Author 
Message 
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 10 Mar 2014
Posts: 212

A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
30 Aug 2014, 05:58
Question Stats:
52% (01:49) correct 48% (02:03) wrong based on 289 sessions
HideShow timer Statistics
A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, such that the two figures touch at exactly 3 points, one on each side of the triangle. Which of the following is closest to the percent of the area of the triangle that lies within the circle? A 20 B 45 C 60 D 55 E 77
Official Answer and Stats are available only to registered users. Register/ Login.




Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8187
Location: Pune, India

Re: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
08 Sep 2014, 22:20
PathFinder007 wrote: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, such that the two figures touch at exactly 3 points, one on each side of the triangle. Which of the following is closest to the percent of the area of the triangle that lies within the circle?
A 20 B 45 C 60 D 55 E 77 PareshGmat's solution is crisp and perfect. Let me just add the explanation for this: Radius of inscribed circle =\(\frac{\sqrt{3}a}{6}\) We know that the altitude of the equilateral triangle will be \(\frac{\sqrt{3}a}{2}\) The altitude will also be the median and will pass through the center of the circle (since it is an equilateral triangle). We know that centroid divides the median in the ratio 2:1. The centroid will be the center of the circle since each median will pass through it due to symmetry. Hence the radius of the circle will be one third of the altitude. Radius = \(\frac{\sqrt{3}a}{2} * \frac{1}{3} = \frac{\sqrt{3}a}{6}\)
_________________
Karishma Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Save up to $1,000 on GMAT prep through 8/20! Learn more here >
GMAT selfstudy has never been more personalized or more fun. Try ORION Free!




SVP
Status: The Best Or Nothing
Joined: 27 Dec 2012
Posts: 1835
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)

A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
Updated on: 09 Sep 2014, 19:38
PathFinder007 wrote: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, such that the two figures touch at exactly 3 points, one on each side of the triangle. Which of the following is closest to the percent of the area of the triangle that lies within the circle?
A 20 B 45 C 60 D 55 E 77 Refer diagram below: Attachment:
qSvMt.png [ 9.17 KiB  Viewed 39588 times ]
Let the dimension of equilateral Triangle = a Area of the triangle\(= \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4} a^2\) Radius of inscribed circle \(= \frac{\sqrt{3}}{6} a\) Area of inscribed circle \(= \frac{\pi a^2}{12}\) Percentage area \(= \frac{\frac{\pi a^2}{12}}{\frac{\sqrt{3} a^2}{4}} * 100 = \frac{\pi}{3\sqrt{3}} * 100 = 62.8%\) Answer = C
_________________
Kindly press "+1 Kudos" to appreciate
Originally posted by PareshGmat on 08 Sep 2014, 21:26.
Last edited by PareshGmat on 09 Sep 2014, 19:38, edited 1 time in total.




Intern
Joined: 18 Aug 2014
Posts: 11
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT Date: 10082014
GPA: 3.23
WE: Analyst (Retail Banking)

A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
Updated on: 09 Sep 2014, 10:27
PathFinder007 wrote: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, such that the two figures touch at exactly 3 points, one on each side of the triangle. Which of the following is closest to the percent of the area of the triangle that lies within the circle?
A 20 B 45 C 60 D 55 E 77 Assume this as an equilateral triangle with side as a (Yes I know, this isn't an equilateral triangle hence i asked you to assume, this is the only diagram I got from internet and I am too lazy to draw one myself) Attachment: File comment: Diagram
Su55k02_m10 (1).gif [ 9.13 KiB  Viewed 39938 times ]
so now area of an equilateral triangle = \(\frac{\sqrt3}{4} * a^2\) 1 and area of the triangle is also equal to Area of triangle AOC+Area of AOB + Area of BOC = \(\frac{1}{2} * a * r\)( r is height of individual triangle) 2 from equation 1 & 2 above \(\frac{\sqrt3}{4} * a^2 = 3 * \frac{1}{2} * a * r\) from here we can get the value of a i.e. \(a = 2\sqrt{3} * r\) 3 Now, In the question we need to find out \(\frac{Area of circle inscribed}{Area of the equilateral triangle}\) which is equal to \(\frac{{\pi * r^2}}{{3* 1/2 * (2 \sqrt3 r)^2}}\) substituting the value of a from equation 3 =\(\frac{\pi}{{3 * \sqrt3}}\) \(\approx \frac{3.14}{{3 * 1.72}}\) \(\approx \frac{3.14}{{3 * 1.72}}\) \(\approx \frac{2}{3} \approx 0.66\) Notice that we reduced the numerator by \(0.26\) so our answer is going to be a bit inflated. Looking at the answer choices, C is the closest. (Notice that there's nothing between 60 and 70 in the options so we can be a little imprecise in this case) Hence the solution is C
_________________
The buttons on the left are the buttons you are looking for
Originally posted by Anamika2014 on 08 Sep 2014, 08:42.
Last edited by Anamika2014 on 09 Sep 2014, 10:27, edited 1 time in total.



