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Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided  [#permalink]

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4 00:00

Difficulty:   35% (medium)

Question Stats: 69% (01:54) correct 31% (01:46) wrong based on 191 sessions

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Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided by 12?

I. 151
II. 3,443
III. 5,995

A) I only
B) I and II
C) I and III
D) II and III
E) I, II and III

How come the answer is C? 5995 Divided by 12 doesn't leave a remainder 7. Any idea people?

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Originally posted by enigma123 on 07 Nov 2011, 13:47.
Last edited by Bunuel on 15 Feb 2016, 01:42, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided  [#permalink]

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6
3
say x div by 12, should check whether x div by 3 and 4. (x is div by 3 if sum of all digits of x is div by 3, and x is div by 4, if the number formed by tens and ones, is div by 4)

since remainder is 7, we have x=12q+7 (rearrange the equation: x-7=12q)

151-7=12q => 144=12q => q=12 yes
3443-7=3436 => 3436=12q => 3+4+3+6 =16 not div by 3 so not div by 12 no
5995-7=5988 => 5988=12q => 5+9+8+8=30 which is div by 3, and 88 is div by 4, so it's div by 12 yes

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Re: Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided  [#permalink]

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151 = 12 * 12 + 7
3443 = 286 * 12 + 11
5995 = 499 * 12 + 7

Therefore, the answer is C.
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Re: Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided  [#permalink]

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1
1
for divisibility by 12,check for 3 and 4.
since after dividing remainder is 7,meaning after dividing by 3 remainder = 1
and after dividing by 4 remainder = 3.

so check for 151 giving 1 and 3 respectively.

also for 5995 (sum of the digits = 28) hence dividing by 3 remainder = 1 (3*9=27)
also for 4 (6000 is divisible,similarly 5996 is divisible,hence 5992 is divisible)

thus 5995-5992=3 will be remainder after dividing by 4.

thus C it is.So,without actual dividing you can test like this.
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Thanks Jack for the clear explanation
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Re: Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided  [#permalink]

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normal division looks much simpler ... and wont take much time as well Senior Manager  Joined: 15 Oct 2015
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Re: Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided  [#permalink]

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enigma123 wrote:
Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided by 12?

I. 151

II. 3,443

III. 5,995

A) I only

B) I and II

C) I and III

D) II and III

E) I, II and III

How come the answer is C? 5995 Divided by 12 doesn't leave a remainder 7. Any idea people?

the question is asking which will have a remainder 1 when divided by 3?
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Re: Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided  [#permalink]

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It al comes down to basic in the end,I guess.
x=12q+7
151=12q+7
144=12q
q=12
like wise can be found for other two.
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Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided  [#permalink]

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If a number has a remainder of 7 when divided by 12 it will have a remainder of 1 when divided by 3 --> 1 2 3 4 5 6 7. So all you have to do is divide all numbers by 3.
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Re: Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided  [#permalink]

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sq01 wrote:
If a number has a remainder of 7 when divided by 12 it will have a remainder of 1 when divided by 3 --> 1 2 3 4 5 6 7. So all you have to do is divide all numbers by 3.

Hi, sq01 and Nez,

It may not be correct idea to check only by 3 and take that as the answer..
You may have got the correct answer but may not be some other day in some other Q..

When 3 leaves a remainder of 1, the number div by 12 can leave a remainder of 1,4,7, or 10..
for example if one of the choice was 121. 121 leaves a remainder of 1 when div by 3, so you would mark tht as he answer.
But that would be wrong, since 121 leaves a remainder of 1, when div by 12..

therefore check for 3 and 4..
3 should leave a remainder 1, and 4 should leave a remainder of 3..
so if the number +1 is div by 4, that is our answer..

121 +1=122 this is not div by 4 as last two digits are not div by 4..
151 +1 = 152, 52 is div by 4, this is one of our answer.

Hope it helps

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GRE 1: Q169 V154 Re: Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided  [#permalink]

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1
only way to solve this question is via long division and see what is the remainder when the numbers are divided by 12
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Re: Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided  [#permalink]

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My technique was the followin:

1. We need to confirm that these numbers have a reminder of 7 when divided by 12:

$$x/12=k+7$$
$$x=12k+7$$

what if we add 5 to each answee and check that the answer is divisible by 12?

$$x+5 = 12k + (7+5) = 12(k+1)$$

I. 151 -> 151+5 = 156 correct:divisible by 4 and by 3
II. 3,443 -> 3448 -> wrong: the sum of the digits is not multiple of 3
III. 5,995 -> 6,000 clearly correct

Best,

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Re: Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: Which of the following would result in a remainder of 7 when divided   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2019, 18:41
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