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# Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the

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Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2007, 14:38
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65% (00:52) correct 35% (01:13) wrong based on 2289 sessions

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Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the fields or caves of Europe, now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be the remains of giants and were often displayed as curiosities in castles, palaces, town halls, churches, and monasteries.

A) now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be

B) presently known as from large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as

C) bones now known to be those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be

D) bones known at present as of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as those of

E) currently known as those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be those of
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03 Sep 2007, 15:49
1
should be C

bones need to be "those" of animals, they are not animals

bones are assumed to be the remains, they are the remains, not those of the remains
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Re: SC Bones [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2007, 17:56
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gb8 wrote:
Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the fields or caves of Europe, now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be the remains of giants and were often displayed as curiosities in castles, palaces, town halls, churches, and monasteries.

A) now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be

B) presently known as from large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as

C) bones now known to be those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be

D) bones known at present as of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as those of

E) currently known as those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be those of

I think C

"those" is required in the first part of the sentence to establish whose bones we are talking about.

A: the bones are now known to be prehistoric animals??? thats illogical.

B: known as from large prehistoric animals, ungrammatical.

D: those (in second part) is not needed, because the remains is already stated

E: those (in second part) is not needed, b/c the remains is already stated
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Q.Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2011, 09:25
2
Q.Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the fields or caves of Europe, now
known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be the remains of giants and were
often displayed as curiosities in castles, palaces, town halls, churches, and monasteries.

A. now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be
B. presently known as from large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as
C. bones now known to be those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be
D. bones known at present as of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as those of
E. currently known as those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be those of
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Re: Caves of Europe [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2011, 09:35
1
Easy C. "those" is the subject of comparison.

now + currently redundant.
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Re: Caves of Europe [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2011, 11:35
4
1
Unless the word ‘now’ is also underlined, choice C makes no sense. It will read as ‘now bone now known to be”, which is wrong.
After this error is amended, then C is the right answer since E can be easily ruled out because of the redundancy of ‘now currently’ and to be ‘those of the remains of’ (bones themselves are remains).

Of course ‘assumed to be’ is the right idiom’

A is wrong because, fields or caves of Europe are now known to be prehistoric animals
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Re: Caves of Europe [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2011, 18:54
2
from 1st option we do know 'now' is underlined. WarrioAjay just missed it.

A. now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be - either large bones or, in worst case, Europe is referred as 'large prehistoric animals'
B. presently known as from large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as - Also ambiguous modifier as in option A.
C. bones now known to be those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be
D. bones known at present as of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as those of
E. currently known as those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be those of - Also ambiguous modifier as in option A.
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Re: Caves of Europe [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2011, 06:07
I was stuck between C and E but chose E. OA seems to be C
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Re: Caves of Europe [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2011, 07:36
Pardon me for the typo. Word 'NOW' is also underlined. Thanks daagh. I was wondering whether 'Known to be' is a correct idiom.
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Re: Q.Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in [#permalink]

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16 May 2012, 00:25
WarriorAjay wrote:
Q.Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the fields or caves of Europe, now
known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be the remains of giants and were
often displayed as curiosities in castles, palaces, town halls, churches, and monasteries.

A. now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be
B. presently known as from large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as
C. bones now known to be those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be
D. bones known at present as of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as those of
E. currently known as those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be those of

C is the correct answer.
Here is the explanation;

A. now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be-->now is wrongly used.known to be is wrong. It should be known as.
B. presently known as from large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as--> presently known as is not clear. It is ambiguous as to what it is referring to, to the caves or to the bones or fields.
C. bones now known to be those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be--> this one is correct.
D. bones known at present as of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as those of--> as those of is not correct.
E. currently known as those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be those of-->currently known as those of and assumed to be those of is incorrect.It is not clear to what are they referring to.

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Re: Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2014, 07:25
I have a doubt about double subject in option C.

Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the fields or caves of Europe, bones
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Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2016, 17:14
2
gb8 wrote:
Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the fields or caves of Europe, now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be the remains of giants and were often displayed as curiosities in castles, palaces, town halls, churches, and monasteries.

