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# The reserve bank of India examines macro-economic

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The reserve bank of India examines macro-economic [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 02:10
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The reserve bank of India examines macro-economic environment and external conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide the fiscal and monetary policy.

A. conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and it uses the guidelines derived from these analyses in deciding
C. conditions and, in using the guidelines derived from these analyses, deciding
D. conditions and, using the guidelines derived from these analyses, decides
E. conditions and, in its use of the guidelines it derives from these analyses, it decides

I do not have OA for this. I have marked
[Reveal] Spoiler:
b
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 02:22
IMO D.

We need a conjunction to connect to separate independent parallel (wrt verb) clauses.

THE RBI examines (X and Y) and decides - This is the correct order.

Whats the source?

gmatcracker2010 wrote:
The reserve bank of India examines macro-economic environment and external conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide the fiscal and monetary policy.

A. conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and it uses the guidelines derived from these analyses in deciding
C. conditions and, in using the guidelines derived from these analyses, deciding
D. conditions and, using the guidelines derived from these analyses, decides
E. conditions and, in its use of the guidelines it derives from these analyses, it decides

I do not have OA for this. I have marked
[Reveal] Spoiler:
b

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 04:06
Yeah D for me as well...

However can anyone explain (and,) never seen this before.
Don't know what it means grammatically.

Thanks

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 04:24
i just got it from the net. no definite ans for it..

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 04:25
i am still not clear. any more comments from others

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 07:14
I have never seen a sentence with "and, " and hence not convinced with C, D or E.

what is the source...does not seem like a reliable one because all the options are awkward.

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 07:24
D - all others mix things up/make them complicated

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 08:26
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This question is a bull shit.

I vote for D.

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 11:49
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IMO the ans is D.
Key to this one is Parallelism

"The reserve bank examines....., and using that, decides

Option B is not parallel:
examines and deciding don't go together

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2010, 11:27
I don't think this question is bullshit - in fact the both choices B and D are grammatically correct, IMO. However, choice B is wordy (compare - "it uses the guidelines..." with "using the guidelines..."); in effect choice B uses two independent clauses joined with a comma and conjunction "and" whereas choice D uses only one independent clause - Generically choice D can be paraphrased as - "The RBI examines X and, using Y decides Z" and choice B can be paraphrased thus: "RBI examines X and IT uses Y in deciding Z". Clearly D is more succinct.

gmatcracker2010 wrote:
The reserve bank of India examines macro-economic environment and external conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide the fiscal and monetary policy.

A. conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and it uses the guidelines derived from these analyses in deciding
C. conditions and, in using the guidelines derived from these analyses, deciding
D. conditions and, using the guidelines derived from these analyses, decides
E. conditions and, in its use of the guidelines it derives from these analyses, it decides

I do not have OA for this. I have marked
[Reveal] Spoiler:
b

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2010, 07:22
examines and decides .. I vote for D
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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2010, 13:18
gmatcracker2010 wrote:
The reserve bank of India examines macro-economic environment and external conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide the fiscal and monetary policy.

A. conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and it uses the guidelines derived from these analyses in deciding
C. conditions and, in using the guidelines derived from these analyses, deciding
D. conditions and, using the guidelines derived from these analyses, decides
E. conditions and, in its use of the guidelines it derives from these analyses, it decides

I do not have OA for this. I have marked
[Reveal] Spoiler:
b

I'm not convinced with use of and, thus C,D, and E are out. Left with A and B. Will go with B as it makes the sentence more clear in meaning.

Can anyone explain the use of and,??

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2010, 15:43
D for me

The reserve bank of India examines macro-economic environment and external conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide the fiscal and monetary policy.

A. conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide
And should precede comma.
B. conditions, and it uses the guidelines derived from these analyses in deciding
This sentence could make sense without comma and without it, which destroys parallelism
C. conditions and, in using the guidelines derived from these analyses, deciding
Incorrect use of participle here.
D. conditions and, using the guidelines derived from these analyses, decides
This participal phrase describes on what base the bank provides its decisions - how it decides - and is properly separated with 2 commas.
E. conditions and, in its use of the guidelines it derives from these analyses, it decides
Wordy + it is redundant
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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2010, 23:32
I agree with the explanations given by "cracky"
Further, "examines" and "decides" seem more parallel than
"examines and, it uses" as employed in option B
If B had been "RBI examines..., and it uses ...to decide (to infinitive)..."
i would have chosen that option.
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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2010, 11:13
bumped into this question , glad that I got it right the second time as well

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2010, 12:22
A. conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide --> modifier "in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses" is awkward and is not placed near the noun (reserve bank) it is supposed to modify.

B. conditions, and it uses the guidelines derived from these analyses in deciding --> it correctly refers to "the reserve bank" and clause both before and after paraller marker "and"
are parallel. Correct

C. conditions and, in using the guidelines derived from these analyses, deciding --> modifier "in using the guidelines derived from these analyses" is awkward and is not placed near the noun (reserve bank) it is supposed to modify. Also deciding is not parallel.
D. conditions and, using the guidelines derived from these analyses, decides --> modifier "using the guidelines derived from these analyses" is correct but not placed near the noun (reserve bank) it is supposed to modify.
E. conditions and, in its use of the guidelines it derives from these analyses, it decides --> --> modifier "in its use of the guidelines it derives from these analyses" is awkward.

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2010, 23:49
D,,, since authenticate answer is not available i think masters of SC can intervene and give difference between B and D
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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2010, 12:48
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Hey All,

I got asked by PM to take this one on. So...

The reserve bank of India examines macro-economic environment and external conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide the fiscal and monetary policy.

A. conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide
PROBLEM: This modifier "in using" is confusingly placed here after the "and". There's no way to know what it's modifying. (Prepositional phrases are always modifiers)

B. conditions, and it uses the guidelines derived from these analyses in deciding
PROBLEM: No reason to have the "it" here, as the subject hasn't changed.

C. conditions and, in using the guidelines derived from these analyses, deciding
PROBLEM: Failed parallelism between "examines" and "deciding".

D. conditions and, using the guidelines derived from these analyses, decides
CORRECT: Parallelism between "examines" and "decides" is great. The participial modifier is a bit oddly placed, but it's legal.

E. conditions and, in its use of the guidelines it derives from these analyses, it decides
PROBLEM: No reason to add all these "its" everywhere. The middle modifier is illogical.

Hope that helps!

-t
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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2010, 05:05
Wolf wrote:
its D

The wolves agree. D.

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Re: reserve bank of india [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2010, 04:04
Tommy!You are back!
Best new of the day!

TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

I got asked by PM to take this one on. So...

The reserve bank of India examines macro-economic environment and external conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide the fiscal and monetary policy.

A. conditions, and in using the guidelines it derives from these analyses, can decide
PROBLEM: This modifier "in using" is confusingly placed here after the "and". There's no way to know what it's modifying. (Prepositional phrases are always modifiers)

B. conditions, and it uses the guidelines derived from these analyses in deciding
PROBLEM: No reason to have the "it" here, as the subject hasn't changed.

C. conditions and, in using the guidelines derived from these analyses, deciding
PROBLEM: Failed parallelism between "examines" and "deciding".

D. conditions and, using the guidelines derived from these analyses, decides
CORRECT: Parallelism between "examines" and "decides" is great. The participial modifier is a bit oddly placed, but it's legal.

E. conditions and, in its use of the guidelines it derives from these analyses, it decides
PROBLEM: No reason to add all these "its" everywhere. The middle modifier is illogical.

Hope that helps!

-t

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Re: reserve bank of india   [#permalink] 22 Nov 2010, 04:04

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