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Responding to the publics fascination with-and sometimes

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Manager
Joined: 23 Dec 2013
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Re: Responding to the publics fascination with-and sometimes [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2017, 11:19
goalsnr wrote:
Responding to the public’s fascination with - and sometimes undue alarm over-possible threats from asteroids, a scale
developed by astronomers rates the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet may
collide with Earth.

A. a scale developed by astronomers rates the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet may
B. a scale that astronomers have developed rates how likely it is for a particular asteroid or comet to
C. astronomers have developed a scale to rate how likely a particular asteroid or comet will be to
D. astronomers have developed a scale for rating the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet will
E. astronomers have developed a scale that rates the likelihood of a particular asteroid or comet that may

A) The "scale" did not "respond"--the "astronomers" did.
B) The "scale" did not "respond"--the "astronomers" did.
C) The likeliness of a comet striking does not vary with time. It should be "how like a comet is" vs. "will be."
D) Correct.
E) "Of" cannot introduce a clause.
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Re: Responding to the publics fascination with-and sometimes [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2017, 03:10
Hey egmat

Based on this article below, can you help to distinguish between Option C and Option D?
http://gmatclub.com/forum/to-verb-vs-fo ... 44017.html

According to the article, option C makes sense because the scale was developed for the purpose of rating the likelihood....
So there is a clear intent, hence "to+verb" makes sense here.

Can you help me understand where I am going wrong?
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Re: Responding to the publics fascination with-and sometimes [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2017, 11:57
pikolo2510 wrote:
Hey egmat

Based on this article below, can you help to distinguish between Option C and Option D?
http://gmatclub.com/forum/to-verb-vs-fo ... 44017.html

According to the article, option C makes sense because the scale was developed for the purpose of rating the likelihood....
So there is a clear intent, hence "to+verb" makes sense here.

Can you help me understand where I am going wrong?

Hey egmat,

Can you please clear this doubt? Even I am having the same query.

Thanks.
-Varun
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Responding to the publics fascination with-and sometimes [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2017, 12:40
pikolo2510 wrote:
Hey egmat

Based on this article below, can you help to distinguish between Option C and Option D?
http://gmatclub.com/forum/to-verb-vs-fo ... 44017.html

According to the article, option C makes sense because the scale was developed for the purpose of rating the likelihood....
So there is a clear intent, hence "to+verb" makes sense here.

Can you help me understand where I am going wrong?

C. astronomers have developed a scale to rate how likely a particular asteroid or comet will be to
D. astronomers have developed a scale for rating the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet will
E. astronomers have developed a scale that rates the likelihood of a particular asteroid or comet that may

The problem is not about "to rate", "for rating" or "that rates". They are all OK.

The problem with C: "How likely" is used with "is", not "will".
The problem with D : "the likelihood that something WILL happen, not MAY happen "
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Last edited by Scorpi0n on 22 Oct 2017, 01:05, edited 2 times in total.
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Responding to the publics fascination with-and sometimes [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2017, 00:21
For those who are confused between the options C and D, please read the Ron's explanation below,

Responding to the public’s fascination with-and sometimes undue alarm over-possible threats from asteroids, a scale developed by astronomers rates the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet may collide with Earth.
C. astronomers have developed a scale to rate how likely a particular asteroid or comet will be to
D. astronomers have developed a scale for rating the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet will

In choosing between C and D, first consider the intended meaning. We're interested in the current likelihood that the comet/asteroid will strike Earth in the future..
In other words, How likely is it NOW that a comet/asteroid WILL STRIKE Earth?

This distinction comes into play when you look at the verbs in C and D. Different verbs.

C mentions "how likely a comet/asteroid will be". Nope. The likelihood is something that exists now, not in the future. (That's the definition of "likelihood": How probable does this event seem right now?
There's no "future likelihood" here. In the future, the event either happens or doesn't happen.)

D mentions the likelihood (as measured at present) that a comet/asteroid will collide (in the future) with Earth. That makes sense.
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Re: Responding to the publics fascination with-and sometimes [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2017, 07:23
goalsnr wrote:
Responding to the public’s fascination with - and sometimes undue alarm over-possible threats from asteroids, a scale
developed by astronomers rates the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet may
collide with Earth.

A. a scale developed by astronomers rates the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet may
B. a scale that astronomers have developed rates how likely it is for a particular asteroid or comet to
C. astronomers have developed a scale to rate how likely a particular asteroid or comet will be to
D. astronomers have developed a scale for rating the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet will
E. astronomers have developed a scale that rates the likelihood of a particular asteroid or comet that may

we can eliminate c because "will be to collide" dose not exist in english. we can eliminate e because "likelihood of particular asteroid " is not logic.

but I want to say about "to rate" and "for rating" and "that rates " in choice c,d and e.

