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Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly

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Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2018, 23:27
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Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (01:54) correct 27% (02:26) wrong based on 63 sessions

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Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly guess which of five options is correct. After each guess, a new set of five options is presented. A player’s turn continues as long as the player answers correctly. A player’s turn ends the first time the player guesses incorrectly. What is the probability a player’s turn will end after the player guesses three times?

(A) 0.008
(B) 0.032
(C) 0.128
(D) 0.488
(E) 0.512

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Re: Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2018, 23:28
Bunuel wrote:
Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly guess which of five options is correct. After each guess, a new set of five options is presented. A player’s turn continues as long as the player answers correctly. A player’s turn ends the first time the player guesses incorrectly. What is the probability a player’s turn will end after the player guesses three times?

(A) 0.008
(B) 0.032
(C) 0.128
(D) 0.488
(E) 0.512


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Re: Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2018, 00:12
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Bunuel wrote:
Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly guess which of five options is correct. After each guess, a new set of five options is presented. A player’s turn continues as long as the player answers correctly. A player’s turn ends the first time the player guesses incorrectly. What is the probability a player’s turn will end after the player guesses three times?

(A) 0.008
(B) 0.032
(C) 0.128
(D) 0.488
(E) 0.512


IMO B.

The probability of a right guess = 1/5 ( 0.2 )
The probability of a wrong guess = 4/5 ( 0.8)

For the chance of a player to end after three guesses .. his or her third guess must be wrong AND his or her first two guesses must be right.

The probability of that is ->

(0.2)*(0.2)*(0.8) = 0.032
G1 G2 G3

Hence B.

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Re: Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2018, 18:47
Bunuel wrote:
Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly guess which of five options is correct. After each guess, a new set of five options is presented. A player’s turn continues as long as the player answers correctly. A player’s turn ends the first time the player guesses incorrectly. What is the probability a player’s turn will end after the player guesses three times?

(A) 0.008
(B) 0.032
(C) 0.128
(D) 0.488
(E) 0.512


The player's turn ended after 3 guesses, therefore he/she must guessed the first 2 right and the 3rd one wrong.
The probability to guess the question right: \(\frac{1}{5}\)
The probability to guess the question wrong: \(\frac{4}{5}\)

Since the turn will end immediately if the student answer incorrectly, the wrong answer must be in question 3 (no need to take order of arrangement into consideration)

\(P = \frac{1}{5}*\frac{1}{5}*\frac{4}{5} = \frac{4}{125}\)

\(\frac{4}{100}\) = 0.04, therefore \(\frac{4}{125}\) should be a little less than 0.04 => (B)
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Re: Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2018, 09:49

Solution:



Given:

    • The player needs to randomly guess one of five options.

    • After each guess, a new set of 5 options come up.

    • The game ends when the player guesses incorrectly.

Working out:

We need to find out the probability that the game ends after 3 turns.

Analysis of the guessing game:

    • Total options = 5

    • Correct option = 1

    • Probability of getting the correct guess = \(1/5 = 0.2\)

For the game to end after 3 turns, the following is the only possibility.

    • Turn1: Correct guess

    • Turn 2: Correct guess

    • Turn 3: Incorrect guess.

P (Game ending after 3 turns) = P (Correctly guess the first question) * P (Correctly guess the second question) * P (Incorrectly guesses the third question)

Or, P (Game ending after 3 turns) = \(1/5 * 1/5 * 4/5 = 4/ 125\)

Or, \(4/125 = 0.032\)

Answer: Option B
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Re: Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2018, 10:34
Bunuel wrote:
Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly guess which of five options is correct. After each guess, a new set of five options is presented. A player’s turn continues as long as the player answers correctly. A player’s turn ends the first time the player guesses incorrectly. What is the probability a player’s turn will end after the player guesses three times?

(A) 0.008
(B) 0.032
(C) 0.128
(D) 0.488
(E) 0.512


The probability that a turn ends after guessing 3 times is 1/5 x 1/5 x 4/5 = 4/125 = 0.032.

Answer: B
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Re: Students are playing a guessing game in which a player must randomly   [#permalink] 28 Mar 2018, 10:34
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