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QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips

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QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 16: Sentence Correction


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Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

(A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

(B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

(C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

(D) Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

(E) Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips [#permalink]

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Quote:
(A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

Absolutely nothing jumps out at me with (A). Subject-verb agreement is fine, logic seems fine. *shrug*

I guess we'll keep (A).

Quote:
(B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

I'm really happy to see the word "which", because it's usually pretty straightforward. In this case, the phrase "which is due to an oversupply" is trying to modify "computer chips", and that makes absolutely no sense, partly because the computer chips themselves can't be caused by an oversupply, and partly because the subject-verb agreement is wrong ("chips... is"). Eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

"Which" can only be used to modify nouns, and the preceding phrase is a verb phrase, "have been sent plunging". Eliminate (C).

Quote:
(D) Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

This one is for you, warriorguy! Phrases that begin with "due to" can only modify nouns, not verbs. Here, have a couple of examples:

  • The game was postponed due to rain. --> Wrong, since the phrase "due to rain" modifies the verb phrase "was postponed." "Due to" phrases can only modify nouns.
  • Souvik's success on the GMAT was due to his hard work. --> Correct, since "due to his hard work" modifies the noun "success."

In (D), "due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply" presumably modifies the manufacturer, since that's the noun that follows. And that makes no sense at all: the manufacturer itself wasn't "due to plunging computer chip prices." (D) is gone.

Quote:
(E) Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging

This is just an uglier, wordier version of (D), with the same "due to" problem. Eliminate (E). (A) wins.
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Re: QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2017, 21:23
Can you please answer this question.
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Re: QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips [#permalink]

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what is wrong with D?
in option A,shouldn't "because" be followed by an "of"
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Re: QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips [#permalink]

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sandaki wrote:
what is wrong with D?
in option A,shouldn't "because" be followed by an "of"


In D, the idiom "Due to" can only be used to modify nouns

Ask yourself what is causing the manufacture to cut production? It's not computer chips (the noun) but the fact that an oversupply of computer chips has caused prices to plummet (a pharse, and therefore cannot be modified by Due to)

For A, the idiom "Because X did something, something else happens" is perfectly fine
"Because of X, Y" is also correct
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Re: QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2017, 10:48
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 16: Sentence Correction


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Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

(A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

(B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

(C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

(D) Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

(E) Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


due to can only be replaced by caused by
D and E out

both in B and C , which modifies computer chips and plunging . This modification is incorrect

a clear A
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Re: QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2017, 23:38
jwang516 wrote:
sandaki wrote:
what is wrong with D?
in option A,shouldn't "because" be followed by an "of"


In D, the idiom "Due to" can only be used to modify nouns

Ask yourself what is causing the manufacture to cut production? It's not computer chips (the noun) but the fact that an oversupply of computer chips has caused prices to plummet (a pharse, and therefore cannot be modified by Due to)

For A, the idiom "Because X did something, something else happens" is perfectly fine
"Because of X, Y" is also correct


"Due to" can only be used to modify nouns"
I missed that...thank you
Hatakekakashi wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 16: Sentence Correction


Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS


Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

(A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

(B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

(C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

(D) Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

(E) Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


due to can only be replaced by caused by
D and E out

both in B and C , which modifies computer chips and plunging . This modification is incorrect

a clear A


"due to can only be replaced by caused by" even then D works..even after replacing caused by,D is valid......
like jwang516 said, Due to has to modify a noun,that why D is wrong
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Re: QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 04:09
GMATNinja, @e-gmat, and mikemcgarry

Why are we using present perfect 'has sent prices plunging' ? Isn't the action of 'prices plunging' over?

Little confused with the usage of present perfect in this sentence.


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QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 17:52
https://gmatclub.com/forum/members/member-71830.html, I notice that send + noun + verb-ing. This structure is completely normal, and there is nothing to discuss here?
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QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips [#permalink]

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New post 01 Nov 2017, 17:55
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
(A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

Absolutely nothing jumps out at me with (A). Subject-verb agreement is fine, logic seems fine. *shrug* [/quote]




I notice that send + noun + verb-ing. This structure is completely normal, and there is nothing to discuss here?
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Re: QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips [#permalink]

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Shiv2016 wrote:
GMATNinja, @e-gmat, and mikemcgarry

Why are we using present perfect 'has sent prices plunging' ? Isn't the action of 'prices plunging' over?

Little confused with the usage of present perfect in this sentence.


Thanks

Hm, good question -- I'd never really even thought about the verb tenses here, mostly because we don't really have a choice. (A), (C), and (E) all use present perfect ("has/have sent prices plunging") to describe the price drop; (B) and (D) just turn the action into a noun, so the verb tense isn't an issue in those.

So my first thought is that the question doesn't even give us the option of using simple past tense, so there's no good reason to worry about the distinction between past tense and present perfect tense in this situation.

My second thought is that present perfect seems legit enough: if the manufacturer has just announced future production cuts, then it's reasonable to say that the oversupply continues to send prices plunging.

My less-useful third thought: there's actually a lot of grey area between past tense and present perfect tense, both in real life and on the GMAT. We have a habit of saying things like "I have visited Ukraine" in the present perfect, even though the action of visiting Ukraine happened in the past. I guess we say things like that to imply that either the consequences of that trip are ongoing in the present or (more likely) to suggest the possibility that I might return there. (Because... vareniki!)

It's not hard to come up with all sorts of similar cases, in which you could choose either simple past or present perfect, depending on your stylistic choices. Here's an official example about "dating fossils" -- in my opinion, the act of "dating" fossils should be past tense. But the official answer is in present perfect, presumably because that process of dating the fossils is an ongoing process of discovery, and scientists might eventually determine a different date. Or something like that.

The key, though, is that the GMAT won't force you to choose between present perfect and simple past unless the difference is crystal-clear. And in this particular question, the GMAT has written the question in a way that makes it a non-issue.

I hope this helps! Or at least helps you sleep at night, because that kinda got long and boring, and might put you right to sleep... :)
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Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
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Re: QOTD: Because an oversupply of computer chips   [#permalink] 09 Nov 2017, 13:43
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