"to rate " can be used to show a purpose of a main verb.
for rating can be used to show a purpose of a noun.
so both "to rate" and "for rating" happen in grammar. but which one is more logic.

using our common sense of this world, we can sense that "for rating" modifying noun is more logic than "to rate' modifying the main verb.

but another thing happen here. "noun to do" also exist in english, "to do" modifying noun. so, when to use 'noun to do" and when to use "noun for doing". this point is idiomatic.

I think there is a high point of grammar here.
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Re: Responding to the publics fascination with-and sometimes [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2017, 07:28
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goalsnr wrote:
Responding to the public’s fascination with - and sometimes undue alarm over-possible threats from asteroids, a scale developed by astronomers rates the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet may collide with Earth.

A. a scale developed by astronomers rates the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet may
B. a scale that astronomers have developed rates how likely it is for a particular asteroid or comet to
C. astronomers have developed a scale to rate how likely a particular asteroid or comet will be to
D. astronomers have developed a scale for rating the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet will
E. astronomers have developed a scale that rates the likelihood of a particular asteroid or comet that may

Options A and B can be quickly eliminated because of the modifier error as " a scale" did not respond to the public's fascination.

In choosing between C and D, first consider the intended meaning. We're interested in the current likelihood that the comet/asteroid will strike Earth in the future..
In other words, How likely is it NOW that a comet/asteroid WILL STRIKE Earth?

This distinction comes into play when you look at the verbs in C and D. Different verbs.

C mentions "how likely a comet/asteroid will be". Nope. The likelihood is something that exists now, not in the future. (That's the definition of "likelihood": How probable does this event seem right now?
There's no "future likelihood" here. In the future, the event either happens or doesn't happen.)

D mentions the likelihood (as measured at present) that a comet/asteroid will collide (in the future) with Earth. That makes sense.

The last choice E refers to "the likelihood of an asteroid or comet". That doesn't make sense; a physical object doesn't have a "likelihood". We can only talk about the likelihood that something will happen.

Thus, choice D is the answer.
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Re: Responding to the publics fascination with-and sometimes [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2017, 18:57
A quick way..to distinguish C/D/E

C. astronomers have developed a scale to rate how likely a particular asteroid or comet will be to
Have you ever read/heard anyone say "will be to"? Nope..yea that's because it's purely ungrammatical.
D. astronomers have developed a scale for rating the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet will
likelihood that a particular asteroid = any potential asteroid (that's coming to get us!)
E. astronomers have developed a scale that rates the likelihood of a particular asteroid or comet that may
likelihood of a particular asteriod = we are only looking at 1 asteroid - KSPHMD1337. Astronomers from MIT are probably smarter than that and it is highly unlikely that they will make a scale JUST to measure 1 asteroid......unless it's the one in The Expanse.
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Re: Responding to the publics fascination with-and sometimes [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2017, 06:07
In option C is "will be to collide" right way to use ? Isn't it awkward ? Some say answer is C and some say D. Can you please shed some light ? Thanks
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Re: Responding to the publics fascination with-and sometimes [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2017, 23:41
Hey. I am confused between D and E.
Can someone please explain what the OA is and why?
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Re: Responding to the publics fascination with-and sometimes [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2017, 23:59
The OA is definitely D. aceGMAT21 covers C/D/E very capably, but if you have further questions, ask away.
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19 Dec 2017, 16:20
Responding to the public's fascination with-and sometimes undue alarm over-possible threats from asteroids, a scale developed by astronomers rates the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet may collide with Earth.

(A) a scale developed by astronomers rates the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet may
(B) a scale that astronomers have developed rates how likely it is for a particular asteroid or comet to
(C) astronomers have developed a scale to rate how likely a particular asteroid or comet will be to
(D) astronomers have developed a scale for rating the likelihood that a particular asteroid or comet will
(E) astronomers have developed a scale that rates the likelihood of a particular asteroid or comet that may
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19 Dec 2017, 16:22
Can you please explain the correct answer. I learned that the test writers generally frown upon mid-sentence -ing verbs. Can you please clarify.

Thank You
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19 Dec 2017, 17:01
D looks best. A and B can be eliminated as the modifier responding to must modify astronomers. C is awkward.E comet that may is incorrect I think.

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19 Dec 2017, 18:00
Likely already shows uncertainty. May is redundant in such case. Likely + will is correct.
D.

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Re: GMAT PREP- Asteroid Question - Please Explain   [#permalink] 19 Dec 2017, 18:00

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