SVP
Status: The Best Or Nothing
Joined: 27 Dec 2012
Posts: 1835
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)

Re: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
08 Sep 2014, 21:46
Anamika2014 wrote: PathFinder007 wrote: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, such that the two figures touch at exactly 3 points, one on each side of the triangle. Which of the following is closest to the percent of the area of the triangle that lies within the circle?
A 20 B 45 C 60 D 55 E 77 Assume this as an equilateral triangle with side as a (Yes I know, this isn't an equilateral triangle hence i asked you to assume, this is the only diagram I got from internet and I am too lazy to draw one myself) Attachment: Su55k02_m10 (1).gif so now area of an equilateral triangle = \(\frac{\sqrt3}{4} * a^2\) 1 and area of the triangle is also equal to Area of triangle AOC+Area of AOB + Area of BOC = \(\frac{1}{2} * a * r\)( r is height of individual triangle) 2 from equation 1 & 2 above \(\frac{\sqrt3}{4} * a^2 = 3 * \frac{1}{2} * a * r\) from here we can get the value of a i.e. \(a = 2\sqrt{3} * r\) 3 Now, In the question we need to find out \(\frac{Area of circle inscribed}{Area of the equilateral triangle}\) which is equal to \(\frac{{\pi * r^2}}{{3* 1/2 * (2 \sqrt3 r)^2}}\) substituting the value of a from equation 3 =\(\frac{\pi}{{3 * \sqrt3}}\) \approx \frac{3.14}{{3 * 1.72}}
\(\approx \frac{3.4}{{3 * 1.72}}[m]\approx \frac{2}{3} \approx 0.66\) Notice that we reduced the numerator by \(0.26\) so our answer is going to be a bit inflated. Looking at the answer choices, C is the closest. (Notice that there's nothing between 60 and 70 in the options so we can be a little imprecise in this case) Hence the solution is C It has to be 3.14 instead of 3.40
_________________
Kindly press "+1 Kudos" to appreciate



SVP
Joined: 08 Jul 2010
Posts: 2137
Location: India
GMAT: INSIGHT
WE: Education (Education)

Re: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
03 Feb 2016, 09:56
PathFinder007 wrote: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, such that the two figures touch at exactly 3 points, one on each side of the triangle. Which of the following is closest to the percent of the area of the triangle that lies within the circle?
A 20 B 45 C 60 D 55 E 77 To answer this question we need (Area of circle/Area of Triangle)*100 If the circle is in Equilateral triangle then (1/3)*Height of equilateral Triangle = Radius of Circle i.e. Radius of Circle = \((1/3)*(\sqrt{3}/2)*side = Side/2\sqrt{3}\) (Area of circle/Area of Triangle)*100 = \((Pi Side^2/12)*100/ \sqrt{3}*Side^2/4 = pi*100/3\sqrt{3} = 60%\) Answer: Option C
_________________
Prosper!!! GMATinsight Bhoopendra Singh and Dr.Sushma Jha email: info@GMATinsight.com I Call us : +919999687183 / 9891333772 Online OneonOne Skype based classes and Classroom Coaching in South and West Delhi http://www.GMATinsight.com/testimonials.html
22 ONLINE FREE (FULL LENGTH) GMAT CAT (PRACTICE TESTS) LINK COLLECTION



VP
Joined: 07 Dec 2014
Posts: 1066

A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
10 Mar 2017, 10:07
PathFinder007 wrote: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, such that the two figures touch at exactly 3 points, one on each side of the triangle. Which of the following is closest to the percent of the area of the triangle that lies within the circle?
A 20 B 45 C 60 D 55 E 77 let r=both the radius of the inscribed circle and the base of each of the 6 identical 306090 right triangles subsumed by the equilateral triangle area of circle=⫪r^2 area of equilateral triangle=6*1/2*r*r√3=3r^2√3 ⫪r^2/3r^2√3=⫪/3√3≈.60=60% C
Attachments
circleintriangle.png [ 30.23 KiB  Viewed 33741 times ]