A) now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be

B) presently known as from large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as

C) bones now known to be those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be

D) bones known at present as of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as those of

E) currently known as those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be those of

Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the fields or caves of Europe, now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be the remains of giants and were often displayed as curiosities in castles, palaces, town halls, churches, and monasteries.
Error: Verb-ed modifier modifies closest Noun.
Here it is modifying caves of europe, which is wrong.
A. Wrong because of above reason
B.Same reason
C.Noun + Noun modifier can modify anything. Hence right.
D. Meaning change, to be is not same as those of.
Sentence structure is not same, as those of .. and to be
E. same error as A
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Re: Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2016, 00:58
chetan2u Can you please comment on the correct usage of "assumed"? Can the distinction - assumed as V assumed to be - be considered as a split?
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Re: Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2016, 18:49
Keats wrote:
chetan2u Can you please comment on the correct usage of "assumed"? Can the distinction - assumed as V assumed to be - be considered as a split?

Yes Keats,
You require a complete sentence here after belief that....., so a VERB is a must...
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Re: Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2016, 23:21
chetan2u wrote:
Keats wrote:
chetan2u Can you please comment on the correct usage of "assumed"? Can the distinction - assumed as V assumed to be - be considered as a split?

Yes Keats,
You require a complete sentence here after belief that....., so a VERB is a must...

Hello chetan2u Thanks you for the response. Well, I could not see any "belief that" in the question. Also, won't the main verb be "were assumed" here? I think it is already in place.
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Re: Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2016, 08:43
Keats wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
Keats wrote:
chetan2u Can you please comment on the correct usage of "assumed"? Can the distinction - assumed as V assumed to be - be considered as a split?

Yes Keats,
You require a complete sentence here after belief that....., so a VERB is a must...

Hello chetan2u Thanks you for the response. Well, I could not see any "belief that" in the question. Also, won't the main verb be "were assumed" here? I think it is already in place.

Hi,

Sorry, I was answering some other Q but typed it here..
I have not seen any Q in gmat based on this idiom..

However assumed to be should generally be correct, but the wrong choices should be having other errors too..
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Re: Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2016, 11:29
chetan2u wrote:
Hi,

Sorry, I was answering some other Q but typed it here..
I have not seen any Q in gmat based on this idiom..

However assumed to be should generally be correct, but the wrong choices should be having other errors too..

Thanks for the clarification and update chetan2u!
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Re: Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2016, 05:24
Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the fields or caves of Europe, now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be the remains of giants and were often displayed as curiosities in castles, palaces, town halls, churches, and monasteries.

A) now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be

B) presently known as from large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as

C) bones now known to be those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be

D) bones known at present as of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as those of

E) currently known as those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be those of[/quote]

What is known to be prehistoric animals bones or caves. Neither of them right. Thereby ruling out A.

large bones were usually assumed to be bones(remains) of giants. is the correct version of the sentence.........i.e., C

bones were.......bones of giants in D and E ruin the sentence structure.

bones presently known from animals is incorrect.

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Re: Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2016, 10:38
gb8 wrote:
Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the fields or caves of Europe, now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be the remains of giants and were often displayed as curiosities in castles, palaces, town halls, churches, and monasteries.

A) now known to be large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be

B) presently known as from large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as

C) bones now known to be those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be

D) bones known at present as of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed as those of

E) currently known as those of large prehistoric animals, were usually assumed to be those of

Here, the option A, B, E seem to be talking about Europe rather than bones. now known is better than known at present. so answer is C
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Re: Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2016, 07:24
1
egmat, sayantanc2k,

Can anyone explain the correct usages of words such as known, assume, and named.
Every time these words appear in the options with different usages, I took a lot of time to figure out which way is correct. Some of the variations appeared in GMAT-Prep are:

known as, known to be
named as, to be named
assumed as, assumed to be

Thank You.
Re: Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the   [#permalink] 29 Nov 2016, 07:24

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# Until a few centuries ago, any large bones discovered in the

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