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x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If

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x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]

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x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If \(x\sqrt{y} = 6\sqrt{6}\), then xy could equal

A. 36
B. 48
C. 54
D. 96
E. 108
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Bunuel on 16 Feb 2015, 02:59, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2015, 22:42
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Lucky2783 wrote:
x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If x sqrt(y) = 6 sqrt(6) , then xy could equal

36
48
54
96
108


First instinct, when you see
\(x*\sqrt{y} = 6*\sqrt{6}\), you say that x = 6, y = 6 will satisfy this. But note that x < y.

So y should be 6*Perfect square so that when you square root it, you are left with \(\sqrt{6}\).

Try y = 6*4. Then x will be 3 so that you get 3*2 = 6 outside the square root.
x*y = 3*24 = 72 (not in the options)

Try y = 6*9. Then x will be 2 so that you get 2*3 = 6 outside the square root.
x*y = 2*54 = 108

Answer (E)
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Re: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]

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HI Lucky2783,

This question is a mix of Exponent rules and Number Properties.

We're told that X and Y are POSITIVE INTEGERS and that X < Y. We're also told that X(sqrt Y) = 6(sqrt 6).

In most cases, we're asked to "simplify" a radical...

For example:
(sqrt 50) = 5(sqrt 2)

Here, we have to go "in reverse" and put the 6 "back in" to the radical...

6(sqrt 6) = (sqrt 216)

The question asks for a possible value of XY...

We have (X)(X)(Y) = 216 as a reference

Since the answers are ALL integers, we're looking for one, that when multiplied by another positive integer, gives us 216... Notice how 108 is exactly HALF of 216....?

IF...
(X)(Y) = 108 and X=2, then (X)(X)(Y) = 216.

Final Answer:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


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Re: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2015, 18:50
X and Y are positive integer, which eliminates all negative situation.

x\sqrt{y} = 6\sqrt{6} ->
\sqrt{x*x*y} = \sqrt{6*6*6}
6*6*6 = 3*2*3*2*3*2
since x<y
-> x= 2, xy = 3*2*3*2*3 = 108
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Re: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]

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Lucky2783 wrote:
x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If \(x\sqrt{y} = 6\sqrt{6}\), then xy could equal

A. 36
B. 48
C. 54
D. 96
E. 108


hi,
since it is given
\(x\sqrt{y} = 6\sqrt{6}\)...
It is clear that \(\sqrt{y} = t\sqrt{6}\)...
and t can be 2 or 3 or 6 as 6=2*3..
1)let t=3 so x will be 2.. \(\sqrt{y} = 3\sqrt{6}\)...
so y=\((3\sqrt{6})^2\)
y=54 and xy=108.. ans E..
although we already have our ans, the two other possible values can be..
2) the other possible value is t=2 and x=3
xy=3*\((2\sqrt{6})^2\)=3*24=72.. not a choice
3) the other possible value is t=6 and x=1
xy=1*\((6\sqrt{6})^2\)=1*216=216.. not a choice
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Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html


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x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2015, 19:08
EMPOWERgmatRichC wrote:
HI Lucky2783,

This question is a mix of Exponent rules and Number Properties.

We're told that X and Y are POSITIVE INTEGERS and that X < Y. We're also told that X(sqrt Y) = 6(sqrt 6).

In most cases, we're asked to "simplify" a radical...

For example:
(sqrt 50) = 5(sqrt 2)

Here, we have to go "in reverse" and put the 6 "back in" to the radical...

6(sqrt 6) = (sqrt 216)

The question asks for a possible value of XY...

We have (X)(X)(Y) = 216 as a reference

Since the answers are ALL integers, we're looking for one, that when multiplied by another positive integer, gives us 216... Notice how 108 is exactly HALF of 216....?

IF...
(X)(Y) = 108 and X=2, then (X)(X)(Y) = 216.

Final Answer:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich


hi,
the ans is correct but there are other values in choices which when multiplied by integer would give you 216..
A. 36.... 36*6=216
C. 54....54*4=216
E. 108...108*2=216...
so it is important to see which of these satisfies the equation x<y to get the correct answer...
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Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html


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Re: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2015, 19:19
Hi chetan2u,

As noted in my explanation, X and Y are both INTEGERS and X < Y; we need an answer that is in the format (X)(X)(Y) = 216

Of the 3 values that you listed, 2 of them do NOT fit that pattern.

36(6) = 216, but you would end up with (6)(6)(6) which is NOT a match (since X is NOT less than Y).

54(4) = 216, but you would end up with either (4)(4)(13.5) or (root54)(root54)(4), NEITHER of which is a match (since they both include NON-integer values).

108(2) = 216, which gives us (2)(2)(54), which IS the correct answer.

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x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2015, 18:57
x is smaller than y

\(x*sqrt(y) = 6*sqrt(6)
sqrt[(x^2)*y] = sqrt(36*6)
sqrt[(x^2)*y] = sqrt(216)\)

ok, let's find prime factorization of 216
ok, 216 = 2 * 108
108 = 2 * 54
stop right here!
we have two 2's, and 54. since x^2 * y = 216, it might be the case that x=2 and y = 54. 2*54 = 108, and it is in the answer choices. since it is a "could be" question, there is no need to check further.
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Re: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If [#permalink]

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Re: x and y are positive integers such that x < y. If   [#permalink] 20 Jan 2018, 11:06
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