often focused on areas where there were large numbers of workers
(D) union efforts with regard to public-sector clerical workers increased dramatically after 1975
(E) unions sometimes tried to organize workers regardless of the workers’ initial interest in unionization

Consider the preceding sentence: "Receptivity to unionization on the workers’ part was also a consideration, but when there were large numbers involved or the clerical workers were the only unorganized group in a jurisdiction, the multi-occupational unions would often try to organize them regardless of the workers’ initial receptivity." Why did the multi-occupational unions want to organize workers regardless of how receptive the workers were to unionization? In other words, why would the unions try to convince workers to join unions even if the workers weren't very interested in joining?

The highlighted sentence answers that very question. The unions feared that politicians and administrators might "play off" unionized against non-unionized workers (i.e. the politicians and administrators would rather let the two groups fight against each other and take advantage of their fighting rather than see the two groups consolidate into a single power). This concern would obviously go away if all workers were unionized, explaining why unions would want to unionize workers who weren't even receptive to the idea of unionization.

Furthermore, a fully unionized public work force meant more power at the bargaining table and in the legislature (i.e. influencing laws affecting workers). Again, this explains why unions would want to unionize all public workers.

So the highlighted portion seeks to explain why "unions sometimes tried to organize workers regardless of the workers’ initial interest in unionization", and choice (E) is the best answer.

I hope that helps!
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 08 Apr 2018
Posts: 11
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: Prior to 1975, union efforts to organize public-sector  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Aug 2018, 00:41
GMATNinja , GMATNinjaTwo

Please explain why the answer for Q3 is E.

I was stuck between A & E. Despite the first passage saying workers before 1970 were not enthusiastic about unions picked A. But now I am trying to understand how to actually arrive at option E.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 29 Aug 2017
Posts: 19
Re: Prior to 1975, union efforts to organize public-sector  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Aug 2018, 17:32
How can we infer option A in Q no 8
Re: Prior to 1975, union efforts to organize public-sector &nbs [#permalink] 12 Aug 2018, 17:32

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 26 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Prior to 1975, union efforts to organize public-sector

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.