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Some studies of how it was that Prussia resisted the wave of European

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Some studies of how it was that Prussia resisted the wave of European  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2018, 06:14
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Another CR question presented in IR GMAT prep pack.
Please see image attached that has the OA too.

I thought there was a fine line between my answers and the correct ones but obviously I'm missing the explanation. Can the experts elaborate?

Thanks in advance.
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Re: Some studies of how it was that Prussia resisted the wave of European  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2018, 02:44
Can any expert help? I chose option A and E. The correct answers are EC. I think the boldface does not criticize, it rather encourages historians not to approach a particular historical event from too narrow a perspective.
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Re: Some studies of how it was that Prussia resisted the wave of European  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 11:05
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jack0997 wrote:
Can any expert help? I chose option A and E. The correct answers are EC. I think the boldface does not criticize, it rather encourages historians not to approach a particular historical event from too narrow a perspective.

jack0997 how are you...apologies from the club to get back to you so late...lemme try to presnet my reasoning :

arguent:
1) some studies....as principal explanation" - in this sentence the author states a FACT that some studies point towards an aspect to expalain a phenomenon..phenomen-resistance to demo ..aspect-land ownership...the author states that the studies think that land ownership is the pirmary explanation for prusia's resistsance...THIS IS A FACT
2)"political figure...reforms" - author cites another FACT that the political figures deom areas(areas that had highly unequal land ownership)tended to be opponents of demo - THIS IS FACT
so far so good...author firsd tells us that some studies think that resistyance could be explained by land owneership...this is supported by the fact political figure FROM AREAS WHICH HAD UNEQUAL LAND WONERSHIP ...
3)HOWEVER..refoems" - contrast... the moment i read "some studies" i knew that author is going to qualify the implications of the study... the author raises a consideration that other aspects such as context are also important and hence argunmets depending solely upon one aspect are limited...author is not in agreement with the narrow scope of the study. then he concludes that a historians mus also account for the context in whihc certain events take place...

now purpose- why is author writing this passage?? to presnet the results of the study??? nope...the intentio of the author is to raise a consideration which should be taken into consideration and concludes by recommedning the historians to look at other aspects too

why not C? the author does criticize an argument which solely bases its conclusion on narrow aspects but is that what his main intention is??? author first criticeses about tyhe narrow scope and then he SUGGESTS the historians to consider other aspects to...look athe conclusion ...that is what author is trying to say...the criticism is how he inititates his argument but the purpose is to suggest to be more appreciative of other aspects

BOLD FACE:
author in the bold face tells us that the arguments base their opinion on naroow aspect...now this is a limitation of the argument which the author opposes and hence option C is right..
why not A? first of all author never presents an alternative to a STANDARD EXPLANATION...he only states that the conclsuion of the agrument is based on narrow aspects ...but he never presents any LATERNATIVE to an explanataion...
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Re: Some studies of how it was that Prussia resisted the wave of European  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2018, 08:12
The first thing to do is identify the various sections of the passage as argument vs facts, premise vs counter premise and the conclusion - primary strategy from CR bible

The two important parts of the passage that the question stem targets are these:

Counter-premise - “however, arguments that focus only” .... also happens to be the boldface section
Conclusion: Historians must take such contexts into account ...

So going back to the question stem:

The first question asks for the main point of the passage - so focus on the conclusion - It clearly states that historians should consider alternative views - Answer E

Boldface Argument Part - the bolded section only provides an opinion and there’s no fact, if anything this is more of an argument against hence a counter premise (idea counter to the argument) - Answer C

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Re: Some studies of how it was that Prussia resisted the wave of European   [#permalink] 22 Dec 2018, 08:12
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