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V08-19

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Wilhelm I was recognized by the Treaty of Frankfurt as the Emperor in 1871, when Germany first became a single, unified state.

A. Wilhelm I was recognized by the Treaty of Frankfurt as the Emperor in 1871, when Germany first became a single, unified state.
B. Wilhelm I was recognized by the Treaty of Frankfurt in 1871 as Emperor, when Germany first became a single, unified state.
C. Germany first became a single, unified state in 1871, when the Emperor Wilhelm I was recognized by the Treaty of Frankfurt.
D. Germany first became a single unified state in 1871, when the Treaty of Frankfurt recognized Wilhelm I as Emperor.
E. In 1871, Germany first became a single, unified state, when the Treaty of Frankfurt recognized Wilhelm I as the Emperor of the country.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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New post 04 Aug 2015, 09:58
Official Solution:

Wilhelm I was recognized by the Treaty of Frankfurt as the Emperor in 1871, when Germany first became a single, unified state.

A. Wilhelm I was recognized by the Treaty of Frankfurt as the Emperor in 1871, when Germany first became a single, unified state.
B. Wilhelm I was recognized by the Treaty of Frankfurt in 1871 as Emperor, when Germany first became a single, unified state.
C. Germany first became a single, unified state in 1871, when the Emperor Wilhelm I was recognized by the Treaty of Frankfurt.
D. Germany first became a single unified state in 1871, when the Treaty of Frankfurt recognized Wilhelm I as Emperor.
E. In 1871, Germany first became a single, unified state, when the Treaty of Frankfurt recognized Wilhelm I as the Emperor of the country.


(A) This sentence illogically implies that the treaty recognized Wilhelm as the Emperor in 1871, when it simply recognized him as the Emperor. Additionally, it is always recommended to get away from the passive voice on the GMAT, making this a grammatically weaker option.

(B) The dependent clause beginning with 'when Germany' illogically refers to Emperor

(C) The passive voice construction 'when the Emperor Wilhelm I was recognized by the Treaty' is less idiomatic than the active voice construction of choice D; the word 'the' in 'the Emperor Wilhelm I' is unnecessarily wordy. The comma between two adjectives 'single' and 'unified' is not necessary.

(D) Correct. The active voice construction 'the Treaty of Frankfurt recognized Wilhelm I' is idiomatically correct

(E) The phrase 'The Emperor of the country' is unnecessarily wordy


Answer: D
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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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Is it just me or anyone else also feels that the options are too close to be wrong.
Just a bit wordy or passive construction should not be only criteria to eliminate.

Anyone know a actual GMAT question which disqualifies option solely on this as long as the meaning is clear. I think C, D And E options were fine. This question gave me a tough time and I am still not convinced with solution.

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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2015, 12:48
I think this is a bit tricky question and I don't agree with the explanation. can't understand the difference between A and D. As per explanation given option A is wrong because the treaty recognised wilhelm, but it is the same case with option D as well.

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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2015, 07:17
Hi,

Can somebody explain why can't I see this post/question normally by searching in Google ?

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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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siliconbeach wrote:
I think this is a bit tricky question and I don't agree with the explanation. can't understand the difference between A and D. As per explanation given option A is wrong because the treaty recognised wilhelm, but it is the same case with option D as well.



Here is what the question author suggested:

Quote:
There are potentially two things wrong with answer A. First of all, it is in passive voice. It's better to say "the treaty recognized Wilhelm" than "Wilhelm was recognized by the treaty". Second, in answer A, the treaty recognized Wilhelm as "the emperor in 1871", which may incorrectly imply that he was only the Emperor for the year 1871.


I think the passive voice is the red flag in this case.
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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2016, 18:01
first became single in A and in D seem to me to be way different. in D, it rather implies that First did smth, then smth else.
is it me who only considered this subtle change in meaning?

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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2016, 10:37
I don't think the use of commas in the provided correct answer is appropriate;
"Germany became a single, unified state, in 1871... "

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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2016, 08:29
Avigano wrote:
I don't think the use of commas in the provided correct answer is appropriate;
"Germany became a single, unified state, in 1871... "


Thank you for pointing out. The commas have been removed from the correct option and the explanation for option C has been modified accordingly.

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New post 28 Jul 2016, 21:24
I think this is a poor-quality question and I agree with explanation. I just think it's a poor quality question because we don't know what the sentence intends to emphasize: the emperor or Germany. From studying OG questions, I felt that the GMAC puts great amount of emphasis on the main idea of the sentence. I chose A because I felt that the recognition of the emperor was more important though it is in passive form. Anyway, just my opinion. Maybe you can modify this question in a way that it clearly expresses the main idea of the sentence.

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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2016, 09:35
tae808 wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question and I agree with explanation. I just think it's a poor quality question because we don't know what the sentence intends to emphasize: the emperor or Germany. From studying OG questions, I felt that the GMAC puts great amount of emphasis on the main idea of the sentence. I chose A because I felt that the recognition of the emperor was more important though it is in passive form. Anyway, just my opinion. Maybe you can modify this question in a way that it clearly expresses the main idea of the sentence.


A is wrong not because it conveys a wrong meaning,but because it conveys two different meanings and hence is ambiguous:
The recognition happened in 1871.
The recognition was valid for only 1871.

The problems with the other options are as below:

B. Wrong position of dependent clause modifier "when Germany...."- should ideally touch "1871".

C. Problematic meaning: This option conveys that Wilhelm was already an emperor when the treaty recognized him. It is not clear the treaty recognized him as what.

E. Wrong position of dependent clause modifier "when Germany...."- should ideally touch "1871".

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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2016, 06:29
can anybody explain me
option D changes the meaning due to the placement of "when"??
which event occurs first ??(recognition or Germany became) :( :shock: :roll:

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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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Karanagrawal wrote:
can anybody explain me
option D changes the meaning due to the placement of "when"??
which event occurs first ??(recognition or Germany became) :( :shock: :roll:


First of all, It has not been mentioned in any official guideline that the correct answer must retain the meaning of the original sentence. If there is only one grammatically correct choice, it must be selected even when it deviates in meaning from the original. However if there are two grammatically correct sentences, select the one that agrees with the intended meaning of the original sentence.

Second, the relative pronoun "when" very frequently imply that two things happen simultaneously (as in this case - both events occurred in 1871).

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Re V08-19 [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2016, 16:54
I think this is a poor-quality question. Are test takers expected to know whether the Treaty of Frankfurt recognised Wilhelm as Emperor after Germany became a single state, or if Germany became a single state after Wilhelm was recognised as emperor?

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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2016, 12:42
Naeemeeda wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question. Are test takers expected to know whether the Treaty of Frankfurt recognised Wilhelm as Emperor after Germany became a single state, or if Germany became a single state after Wilhelm was recognised as emperor?


No, it is not required to know about any historical event to answer this SC question. Each answer except D either has a grammatical mistake or is ambiguous.

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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2017, 12:57
sayantanc2k wrote:
Naeemeeda wrote:
I think this is a poor-quality question. Are test takers expected to know whether the Treaty of Frankfurt recognised Wilhelm as Emperor after Germany became a single state, or if Germany became a single state after Wilhelm was recognised as emperor?


No, it is not required to know about any historical event to answer this SC question. Each answer except D either has a grammatical mistake or is ambiguous.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/v08-202929.html#p1724647

Unfortunately, C & E Neither have any Grammatical error nor are they Ambiguous. They have been eliminated because both of them are Wordy. Every other error mentioned in OE is a mistake by the question writer. Here is why..

Quote:
(C) The passive voice construction 'when the Emperor Wilhelm I was recognized by the Treaty' is less idiomatic than the active voice construction of choice D; the word 'the' in 'the Emperor Wilhelm I' is unnecessarily wordy. The comma between two adjectives 'single' and 'unified' is not necessary.


GMAT neither tests the usage of Articles - A, An, and The - nor tests the usage of punctuation. So, the only reason to eliminate C is its passive construct and to eliminate E is its use of 3 extra words. Now, since there is no official question that eliminates 2 options for being wordy, this question is of a poor quality.
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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2017, 13:40
I to think its a poor quality question. Answer options are way too close and explanation is not clear.

1 more question :

Dont it looks like that Germany became a unified state in 1871 when the emperor was recognized by the treaty ? So does emperor being recognized has some bearing on Germany becoming a unified state.

Does this makes logical sense ???

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New post 22 Sep 2017, 23:24
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate.

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Re: V08-19 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2017, 06:06
I think the sentence is trying to imply X happened when Y.

But option D states Y happened when X.

Doesn't this alter the meaning of the sentence?

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New post 23 Oct 2017, 15:23
Option B and E are clearly wrong because "when" should touch "1871". Simple!
Option C is wrong not because it is wordy, but because there is placement problem, which in a way makes the sentence meaningless. It says "when the Emperor Wilhelm I was recognized by the Treaty of Frankfurt". Recognized as what?? The correct meaning should be "when the Wilhelm I was recognized as the Emperor" or "when the Treaty of Frankfurt recognized Wilhelm I as the Emperor".

I do see another flaw in option D. It says "recognized Wilhelm I as Emperor". I believe it should be "the Emperor". Emperor must have an article before. Someone said that GMAT doesn't test articles. Maybe that is true. So basically we are down to two options:

Option A which is grammatically correct, but in passive voice. Also this option emphasizes more on the recognition of Wilhelm I as the Emperor than on the unification of Germany.
Option D which is in active voice, but with a grammatical flaw. Also this option emphasizes more on the unification of Germany than on the recognition of Wilhelm I as the Emperor.

Since in this case it doesn't matter which way the emphasis goes (unification or recognition), it seems to me that the ultimate choice is between accepting passive voice, or accepting an article-flaw.

I am more inclined towards choosing option A, for two reasons:
1. The article-flaw is somehow hurting me too much. I do not recall reading any article/passage/line ever that mentions a king / emperor without an article before it. GMAT, although may not test articles, but I am just unable to ignore this flaw in this case. Also GMAT, although is not in favor of passive forms, it is still not dead against passive forms.
2. Option A emphasizes more on Wilhelm getting recognized, whereas option D emphasizes more on Treaty of Frankfurt giving the recognition. In this case, I don't think who gave the recognition matters as much as someone getting recognition as the Emperor. Read it this way:
1. Germany got unified when someone got recognized as the Emperor. MAKES BETTER SENSE TO ME!
2. Germany got unified when TOF recognized someone as the Emperor.

Unification of Germany is more related to Wilhelm becoming the Emperor, than who made him the Emperor.
So I am inclined towards choosing option A.

Please feel free to provide your inputs to my chain of thoughts.

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