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V05-30

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V05-30 [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:25
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Reporting that one of its many obstacles had been a citizens’ group seeking to preserve historic buildings, developers announced a revision of plans to tear down the city’s original post office in order to expand a luxury hotel’s parking lot.

A. its many obstacles had been
B. its many obstacles had turned out to be
C. its many obstacles was
D. their many obstacles had been
E. their many obstacles is
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:25
Official Solution:

Reporting that one of its many obstacles had been a citizens’ group seeking to preserve historic buildings, developers announced a revision of plans to tear down the city’s original post office in order to expand a luxury hotel’s parking lot.

A. its many obstacles had been
B. its many obstacles had turned out to be
C. its many obstacles was
D. their many obstacles had been
E. their many obstacles is

This sentence tests agreement between a possessive noun and its antecedent, as well as the correct use of verb tense. The antecedent developers, even though it comes after the underlined possessive pronoun, still requires the plural pronoun their. Additionally, the developers are just announcing a revision of plans based on previous problems, indicating that the correct verb form is had been.
  1. The possessive pronoun its does not agree with the plural developers.
  2. Its does not agree with developers, and this option is unnecessarily wordy.
  3. The verb form is is incorrect in this sentence.
  4. The pronoun their agrees with the antecedent developers, and the verb form had been is appropriate to the sentence.
  5. Is is incorrect verb form for this sentence.

Answer: D
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Re: V05-30 [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2016, 19:39
how can D be better than E? Is not it no longer an obstacle? Even if they decide to try their old plan, it IS still an obstacle right?

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New post 26 Apr 2016, 09:30
dina98 wrote:
how can D be better than E? Is not it no longer an obstacle? Even if they decide to try their old plan, it IS still an obstacle right?


No, the original sentence intends to convey that the obstacles had been there before the developers announced. It is not intended to be meant that they are STILL obstacles. Hence D is better than E.

When using a verb within a statement / report that happened in the past, it is generally safe to use a past perfect, unless the statement is an universal truth. In this case the statement is NOT a universal truth. The obstacle may OR may not STILL be an obstacle.

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Re: V05-30 [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2017, 19:11
In option (E) can the answer choice be rectified if IS is replaced with WAS.

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Sachin07 wrote:
In option (E) can the answer choice be rectified if IS is replaced with WAS.


It depends on the meaning. If the meaning intended is that the obstacle existed at the same time of announcement, then "was" is alright.

Suppose that the announcement is in simple present:
Developers announce that there is an obstacle.
The past form of the above sentence is:
Developers announced that there was an obstacle.

Now consider another announcement in present:
Developers announce that there was (or has been) an obstacle.
The past form of the above sentence is:
Developers announced that there had been an obstacle.

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New post 07 Apr 2017, 21:17
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales
slump in women’s apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a
three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.
a. its many problems had been the recent
b. its many problems has been the recently
c. its many problems is the recently
d. their many problems is the recent
e. their many problems had been the recent

This is a problem from OG. The official answer is "A" . C is completely wrong because it violates the tense as it doesn't show completed action.

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New post 08 Apr 2017, 03:10
valardohaeris wrote:
Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales
slump in women’s apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a
three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.
a. its many problems had been the recent
b. its many problems has been the recently
c. its many problems is the recently
d. their many problems is the recent
e. their many problems had been the recent

This is a problem from OG. The official answer is "A" . C is completely wrong because it violates the tense as it doesn't show completed action.



We are not clear what your query is. For this question, A cannot be the answer because the singular pronoun "its" does not agree with its plural antecedent "developers". Also D is the OA for this question, not C.

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Re: V05-30 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2017, 02:15
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as the solution mentions The Correct Verb tense is Past Perfect Tense . Can you please Elaborate What are the 2 events which take place here.
Event 1 : reporting that their obstacle was citizen's group.
Event2: reporters announced.

Aren't these 2 independent ??

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With due respect, I think this is a poor-quality question, and needs revision.

Had been (past perfect) can be used only when the 1st event (obstacle) ended before the 2nd event (announcement) happened. If 1st event was in progression at the time 2nd event happened, then we need to use Past Continuous.

On the question statement, we have: citizens’ group seeking to preserve historic buildings. Doesn't that mean event 1 was in progression?

If we are saying that event 1 really ended before event 2 started, then I think we have a logical flaw. If event 1 ended, that means this obstacle didn't exist. That mean citizen's group did not have any objection. [Maybe they changed their minds, or realized that the plan is for greater good, or any other reason]. So why would the developers revise their plan when the obstacle didn't exist anymore?

I think the intention of this question was to test us on Past Perfect tense, and hence I feel the question statement needs to be revised to indicate that event 1 ended before event 2 started.

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Re: V05-30   [#permalink] 24 Oct 2017, 13:13
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