Director
Joined: 12 Nov 2016
Posts: 772
Location: United States
GPA: 2.66

Re: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
14 Mar 2017, 23:44
PareshGmat wrote: PathFinder007 wrote: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, such that the two figures touch at exactly 3 points, one on each side of the triangle. Which of the following is closest to the percent of the area of the triangle that lies within the circle?
A 20 B 45 C 60 D 55 E 77 Refer diagram below: Attachment: qSvMt.png Let the dimension of equilateral Triangle = a Area of the triangle\(= \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4} a^2\) Radius of inscribed circle \(= \frac{\sqrt{3}}{6} a\) Area of inscribed circle \(= \frac{\pi a^2}{12}\) Percentage area \(= \frac{\frac{\pi a^2}{12}}{\frac{\sqrt{3} a^2}{4}} * 100 = \frac{\pi}{3\sqrt{3}} * 100 = 62.8%\) Answer = C How did you know to apply these formulas? Was there some kind of algebra you did to arrive at root3 divided by 4? I don't understand where you got root 3 divided 4  I know it works because I plugged it in and tried but don't understand what math I need to do to get there.



Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8187
Location: Pune, India

Re: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
15 Mar 2017, 01:59
Nunuboy1994 wrote: PareshGmat wrote: PathFinder007 wrote: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, such that the two figures touch at exactly 3 points, one on each side of the triangle. Which of the following is closest to the percent of the area of the triangle that lies within the circle?
A 20 B 45 C 60 D 55 E 77 Refer diagram below: Attachment: qSvMt.png Let the dimension of equilateral Triangle = a Area of the triangle\(= \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4} a^2\) Radius of inscribed circle \(= \frac{\sqrt{3}}{6} a\) Area of inscribed circle \(= \frac{\pi a^2}{12}\) Percentage area \(= \frac{\frac{\pi a^2}{12}}{\frac{\sqrt{3} a^2}{4}} * 100 = \frac{\pi}{3\sqrt{3}} * 100 = 62.8%\) Answer = C How did you know to apply these formulas? Was there some kind of algebra you did to arrive at root3 divided by 4? I don't understand where you got root 3 divided 4  I know it works because I plugged it in and tried but don't understand what math I need to do to get there. If the side of an equilateral triangle is s, The altitude of the equilateral triangle \(= \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2} * s\) (Draw the altitude of an equilateral triangle and then use pythagorean theorem on the right triangle obtained) The area of the equilateral triangle \(= (\frac{1}{2})*base*altitude = (\frac{1}{2})*s*\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}s = \frac{\sqrt{3}}{4} s^2\)
_________________
Karishma Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Save up to $1,000 on GMAT prep through 8/20! Learn more here >
GMAT selfstudy has never been more personalized or more fun. Try ORION Free!



Director
Joined: 12 Nov 2016
Posts: 772
Location: United States
GPA: 2.66

Re: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
15 Mar 2017, 18:39
Okay the formulas appear to be more clear and logical now but my question is how do you divide a number by an imperfect square for example, in a equilateral triangle with sides of 2, I used the formula root divided by 4 times 2^2 to get the area. The formula needed to solve the problem as stated is area of circle/ area of triangle * 100 so now we have the denominator. Knowing that 1/3 of the height of equilateral triangle is the radius we can use the Pythagorean Theorem or other formula Karishma stated and arrive at root/ three. The area of the circle is then pi times root/3 squared. We can then simplify and arrive at pi times 1/3 (1/3 is the radius square in simplest form) divided by root 3. On my calculator this equals .60 though how would you make that calculation without a calculator?



