GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 26 Aug 2019, 02:20

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Those influenced by modern Western science take it for

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 20 Apr 2005
Posts: 520
Those influenced by modern Western science take it for  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 May 2005, 17:28
1
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

61% (02:03) correct 39% (02:34) wrong based on 262 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

18. Those influenced by modern Western science take it for granted that a genuine belief in astrology is proof of a credulous and unscientific mind. Yet, in the past, people of indisputable intellectual and scientific brilliance accepted astrology as a fact. Therefore, there is no scientific basis for rejecting astrology.

The argument is most vulnerable to criticism on which one of the following grounds?

(A) A belief can be consistent with the available evidence and accepted scientific theories at one time but not with the accepted evidence and theories of a later time.

(B) Since it is controversial whether astrology has a scientific basis, any argument that attempts to prove that it has will be specious.

(C) Although the conclusion is intended to hold in all cultures, the evidence advanced in its support is drawn only from those cultures strongly influenced by modern Western science.

(D) The implicit assumption that all practitioners of Western science believe in astrology is false.

(E) The fact that there might be legitimate nonscientific reasons for rejecting astrology has been overlooked.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 Sep 2004
Posts: 10
Re: Those influenced by modern Western science take it for  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 May 2005, 20:56
1
A is the answer. It refers to timeline since "in the past, people of indisputable intellectual "

B Out of scope

C. Evidence never mentions western culture

D.Strong statement and contrary to argument

E.Out of scope.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 16 Oct 2004
Posts: 42
Re: Those influenced by modern Western science take it for  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2005, 07:46
A seems correct...


(B) Since it is controversial whether astrology has a scientific basis, any argument that attempts to prove that it has will be specious.
... where does the passage say anything of this sort

(C) Although the conclusion is intended to hold in all cultures, the evidence advanced in its support is drawn only from those cultures strongly influenced by modern Western science.
.... what cultures influenced by modern westenr science... it is people influenced by modern
western science


(D) The implicit assumption that all practitioners of Western science believe in astrology is false.
... contradiction



that leaves us with A and E...

A seems more relevant than E in the present context..
hence A.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 05 Jan 2005
Posts: 473
Re: Those influenced by modern Western science take it for  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2005, 09:17
One of those you never care about what the other options say.
click (A), move on.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 05 Oct 2016
Posts: 105
Location: China
Concentration: Healthcare, Entrepreneurship
WE: Sales (Health Care)
Re: Those influenced by modern Western science take it for  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2016, 01:47
can someone please explain it more explicitly? I just don't understand what is A talking about.
_________________
LSAT CR is driving me mad
Current Student
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Nov 2014
Posts: 824
Concentration: Strategy
Schools: Fisher '19 (M$)
GPA: 3.71
Reviews Badge
Re: Those influenced by modern Western science take it for  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2016, 03:07
Those influenced by modern Western science take it for granted that a genuine belief in astrology is proof of a credulous and unscientific mind. Yet, in the past, people of indisputable intellectual and scientific brilliance accepted astrology as a fact. Therefore, there is no scientific basis for rejecting astrology.

The argument is most vulnerable to criticism on which one of the following grounds?

(A) A belief can be consistent with the available evidence and accepted scientific theories at one time but not with the accepted evidence and theories of a later time.

Option A captures the flaw nicely. It might be possible that in the past, indisputable intellectual and scientific brilliance accepted *astrology as a fact* because there were reasonable evidence and scientific theories to prove it at the point in time. However, "astrology as a fact* might not be accepted with the theories available at a later time.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 05 Oct 2016
Posts: 105
Location: China
Concentration: Healthcare, Entrepreneurship
WE: Sales (Health Care)
Re: Those influenced by modern Western science take it for  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2016, 04:28
Keats wrote:
Those influenced by modern Western science take it for granted that a genuine belief in astrology is proof of a credulous and unscientific mind. Yet, in the past, people of indisputable intellectual and scientific brilliance accepted astrology as a fact. Therefore, there is no scientific basis for rejecting astrology.

The argument is most vulnerable to criticism on which one of the following grounds?

(A) A belief can be consistent with the available evidence and accepted scientific theories at one time but not with the accepted evidence and theories of a later time.

