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x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]
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15 Feb 2015, 22:24
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x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If \(x\sqrt{y} = 6\sqrt{6}\), then xy could equal A. 36 B. 48 C. 54 D. 96 E. 108
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Last edited by Bunuel on 16 Feb 2015, 02:59, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]
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Lucky2783 wrote: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If x sqrt(y) = 6 sqrt(6) , then xy could equal
36 48 54 96 108 First instinct, when you see \(x*\sqrt{y} = 6*\sqrt{6}\), you say that x = 6, y = 6 will satisfy this. But note that x < y. So y should be 6*Perfect square so that when you square root it, you are left with \(\sqrt{6}\). Try y = 6*4. Then x will be 3 so that you get 3*2 = 6 outside the square root. x*y = 3*24 = 72 (not in the options) Try y = 6*9. Then x will be 2 so that you get 2*3 = 6 outside the square root. x*y = 2*54 = 108 Answer (E)
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Re: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]
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16 Feb 2015, 18:38
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HI Lucky2783, This question is a mix of Exponent rules and Number Properties. We're told that X and Y are POSITIVE INTEGERS and that X < Y. We're also told that X(sqrt Y) = 6(sqrt 6). In most cases, we're asked to "simplify" a radical... For example: (sqrt 50) = 5(sqrt 2) Here, we have to go "in reverse" and put the 6 "back in" to the radical... 6(sqrt 6) = (sqrt 216) The question asks for a possible value of XY... We have (X)(X)(Y) = 216 as a reference Since the answers are ALL integers, we're looking for one, that when multiplied by another positive integer, gives us 216... Notice how 108 is exactly HALF of 216....? IF... (X)(Y) = 108 and X=2, then (X)(X)(Y) = 216. Final Answer: GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich
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Re: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]
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16 Feb 2015, 18:50
X and Y are positive integer, which eliminates all negative situation.
x\sqrt{y} = 6\sqrt{6} > \sqrt{x*x*y} = \sqrt{6*6*6} 6*6*6 = 3*2*3*2*3*2 since x<y > x= 2, xy = 3*2*3*2*3 = 108



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Re: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]
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16 Feb 2015, 19:02
Lucky2783 wrote: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If \(x\sqrt{y} = 6\sqrt{6}\), then xy could equal
A. 36 B. 48 C. 54 D. 96 E. 108 hi, since it is given \(x\sqrt{y} = 6\sqrt{6}\)... It is clear that \(\sqrt{y} = t\sqrt{6}\)... and t can be 2 or 3 or 6 as 6=2*3.. 1)let t=3 so x will be 2.. \(\sqrt{y} = 3\sqrt{6}\)... so y=\((3\sqrt{6})^2\) y=54 and xy=108.. ans E.. although we already have our ans, the two other possible values can be.. 2) the other possible value is t=2 and x=3 xy=3*\((2\sqrt{6})^2\)=3*24=72.. not a choice 3) the other possible value is t=6 and x=1 xy=1*\((6\sqrt{6})^2\)=1*216=216.. not a choice
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x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]
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16 Feb 2015, 19:08
EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote: HI Lucky2783, This question is a mix of Exponent rules and Number Properties. We're told that X and Y are POSITIVE INTEGERS and that X < Y. We're also told that X(sqrt Y) = 6(sqrt 6). In most cases, we're asked to "simplify" a radical... For example: (sqrt 50) = 5(sqrt 2) Here, we have to go "in reverse" and put the 6 "back in" to the radical... 6(sqrt 6) = (sqrt 216) The question asks for a possible value of XY... We have (X)(X)(Y) = 216 as a reference Since the answers are ALL integers, we're looking for one, that when multiplied by another positive integer, gives us 216... Notice how 108 is exactly HALF of 216....?IF... (X)(Y) = 108 and X=2, then (X)(X)(Y) = 216. Final Answer: GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich hi, the ans is correct but there are other values in choices which when multiplied by integer would give you 216.. A. 36.... 36*6=216 C. 54....54*4=216 E. 108...108*2=216... so it is important to see which of these satisfies the equation x<y to get the correct answer...
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Re: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]
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16 Feb 2015, 19:19
Hi chetan2u, As noted in my explanation, X and Y are both INTEGERS and X < Y; we need an answer that is in the format (X)(X)(Y) = 216 Of the 3 values that you listed, 2 of them do NOT fit that pattern. 36(6) = 216, but you would end up with (6)(6)(6) which is NOT a match (since X is NOT less than Y). 54(4) = 216, but you would end up with either (4)(4)(13.5) or (root54)(root54)(4), NEITHER of which is a match (since they both include NONinteger values). 108(2) = 216, which gives us (2)(2)(54), which IS the correct answer. GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich
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x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]
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14 Dec 2015, 18:57
x is smaller than y
\(x*sqrt(y) = 6*sqrt(6) sqrt[(x^2)*y] = sqrt(36*6) sqrt[(x^2)*y] = sqrt(216)\)
ok, let's find prime factorization of 216 ok, 216 = 2 * 108 108 = 2 * 54 stop right here! we have two 2's, and 54. since x^2 * y = 216, it might be the case that x=2 and y = 54. 2*54 = 108, and it is in the answer choices. since it is a "could be" question, there is no need to check further.



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