Director
Affiliations: CrackVerbal
Joined: 03 Oct 2013
Posts: 520
Location: India

Re: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
15 Mar 2017, 22:50
Hi, Since couple of replies already used equilateral triangle formula, to solve the question Let’s see now how to solve this question, with using the basic area of triangle formula, If the question asks for percentages or ratios always we can try some number out, Here say the side of the equilateral triangle is “6”, We have to find the area of the triangle and area of the circle inscribed, That is, (Area of the circle inscribed/Area of the triangle)*100 Area of the circle is (pi)* r^2 Area of the triangle is ½ * base * height Refer to the diagram, So, here area of the triangle, ½ * 6 * 3 (root 3) = 9 root 3, Also remember that, radius of the circle is always 1/3 rd the height of the equilateral triangle (This is because, Medians of the triangle intersects at 1:2 ratio). So here the radius would be, 1/3(3 root 3) = root 3 So the Area of the circle is, pi * (root 3)^2 = 3 * pi, We can approximate “pi” value as “3“, because answer choices are wide enough, So then area of the circle approximately is 9. Now, Area of the triangle, we can approximate as 9 root 3 = 9 * 1.7 = 15.3, So we can further approximate it as 15. So we can find the percentage now, (Area of the circle inscribed/Area of the triangle)*100 (9/15)* 100. This is 60%. So the answer is C. Hope this helps
Attachments
Triangle  inscribed circle.png [ 11.07 KiB  Viewed 33494 times ]
_________________
For more info on GMAT and MBA, follow us on @AskCrackVerbal



Manager
Joined: 09 Jan 2016
Posts: 120
GPA: 3.4
WE: General Management (Human Resources)

Re: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
16 Mar 2017, 07:01
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote: PathFinder007 wrote: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, such that the two figures touch at exactly 3 points, one on each side of the triangle. Which of the following is closest to the percent of the area of the triangle that lies within the circle?
A 20 B 45 C 60 D 55 E 77 PareshGmat's solution is crisp and perfect. Let me just add the explanation for this: Radius of inscribed circle =\(\frac{\sqrt{3}a}{6}\) We know that the altitude of the equilateral triangle will be \(\frac{\sqrt{3}a}{2}\) The altitude will also be the median and will pass through the center of the circle (since it is an equilateral triangle). We know that centroid divides the median in the ratio 2:1. The centroid will be the center of the circle since each median will pass through it due to symmetry. Hence the radius of the circle will be one third of the altitude. Radius = \(\frac{\sqrt{3}a}{2} * \frac{1}{3} = \frac{\sqrt{3}a}{6}\) PareshGmat's solution is comprehensive ..Could you please give some similar problems Like it...I think this is harder than OG books questions.



Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8187
Location: Pune, India

Re: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
16 Mar 2017, 08:09
Nunuboy1994 wrote: Okay the formulas appear to be more clear and logical now but my question is how do you divide a number by an imperfect square for example, in a equilateral triangle with sides of 2, I used the formula root divided by 4 times 2^2 to get the area. The formula needed to solve the problem as stated is area of circle/ area of triangle * 100 so now we have the denominator. Knowing that 1/3 of the height of equilateral triangle is the radius we can use the Pythagorean Theorem or other formula Karishma stated and arrive at root/ three. The area of the circle is then pi times root/3 squared. We can then simplify and arrive at pi times 1/3 (1/3 is the radius square in simplest form) divided by root 3. On my calculator this equals .60 though how would you make that calculation without a calculator? You are asked for the closest value, so approximate. sqrt(2) = 1.4 sqrt(3) = 1.7 If needed, these values are likely to be given in the question anyway. Though most likely, options in actual GMAT questions will retain the irrational numbers. So you would probably see options in terms of sqrt(3).
_________________
Karishma Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
Save up to $1,000 on GMAT prep through 8/20! Learn more here >
GMAT selfstudy has never been more personalized or more fun. Try ORION Free!



Senior Manager
Status: Come! Fall in Love with Learning!
Joined: 05 Jan 2017
Posts: 433
Location: India

Re: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
17 Mar 2017, 03:45
let the side of the triangle be a area = √3 a^2/4 median length = √3 a/2 radius = 1/3 *√3 a/ 2 = a/ 2√3 area of circle = pi *a/2√3 * a/2√3 = pi * a^2/ 12 therefore percentage = (pi a^2/12)/ √3 a^2/4 around 60%
_________________
GMAT Mentors



NonHuman User
Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 7720

Re: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area
[#permalink]
Show Tags
12 Apr 2018, 08:55
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up  doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
GMAT Books  GMAT Club Tests  Best Prices on GMAT Courses  GMAT Mobile App  Math Resources  Verbal Resources




Re: A circle is inscribed in an equilateral triangle, Find area &nbs
[#permalink]
12 Apr 2018, 08:55