Option A captures the flaw nicely. It might be possible that in the past, indisputable intellectual and scientific brilliance accepted *astrology as a fact* because there were reasonable evidence and scientific theories to prove it at the point in time. However, "astrology as a fact* might not be accepted with the theories available at a later time.

so why in time there were evidence and at a later time there's no evidence to support astrology as a fact? what part of the stimuli is vulnerable, premise or conclusion?
_________________
LSAT CR is driving me mad
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 17 Aug 2018
Posts: 113
GMAT 1: 610 Q43 V31
GMAT 2: 640 Q45 V32
Premium Member
Re: Those influenced by modern Western science take it for  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jun 2019, 07:23
GMATNinja can you please help decode this problem? It does not feel like a sub-600 one....
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 24 Oct 2016
Posts: 7
Those influenced by modern Western science take it for  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jun 2019, 10:04
Hi,

Can anyone tell whats wrong with B here.Though A is clearly winner buy cant find any point against B too.

Posted from my mobile device
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2776
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Those influenced by modern Western science take it for  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jun 2019, 10:28
mykrasovski wrote:
GMATNinja can you please help decode this problem? It does not feel like a sub-600 one....

The key to this one lies in the second sentence: "Yet, in the past, people of indisputable intellectual and scientific brilliance accepted astrology as a fact." The author uses evidence about the past ("people of indisputable intellectual and scientific brilliance accepted astrology as a fact") to draw a conclusion in the present ("there is no scientific basis for rejecting astrology").

The first sentence tells us that, according to a person influenced by modern Western science, if you believe in astrology, then you have an unscientific mind. This suggests that, currently, astrology goes against modern Western science. However, in the past, there may have been limited scientific evidence or even no scientific evidence at odds with astrology.

Thus, in the past, people of "indisputable intellectual and scientific brilliance" may have had no scientific reasons for rejecting astrology. However, if those same people were alive today, they might reject astrology based on current (modern) Western science.

bawatwr wrote:
Hi,

Can anyone tell whats wrong with B here.Though A is clearly winner buy cant find any point against B too.

Posted from my mobile device

Quote:
(B) Since it is controversial whether astrology has a scientific basis, any argument that attempts to prove that it has will be specious.

(B) essentially says, "Because people argue about whether astrology has a scientific basis, an argument attempting to prove that astrology DOES have a scientific basis will be specious (having a false look of truth or genuineness)."

First of all, the author is not trying to PROVE that astrology has a scientific basis. Rather, the author concludes that there is no scientific basis for rejecting astrology. Because (B) makes a claim about a different argument than the one in the passage, we cannot say that it accurately identifies a vulnerability about the argument in question.

In addition, (B) frankly doesn't make much sense -- if there is controversy about an issue, does that mean that attempts to prove one particular side of that issue MUST be specious? What if strong new evidence in support of the argument emerges? What if the argument is well reasoned and logically sound?

We are looking for why the argument, as given, is vulnerable to criticism. (B) does not accomplish this -- instead, it makes an unsupported claim about a different argument. For these reasons, (B) is out.

I hope that helps!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 26 Dec 2018
Posts: 2
CAT Tests
Re: Those influenced by modern Western science take it for  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Aug 2019, 12:51
GMATNinja, Can you explain why Option E is not correct ?

Posted from my mobile device
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2776
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Those influenced by modern Western science take it for  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Aug 2019, 10:43
Curious750 wrote:
GMATNinja, Can you explain why Option E is not correct ?

Posted from my mobile device

The author's conclusion is that "there is no scientific basis for rejecting astrology." THIS conclusion (or the author's evidence in support of this conclusion) is what we are attempting to poke holes in as we answer the question.

Keep that in mind and look again at (E):
Quote:
(E) The fact that there might be legitimate nonscientific reasons for rejecting astrology has been overlooked.

(E) tells us that there may be other, nonscientific reasons for rejecting astrology. This does not poke holes in the author's argument at all -- it is possible that the author's reasoning and conclusion are sound even if OTHER reasons for rejecting astrology exist.

As an example, consider this argument: "Dogs are better than cats because dogs love unconditionally."

This argument overlooks the fact that dogs are also better than cats because dogs are the more adorable animal. But is the original argument vulnerable to criticism because it overlooks this unrelated fact? Not at all -- they are just two separate arguments.

Because (E) doesn't identify a reason that the author's argument is vulnerable to criticism, it is not the correct answer.

I hope that helps!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Those influenced by modern Western science take it for   [#permalink] 10 Aug 2019, 10:43
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Those influenced by modern Western science take it for

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne