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When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn

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Re: When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2017, 09:51
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SeregaP wrote:
got really confused with this one. Is E ok from the sentence structure point? Isn't it a run-on sentence?
Thank you

Option E says: In the shark's jaws, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down

A run-on sentence is when two Independent clauses are connected by a comma. However, the following portion of option E is not an Independent clause:

each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down

By the way, if there were to be an is in E (each one is ready to slide into the appropriate...) then option E would have been run-on.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses run-on, its application and examples in significant detail. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.
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Re: When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2017, 10:19
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A. Run on.

B. 'which' incorrectly refer to 'teeth'.

C. 'each one of which' - singular. 'are' - plural; Numbers error.

D. 'each one of which' incorrectly refer to 'teeth'.

E. Correct
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Re: When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2017, 10:27
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Ans: E
D & E correct the SV number error but introduced another pronoun ambiguity error. Each in Option D refers to jaws or teeth is not clear. Hence 'E'
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Re: When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2017, 13:30
SeregaP wrote:
got really confused with this one. Is E ok from the sentence structure point? Isn't it a run-on sentence?
Thank you


To add to the explanation above by EducationAisle:

The part "each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down" is a subgroup modifier referring to "many spare teeth". Hence the sentence is not run-on.
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Re: When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2019, 15:15
(D) The many spare teeth lying in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws, each one of which is ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.

Why isn't the first part of choice D an appositive modifier that modifies "each one of which" ?
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New post 04 May 2019, 21:52
freetheking wrote:
When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position.

(A) When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position.

(B) Whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws, which are each ready to slide into the appropriate position.

(C) Many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws, each one of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position when an active tooth is lost or worn down.

(D) The many spare teeth lying in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws, each one of which is ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.

(E) In the shark's jaws, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.




"each of which" in option A should take "is". Option A is wrong.

"each one of which" in option C should take "is". Therefore option C is wrong.

Is my understanding correct ? VeritasKarishma GMATNinja chetan2u
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Re: When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2019, 06:11
as per the intended meaning, limitless reserve = shark's jaws right ???

saying *many spare teeth lying in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws* just doesn't make any sense right???

hence B, C, & D gone

left with A & E... A clearly has a Subject-Verb error. Even though i am not fully convinced with option E, it is the correct answer.

experts..kindly review my analysis.. am i right????

this is an official question, kindly respond

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When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2019, 14:37
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aditliverpoolfc wrote:
as per the intended meaning, limitless reserve = shark's jaws right ???

saying *many spare teeth lying in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws* just doesn't make any sense right???[

hence B, C, & D gone

aditliverpoolfc , this analysis is a laudable effort because you are trying to understand what this sentence means while also keeping an eye out for grammar errors.

In sentences with many or weird prepositional phrases, though, other errors may be easier to spot.

I don't fully understand why the clause "many spare teeth [lie] in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws" does not make any sense.

Which part bothers you? What does "per intended meaning" refer to?

I agree that the construction is a bit awkward. Compare to E in which the prepositional phrases are broken up.
Quote:
limitless reserve = shark's jaws , right?

Not quite. limitless reserve (endless supply) = (of) shark's teeth

Prepositions are often the hardest part of English. Prepositional phrases are versatile.

We have two prepositional phrases that begin with IN.

(1) . . . [many] spare teeth LIE . . .
WHERE do the extra teeth lie?
in the shark's jaws

(2) HOW or in what way do the reserve teeth lie in the shark's jaws?
in seemingly limitless reserve
There are a LOT of these extra teeth.

In other words, there is not a "seemingly limitless reserve" of shark's jaws.
There is a seemingly limitless reserve of shark's teeth—teeth that lie (are housed) in the shark's jaws.

We can eliminate A, B, C, and D for other reasons.
Quote:
left with A & E... A clearly has a Subject-Verb error. Even though i am not fully convinced with option E, it is the correct answer.

experts..kindly review my analysis.. am i right????

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i look forward to hearing from you guys!

You are correct about (A), and you chose the easiest basis upon which to eliminate.
Each, singular, does not agree with are, plural.

Eliminate B because its opening modifier (whenever) distorts meaning. Option B means
-- The many spare teeth lie in limitless reserve at the time that or every time that or only when [and at that point, always when] an active tooth is lost or worn down.
-- No. The reserve teeth are always there.

Eliminate C because the pronoun one is singular and needs a singular verb, IS.

Eliminate D because no working verb exists
The ... teeth lying in seemingly endless reserve . . . , each one of which is ready to do XYZ.

• Option E?
In the shark's jaws, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.

