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I think its D.
If some physical work is essential to get benefits out of the doodling...then the nodepad stuff is not enough.
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Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best [#permalink]
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Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best and most useful ideas only after doodling and jotting down what turn out to be outlandish ideas. Now that many engineers do their work with computers instead of on paper, however, doodling is becoming much less common, and some experts fear that the result will be fewer creative and useful engineering ideas. These experts argue that this undesirable consequence would be avoided if computer programs for engineering work included simulated notepads that would allow engineers to suspend their “serious” work on the computer, type up outlandish ideas, and then quickly return to their original work.
If engineers have simulated notepads that replace paper doodling the undesirable consequence (loss of creative thinking) can be avoided.
Which one of the following is an assumption on which the experts’ reasoning depends?

(A) Most creative engineers who work with paper and pencil spend about as much time doodling as they spend on what they consider serious work. Out of scope - argument is about simulated notepads, and not about time

(B) Simulated notepads would not be used by engineers for any purpose other than typing up outlandish ideas.
Whether or not the simulated notepads are used for purposes in addition to typing up outlandish ideas is out of scope
(C) No engineers who work with computers keep paper and pencil near their computers in order to doodle and jot down ideas. The question is whether or not the simulated pad can be a substitute for paper and pencil. The presence or absence of paper and pencil near the computer is not relevant.

(D) The physical act of working on paper is not essential in providing engineers with the benefits that can be gained by doodling.

(E) Most of the outlandish ideas engineers jot down while doodling are later incorporated into projects that have practical applications.What becomes of the outlandish ideas is irrelevant
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Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best [#permalink]
Mishari wrote:
Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best and most useful ideas only after doodling and jotting down what turn out to be outlandish ideas. Now that many engineers do their work with computers instead of on paper, however, doodling is becoming much less common, and some experts fear that the result will be fewer creative and useful engineering ideas. These experts argue that this undesirable consequence would be avoided if computer programs for engineering work included simulated notepads that would allow engineers to suspend their “serious” work on the computer, type up outlandish ideas, and then quickly return to their original work.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the experts’ reasoning depends?

(A) Most creative engineers who work with paper and pencil spend about as much time doodling as they spend on what they consider serious work.

(B) Simulated notepads would not be used by engineers for any purpose other than typing up outlandish ideas.

(C) No engineers who work with computers keep paper and pencil near their computers in order to doodle and jot down ideas.

(D) The physical act of working on paper is not essential in providing engineers with the benefits that can be gained by doodling.

(E) Most of the outlandish ideas engineers jot down while doodling are later incorporated into projects that have practical applications.


Can someone explain why using negation will not render C the right answer?

Negation of C:
Engineers who work with computers keep paper and pencil near their computers in order to doodle and jot down ideas.
This itself destroys the conclusion.
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Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best [#permalink]
colorblind wrote:
Mishari wrote:
Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best and most useful ideas only after doodling and jotting down what turn out to be outlandish ideas. Now that many engineers do their work with computers instead of on paper, however, doodling is becoming much less common, and some experts fear that the result will be fewer creative and useful engineering ideas. These experts argue that this undesirable consequence would be avoided if computer programs for engineering work included simulated notepads that would allow engineers to suspend their “serious” work on the computer, type up outlandish ideas, and then quickly return to their original work.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the experts’ reasoning depends?

(A) Most creative engineers who work with paper and pencil spend about as much time doodling as they spend on what they consider serious work.

(B) Simulated notepads would not be used by engineers for any purpose other than typing up outlandish ideas.

(C) No engineers who work with computers keep paper and pencil near their computers in order to doodle and jot down ideas.

(D) The physical act of working on paper is not essential in providing engineers with the benefits that can be gained by doodling.

(E) Most of the outlandish ideas engineers jot down while doodling are later incorporated into projects that have practical applications.


Can someone explain why using negation will not render C the right answer?

Negation of C:
Engineers who work with computers keep paper and pencil near their computers in order to doodle and jot down ideas.
This itself destroys the conclusion.


Hey colorblind - good question!
Your negation isn't accurate - the negation of no engineers is some engineers - that is, it could be even one or two engineers. This negation is not enough - if only one engineer has a notepad, this does not weaken the claim.
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Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best [#permalink]
Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best and most useful ideas only after doodling and jotting down what turn out to be outlandish ideas. Now that many engineers do their work with computers instead of on paper, however, doodling is becoming much less common, and some experts fear that the result will be fewer creative and useful engineering ideas. These experts argue that this undesirable consequence would be avoided if computer programs for engineering work included simulated notepads that would allow engineers to suspend their “serious” work on the computer, type up outlandish ideas, and then quickly return to their original work.

Creative -> Only after doodling and jotting out
Switching from working on paper to computer -> doodling less common -> fewer creative and useful ideas
(C) That will not be the case: If Simulated notepads provided -> more creative and useful ideas

What is the GAP here? There are two rogue information in the (P) and the (C): Paper Notepads and Simulated Notepads.
What is the relationship between Simulated Notepads and paper notepads?



Which one of the following is an assumption on which the experts’ reasoning depends?

Quote:
(A) Most creative engineers who work with paper and pencil spend about as much time doodling as they spend on what they consider serious work.

The comparison is irrelevant. How does it explain that doodling on simulated notepads will work? (A) is out.
Quote:
(B) Simulated notepads would not be used by engineers for any purpose other than typing up outlandish ideas.

This might be true but does not necessarily has to be true. The engineers can use the notepads for whatever purposes they want. As long as using it -> more creative idea. (B) is out
Quote:
(C) No engineers who work with computers keep paper and pencil near their computers in order to doodle and jot down ideas.

Because none of them has paper and pencil, they cannot doodle or jot down ideas. The only choice that they have is to use the simulated notepads; however, whether the simulated notepads are going to increase their creative ideas is not justified. The absent of a plan does not make the other plan any better.
Quote:
(D) The physical act of working on paper is not essential in providing engineers with the benefits that can be gained by doodling.

This eliminate the possibility that without paper -> no creativity. This gives a light to the simulated notepads which are likely to work because the act of doodling on paper is not the reason to their creativity. Perhaps they themselves are the key to it. Hang on to this.
Quote:
(E) Most of the outlandish ideas engineers jot down while doodling are later incorporated into projects that have practical applications.

The reasoning is only concerned whether the simulated notepads are going to work. Its practical applications are irrelevant.

(D) is the only thing left. (D) is our answer.
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Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best [#permalink]
Good Qn. People fall for C but "no engineers" is not necessary. What if 1 or 2 engineers (out of 100) do? Would the argument fall apart? No.
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Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best [#permalink]
Essentially why C is not the answer -
(C) No engineers who work with computers keep paper and pencil near their computers in order to doodle and jot down ideas.
Negated C: Some (not no engineers) engineers who work with computers keep paper and pencil near their computers in order to doodle and jot down ideas.
The argument still stands with the negated C statement. So it cannot be an assumption.
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Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best [#permalink]
Just have a look at the flow of the question.

It starts emphasizing 'doodling' and 'jotting down' followed by a number of facts and ends stating about 'jotting down' (type the ideas).
BUT how do i get the ideas from ? It's the doodling you missed out.


Option C says- why don't you keep paper and pencil while you are working ? Ahh ! The problem is how do i work then.

Option D says- you don't need a paper to doodle. Great !

In case you are interested to know the fact- doodling (reminds me of drawing random sketches sitting at the last bench in school) actually helps you to focus and be creative.
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Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best [#permalink]
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Re: Studies show that the most creative engineers get their best [#permalink]
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