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# The bricks that were used

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The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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Updated on: 08 Jul 2015, 22:01
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The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians.

Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying

Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey

Wappocomo, manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River and journeying

Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, and journeying

Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeyed

Can someone explain this question pls?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Originally posted by target2015 on 08 Jul 2015, 06:39.
Last edited by target2015 on 08 Jul 2015, 22:01, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2015, 10:05
IMO E ... although I don't know what the word journey is doing ... Please provide OA
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The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2015, 22:05
Hi roopika, the OA is indeed E.
But I'm not sure about the usage of ",which"- I think this actually modifies the element immediately preceding it, i.e. in this case "West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo" and not "the bricks"(the intended element). Could you please clarify on this?
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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2015, 03:50
Can someone explain why E is the answer?
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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2015, 04:05
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1)Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying
-"journeying" makes this sentence a fragment.
2)Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey-Sounds incorrect as bricks "journey" by themselves.
3)Wappocomo, manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River and journeying-Again a fragment
4)Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, and journeying- a fragment

5)Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeyed-A complete sentence,sounds the best amongst all

Looking for a better explanation though!
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The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2015, 17:54
Why can't (A) be correct in that "journeying...." is an absolute phrase?

So, rearranging choice (A):

"Journeying in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, the bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River."

Simplifying further....

"Journeying....(absolute phrase), the bricks that were used in X were manufactured in Y and used as Z. (A) sounds perfectly fine to me.

Whereas, with (E), "which" refers to "West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo" instead of "bricks". (E) seems wrong, per GMAT rules...
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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2015, 23:05
In E.. "which" and the "bricks" which were manufactured are miles away...It is possible to omit the prepositional phrases though..

In A agreed that the word "journeying" does not essentially modify the preceding clause but its the best among the rest..

Looking forward to the OE though I found this question here..

http://www.gmatfree.com/module-62/trave ... lanation=1

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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2015, 23:57
Meaning is the key to unravel this passage.

The intent of the text is to bring out that the bricks were made in England and were used as ballasts in ships, before they were transported in bullock carts. Choice A perhaps brings out this intent well, relegating the transportation part to a secondary modifier role. On the other hand, E considers journeying in bullock carts as the main factor by according it the main verb while pushing the English manufacture and the ballast usage to a subordinate role.
2. Choice B is a run-on
3. The phrase ‘and journeying’ in C and D, renders these choices unparallel and fragments
4. Choices and D and E flout the relative- pronoun rule blatantly; it is difficult to imagine that a pronoun posited somewhere in the middle of a sentence can modify something in the beginning of the sentence, skipping several other eligible nouns on the way.
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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2015, 11:06
how can it be E? Does not 'which' modify Wappacomo?
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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2015, 13:43
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E. Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeyed

Which modifies the noun "The bricks that were used" in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of ...
what follows after used is just a prepositional modifier. This is a perfect example of how sometimes we have to go back to the un-underlined part of the sentence to make sure the preceeding word before "which" is actually a noun.

I fell for the wrong answer trying to solve this too quickly.
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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2015, 13:48
Please correct me if I am wrong, but per GMAT english, "which" MUST modify the immediately preceding noun only. I have often come across this rule.

Would appreciate if anyone could elaborate further on A vs. E.
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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2016, 13:53
I agree with many members on the topic of ,which.

GMAT reserves ,which to modify the adjacent noun. In this case it is est Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo. So this OA is debatable. I went with A as well.
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The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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Updated on: 20 Jan 2016, 01:13
target2015 wrote:
The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians.

Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying

Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey

Wappocomo, manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River and journeying

Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, and journeying

Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeyed

Can someone explain this question pls?

Note 1: If a Which is used after a comma then the which modifies the noun just before it. that means the "noun" and the modifier "which" are separated only by a comma. So here which modifies wappocomo.
2: bricks are plural so verb must be plural
3: bicks might be manufactured in england but they can not be used as ballast to stabilize ships. So here we find distortion of meaning in option A. B has used present form of journey. it changes the meaning.
5: in option D, there is no verb for subject bricks
6: which modifies wappocomo and journeyed is used as a verd, which agrees with the subject bricks. So E is the correct answer.
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Originally posted by nahid78 on 19 Jan 2016, 14:10.
Last edited by nahid78 on 20 Jan 2016, 01:13, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2016, 18:36
Core sentence is The bricks ...... Journeyed. Everything else is modifier. So E is the answer.

target2015 wrote:
The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians.

Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying -- Fragment.

Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey -- With present form of verb, it sound like it is still happening which is not the case.

Wappocomo, manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River and journeying - Fragment.

Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, and journeying -- Fragment.

Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeyed - Correct Answer.

Can someone explain this question pls?
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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2016, 07:41
target2015 wrote:
The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians.

Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying

Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey

Wappocomo, manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River and journeying

Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, and journeying

Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeyed

Can someone explain this question pls?

in E
bricks that were, which had been
in this sentence both that clause and which clause are used. I do not know whether this pattern is wrong but I have never seen this pattern. anyone can explain more of this pattern.
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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2016, 04:56
thangvietnam wrote:
target2015 wrote:
The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians.

Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying

Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey

Wappocomo, manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River and journeying

Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, and journeying

Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeyed

Can someone explain this question pls?

in E
bricks that were, which had been
in this sentence both that clause and which clause are used. I do not know whether this pattern is wrong but I have never seen this pattern. anyone can explain more of this pattern.

The pattern is ok to use. As you must be aware "Which" is used to highlight non restrictive clause. Here in this case - option E provides extra information about bricks - first by using "THAT" - restrictive clause and second by using "Which" - non restrictive clause.

Hope this helps.
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The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2016, 01:02
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Hi chetan2u / daagh ,

I opted for A, which is wrong

Lets look on option 1 by 1.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Option B-

As mentioned by daagh that its a run on sentence. I am not able to figure it how...

The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians.

In the end I got stuck between A and B, but Choose A as we need to modify Bricks
Can you please tell 2 IC in this..?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Option C and D are fragment.. DIRECT ELIMINATE

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Now Option E, which is the OA.

I eliminated it because "which" is modifying --> Wappocomo (which is not the intended meaning).

Whats wrong in my reasoning here...??

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
As mentioned by other folks, neeraj609 A is a fragment...

The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians.

Were manufactured is the MAIN Verb here.

The only thing which makes A a fragment is, if we consider were manufactured as a part of modifier.
In that case it would be written as-->

The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo and that were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River.

Adding these two words makes this sentence a Fragment.

Correct me if I am wrong.?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Why is A wrong and E is right ( Although WHICH in E modifying wrong noun).

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The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2016, 02:50
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RAHKARP27071989 wrote:
Hi chetan2u / daagh ,

The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo and that were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River.

Adding these two words makes this sentence a Fragment.

Correct me if I am wrong.?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Why is A wrong and E is right ( Although WHICH in E modifying wrong noun).

Hi,

firstly, yes B is a run on sentence..
The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians.

1)The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River.
2) but "journey in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians." starts with a verb and does not have a subject. an "AND" as a conjunction would have made the sentence still ok grammatically..

i'll touch upon the two choices A and E, and try to list out the pros and cons..

A. The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians.
I would rate this better of the two, inspite of OA as E..
The first part/ clause is perfect and there is no ambiguity anywhere...
I will be slightly skeptical on the subordinate clause beggining with comma +verb- ing, as generally these clauses speak about result/action of the previous clause/main clause.
Here " journeying in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians." is not a result but another action related to the bricks..

E. The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeyed in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians...

the sentences on one hand is grammatically correct if we remove the "which"part..
The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo, which had been manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeyed in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians...

But the problem lies with "which". It could easily refer to the mansion, a meaning not intended. bricks is separated too far with usage of other nouns and verb, so difficult to corelate the two..
Ofcourse the manufactured in " which had been manufactured" should logically be the bricks..

If not from OG, I would keep the Q aside in terms of its OA and take finer point on usage of "had been", journeyed etc in the sentence.
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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2016, 03:49
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Hi chetan2u,

Option B is
B Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey

Not
B Wappocomo and that were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey

I am still not able to recognize 2 different IC's with option B.
Can you please tell once again..??

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I added the word "and that" for option A.

According to me if A would be .

A Wappocomo and that were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying----> Then it will a fregment.

But as of now I don't see it as fragment... I hope were manufactured is the MAIN verb in the sentence.

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Re: The bricks that were used [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2016, 05:36
RAHKARP27071989 wrote:
Hi chetan2u,

Option B is
B Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey

Not
B Wappocomo and that were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey

I am still not able to recognize 2 different IC's with option B.
Can you please tell once again..??

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I added the word "and that" for option A.

According to me if A would be .

A Wappocomo and that were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journeying----> Then it will a fregment.

But as of now I don't see it as fragment... I hope were manufactured is the MAIN verb in the sentence.

Hi,
the answer given by me was for the original B itself, 'and that' got added while I was copying from earlier post..

The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River, journey in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians.

the two ICs are
1)The bricks that were used in the construction of the West Virginian Georgian mansion of Wappocomo were manufactured in England and used as ballast to stabilize ships loading tobacco in the James River.
2) journey in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians.

2) "journey in bullock carts over the Blue Ridge Mountains and Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians." starts with a verb and does not have a subject. an "AND" as a conjunction would have made the sentence still ok grammatically..
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Re: The bricks that were used   [#permalink] 23 Jan 2016, 05:36

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