Meaning: The jaws of a shark contain many more spare teeth than we would expect. Each spare tooth is ready to slide into place any time that an active tooth is lost or worn down.

Sharks have a lot of teeth, full stop. Now we find out that sharks have a huge supply of replacement teeth.

Parse the sentence:
-- Subject: [many] spare teeth
-- Verb: lie
-- Modifier: in the shark's jaws (WHERE do the teeth lie?)
-- Modifier: in seemingly limitless reserve (under what conditions or how do the teeth lie in the jaw? I am purposely not discussing how this phrase could be adjectivial)
-- Absolute phrase: each one ready to slide . . . (the absolute phrase modifies the whole idea in the main clause. Read about that modifier in this post, here.

If I have misunderstood your reasoning about why the words you emphasized make no sense, please rephrase your question a little more specifically, tell me the bases upon which you reasoned to that conclusion, and tag me.
I will be happy to respond. :)

I hope that helps.
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Re: When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2019, 23:37
freetheking wrote:
When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position.

(A) When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position.

(B) Whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws, which are each ready to slide into the appropriate position.

(C) Many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws, each one of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position when an active tooth is lost or worn down.

(D) The many spare teeth lying in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws, each one of which is ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.

(E) In the shark's jaws, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.


I have a doubt that in second independent clause each one ready... doesn't have verb for example each one "is/was/has" ready....so how this option is correct?
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Re: When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 02:55
workedupamigo wrote:
Quote:
When an active tooth in the shark’s jaws is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position.

A. When an active tooth in the shark’s jaws is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position.
B. Whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark’s jaws, which are each ready to slide into the appropriate position.
C. Many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark’s jaws, each one of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position when an active tooth is lost or worn down.
D. The many spare teeth lying in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark’s jaws, each one of which is ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.
E. In the shark’s jaws, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each one ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.


E seems to be the right answer.

In B,C,D, the relative pronoun "which" seems to refer to wrong antecedent instead of pointing to the teeth..

A...as pointed out earlier, seems to suggest that the spare teeth are available only when the active tooth is lost or worn down, which is not the case; the spare teeth are always available irrespective of whether the active tooth is lost or worn down.


no.

in many official questions, the OA contain which/that clause which stands behind a verb in a short preceding clause. this is quite possible because which/that clause is long and if we place this which/that clause after its subject, the subject is far from verb. this is bad.

so, caution. if we see which/that clause after a verb, dont think this is mistake. this can be a trap for us to eliminate the good choice and jump into wrong answer choices . i used to be fall into this trap.

so, in this problems, that 'which clause " stands after a verb is not an error but is acceptable. in choice C and D, which clause is correct but "are" and "lying" are wrong
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New post 04 Sep 2019, 04:53
Hi EMPOWERgmatVerbal, GMATNinja

Your explanations and way of tackling SC have really helped me. Could you please elaborate on this as well?
I was able to reach the correct answer but took 2.5 mins (too much time).
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Re: When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2019, 14:22
NL15 wrote:
Hi EMPOWERgmatVerbal, GMATNinja

Your explanations and way of tackling SC have really helped me. Could you please elaborate on this as well?
I was able to reach the correct answer but took 2.5 mins (too much time).

Sure thing! There's a nice juicy error in each of the incorrect answer choices.

Quote:
(A) When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve, each of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position.

Subject-verb agreement error: Each is a singular subject, so we'd write, "Each of which IS." Goodbye to (A).

Quote:
(B) Whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down, many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws, which are each ready to slide into the appropriate position.

"Which" seems to refer to "jaws." The jaws are sliding into position? Nah. It makes far more sense to write that the teeth are sliding into position. Get rid of (B.)

Quote:
(C) Many spare teeth lie in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws, each one of which are ready to slide into the appropriate position when an active tooth is lost or worn down.

This one manages to incorporate the errors we find in (A) and (B). Each...are is a subject-verb agreement error. And again, it sounds as though the jaws are sliding into place. Dig a small hole in the earth and place (C) inside.

Quote:
(D) The many spare teeth lying in seemingly limitless reserve in the shark's jaws, each one of which is ready to slide into the appropriate position whenever an active tooth is lost or worn down.

Again, the jaws seem to be sliding into place. Illogical. (D) is out.

That leaves us with (E), which is our answer.

Takeaway: anytime you find a mistake, scan the other answer choices to see if they contain the same problem.

I hope that helps!
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Re: When an active tooth in the shark's jaws is lost or worn   [#permalink] 19 Sep 2019, 14:22

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