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Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best

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Manager
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Joined: 30 Dec 2015
Posts: 90

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 153

GPA: 3.92
WE: Engineering (Aerospace and Defense)
Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2016, 19:25
Mishari wrote:
Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best and most useful ideas only after doodling and jotting down what turn out to be outlandish ideas. Now that many engineers do their work with computers instead of on paper, however, doodling is becoming much less common, and some experts fear that the result will be fewer creative and useful engineering ideas. These experts argue that this undesirable consequence would be avoided if computer programs for engineering work included simulated notepads that would allow engineers to suspend their “serious” work on the computer, type up outlandish ideas, and then quickly return to their original work.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the experts’ reasoning depends?

(A) Most creative engineers who work with paper and pencil spend about as much time doodling as they spend on what they consider serious work.

(B) Simulated notepads would not be used by engineers for any purpose other than typing up outlandish ideas.

(C) No engineers who work with computers keep paper and pencil near their computers in order to doodle and jot down ideas.

(D) The physical act of working on paper is not essential in providing engineers with the benefits that can be gained by doodling.

(E) Most of the outlandish ideas engineers jot down while doodling are later incorporated into projects that have practical applications.


Can someone explain why using negation will not render C the right answer?

Negation of C:
Engineers who work with computers keep paper and pencil near their computers in order to doodle and jot down ideas.
This itself destroys the conclusion.
_________________

If you analyze enough data, you can predict the future.....its calculating probability, nothing more!

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 153

Manager
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Joined: 21 Jul 2016
Posts: 55

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 49

Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
WE: Other (Computer Software)
Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2016, 02:51
D is the correct answer.

Conclusion: this undesirable consequence would be avoided if computer programs for engineering work included simulated notepads that would allow engineers to suspend their “serious” work on the computer, type up outlandish ideas, and then quickly return to their original work

Premise: some experts fear that the result will be fewer creative and useful engineering ideas

The premise is also an intermediate conclusion over her. This identification is crucial in the first step.

Now, simulated notepad can work in place of paper based notepads; this can be only true assuming, end result, which is getting useful engineering ideas, does involve same advantages or creativity boost for getting ideas. If, the mind works differently using 2 approaches, conclusion will not hold true. D bridges or covers this missing point.

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 49

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Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2017, 19:42
Seems like there are still a few of us that doesn't get why C doesn't work. Let's try to rectify that.

(C) No engineers who work with computers keep paper and pencil near their computers in order to doodle and jot down ideas.

There are a couple of reasons why this doesn't work, as temping as (C) is.
1. First of all "doodling is becoming much less common" is a fact provided by the argument. So even if there are a lot of engineers that keep pencil and paper ready, they wouldn't be doodling simply because they are too used to be on the computer all the time. The facts of the argument supports this indirectly.

2. Extreme answer. "No engineers" does the argument need to assume absolutely 0 engineers in the world has pens and paper beside them? It's possible but doesn't seem likely or more importantly, REASONABLE. GMAT arguments make reasonable assumptions.

3. If you are still not convinced, let's pull out the oldest trick in the book - NEGATION. The negation of (C) is Some engineers who work with computers.... How many is some? 2? 200? 5 million? Let's also put in (1) here, we know not MANY people doodle. So some here is most likely a SMALL number which may in a very SMALL scale weakens the argument.

But (D) provides a much more powerful assumption and that's why it wins.

I almost picked (C). Remember..when you get to the last choices..you need to think critically and fiercely examine the DIFFERENCE between the contender and the right answer.
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Insanity at its finest.

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 9

Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best   [#permalink] 07 Oct 2017, 19:42

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