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The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the

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The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in 1987. If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs would not have dropped substantially in 1987.

The argument in the passage depends on which of the following assumptions?


1) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.

2)The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987.

3)Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the country.

4)The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.

5)A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.

Guys try this one. OA later . Thanks for discussion in advance :)
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by carcass on 15 Aug 2012, 23:54, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the [#permalink]

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ankit0411 wrote:
carcass wrote:
The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in 1987. If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs would not have dropped substantially in 1987.

The argument in the passage depends on which of the following assumptions?


1) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.

2)The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987.

3)Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the country.

4)The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.

5)A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.

Guys try this one. OA later . Thanks for discussion in advance :)


Let me just try -

1) The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in 1987 - The program was a failure

2) If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs would not have dropped substantially in 1987.

Thus, it means that the program was not successful ( there was illegal entry of drugs into the country) and hence, the prices dropped.

If I negate E - A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was THE sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.

okay - so if the price decrease was due to the drop in demand; the illegal entry of drugs was not the reason of their wholesale price decrease.

Am I right ?


Yes, you are right. If you use the assumption negation technique (ANT), you see that if the negative of option (E) is true, the conclusion cannot be true. Hence option (E) must be an assumption.
But let me add here that you should use ANT only when you get stuck or if you have doubts about the answer you have chosen. It is a little too complicated and time consuming to be used often.

The argument looks like this:
Premise: the wholesale price of most illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987
Conclusion: the program was a failure i.e. the supply of illegal drugs did not drop.

Now, the argument looks shady, doesn't it? The price drop could happen because of increased supply or reduced demand. The author is concluding that the price drop is due to increase in supply (and says nothing about demand).

What is his assumption? His assumption is that the demand did not reduce or if it did, it did not reduce to the extent required to bring the price substantially down. So he is assuming that a reduction in demand was not the cause or at least was not the sole cause of reduction in the price.

Answer (E)
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The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in 1987. If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs would not have dropped substantially in 1987.
The argument in the passage depends on which of the following assumptions?
(A) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.
(B) The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987.
(C) Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the country.
(D) The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.
(E) A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.
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The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in
1987. If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs
would not have dropped substantially in 1987.

The argument in the passage depends on which of the following
assumptions?

(A) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.
(B) The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop
substantially in 1987.
(C) Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry
of such drugs into the country.
(D) The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.
(E) A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop
in their wholesale price.

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Re: The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the [#permalink]

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soniedarshan wrote:
The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in
1987. If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs
would not have dropped substantially in 1987.

The argument in the passage depends on which of the following
assumptions?

(A) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.
(B) The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop
substantially in 1987.
(C) Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry
of such drugs into the country.
(D) The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.
(E) A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop
in their wholesale price.


E is correct. If you negate E, which becomes "Drop in demand WAS the sole cause of drop of wholesale price", the argument explodes into smithereens.
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Re: The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2012, 21:11
It's (3). The Wholesale price of the illegal drugs have dropped sunstantially even without the entry of illegal drugs. So, there has to be some event which might have triggered the supply and an eventual drop in the price. This is clearly stated in (3) that it is due to domestic production of illegal drugs at a higher rate that the entry of such drugs. If the program had been successful, domestic production would not have happened and hence the price would not have dropped due to limited supply of illegal drugs.

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New post 15 Aug 2012, 22:54
I think the answer should be E. It is a strengthening assumption. We just eliminated another cause for the drop in prices.

If the demand had been dropped, the prices would also have been dropped but the premise says that the reason is illegal entry of the illegal drugs. So, we eliminated another cause.

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New post 15 Aug 2012, 22:56
The answer should be E.

If the drop in the demand is not the sole reason for drop in the prices, there must be some other reason for drop in the prices of the drugs.
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New post 26 Aug 2012, 15:22
E.

We are assuming there was no other reason for the drop in prices.
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Re: The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2012, 04:26
carcass wrote:
The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in 1987. If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs would not have dropped substantially in 1987.

The argument in the passage depends on which of the following assumptions?


1) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.

2)The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987.

3)Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the country.

4)The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.

5)A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.

Guys try this one. OA later . Thanks for discussion in advance :)


Let me just try -

1) The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in 1987 - The program was a failure

2) If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs would not have dropped substantially in 1987.

Thus, it means that the program was not successful ( there was illegal entry of drugs into the country) and hence, the prices dropped.

If I negate E - A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was THE sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.

okay - so if the price decrease was due to the drop in demand; the illegal entry of drugs was not the reason of their wholesale price decrease.

Am I right ?
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New post 03 Oct 2013, 23:37
The tricky one...oofffffff
Conclusion: Price has dropped because of failure of the program. Means illegal drugs are coming in the market. off-course if supply will be high price will be low.

The argument in the passage depends on which of the following assumptions?
(A) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987. - this is opposite of premise.

(B) The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987. - this is already mentioned, no new information.

(C) Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the country. - A trap: the comparison is of no use. it may be 10% and 11% or 90% or 91%.

(D) The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987. - only few drugs, how about most of the drugs?

(E) A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price. - here it is, demand is not the only cause, you are right because supply is the cause.

Hope this helps!

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Re: The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2014, 11:33
P1: Program to control entry of drug was a failure .
P2: Reason is wholesale price of illegal drugs dropped

Conclusion : Program was a failure .


Whole price drops when supply is more , demand is constant .

Argument assumes demand did not go down causing more supply and reduced price

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New post 30 Apr 2014, 09:00
As per my learning, in assumption qq, we need to see a factor which can help us to conclude the same result concluded in passage. So, if passage says, price went down because of some 'X' reason, we need to choose an option which states that price could also have gone down because of some 'Y' reason.

1) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.
-- No other reason mentioned.

2)The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987.
-- Again, no other reason of drop in price.

3)Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the country.
-- It may sound tempting but even if it happens, it does not specify the rate of demand which may decrease/increase and consequently may decrease/increase the price respectively.

4)The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.
-- Again, out of scope.

5)A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.
-- This I found reasonable to assume that price can also go down because of drop in demand.

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Re: The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2016, 20:53
PUNEETSCHDV wrote:
The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in 1987. If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs would not have dropped substantially in 1987.
The argument in the passage depends on which of the following assumptions?
(A) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.
(B) The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987.
(C) Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the country.
(D) The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.
(E) A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.


the program was a failure.
as a result, we are told that the price of most illegal drugs dropped substantially.

the argument makes a leap of faith, which is very vulnerable to critics. it states that the increased supply caused the drop in price.
we would thus need to look at an answer choice that would strengthen the argument while protecting it from any weakeners.
A possible weakener - price went down because the demand went down. Another one - price went down because the domestic production of drugs went up.
thus, an correct answer choice would provide information that the above is not true.

A - if the supply dropped, then the price would have increased. so no.
B - tricky but not. if negated, doesn't help much to weaken the argument. on the contrary, negated statements supports the argument. here the DID NOT - makes the answer choice incorrect.
C. just like B - this one is a weakener. negated answer would rather support the argument than weaken.
D. "of a few" makes this one incorrect. furthermore, it looks more like a weakener.
E. aha! so it was not the decreased demand that sent prices plunging.

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Re: The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2016, 04:05
E is a direct assumption without which the argument won't hold.
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Re: The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2017, 11:28
E is the correct option.

if we can tell that there is another reason for the drop in wholesale prices of illegal drugs( reason is the drop in demand), then we can not entirely blame the program for not meeting its goal. it means we can not say that the program was a failure on its own. Thus the conclusion falls apart, which says the program was a failure.

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Re: The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 09:03
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2017, 09:03
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