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A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther

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A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 09 Oct 2018, 04:55
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A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Therefore, the citizens of Town S are better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT:


(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.

(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.

(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T.

(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.

(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S is lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T.

Originally posted by ricokevin on 12 Feb 2007, 02:05.
Last edited by Bunuel on 09 Oct 2018, 04:55, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2018, 03:45
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ricokevin wrote:
A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Therefore, the citizens of Town S are better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT:


(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.

(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.

(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T.

(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.

(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S is lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T.


Premise:
A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T.

Conclusion: The citizens of Town S are better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.

We certainly jumped the gun here, right? Just because more papers are sold, we can't conclude that citizens of S are better informed.
What if town S has many more people than town T? That will explain why more papers are sold in S. Option (A)
What if town S people buy the newspapers for discount coupons but not read it? Again, then people of S may not be better informed. Option (C)
What if newspapers printed in town S are of local news only. Then town S people will not be better informed about major world events. Option (D)
Option (B) says that people of town T buy their newspapers in town S. That also explains more papers sold in S though people of town T may be better informed.

(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S is lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T.
Price has nothing to do with whether people will be better informed. Just because you price a product lower, doesn't mean it will automatically sell more. Only someone who wants to buy it will buy it. Besides, the price may be lower because more papers are sold (economies of scale) so the cause may be "more papers sold" and lower price may be the effect, not the other way around.
This does not weaken our conclusion.

Answer (E)
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2014, 18:55
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PREMISE- A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T.
CONCLUSION - Citizens of Town S are better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.
Assumption- GREATER NUMBER OF NEWSPAPERS SOLD ---MEANS-----CITIZENS BETTER INFORMED
Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT: WE have to eliminate all weaken scenarios. Anything which suggests

(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T. ...SINCE population large, proportional "better informed" factor reduces....
(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there...weakener
(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T....hence may not be better informed..weakener
(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S. ..may not " better inform" citizens on world events
(E) The average news stand price of newspapers sold in Town S is lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T. ....price does'nt matter in being better informed....CORRECT
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 05:15
A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Therefore, the citizens of Town S are better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT:

(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.

Weakens the argument .

(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.

Weakens the argument .

(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T.

Weakens the argument

(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.

Not relevant

(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S is lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T.
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Feb 2018, 11:44
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ariagrwl wrote:
why not "c" since c is telling about time and time has nothing to do with knowledge. so, it is not weakening the sentence

Quote:
A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Therefore, the citizens of Town S are better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT:

(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.

(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.

(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T.

(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.

(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S is lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T.

The passage tell us that more newspapers are sold in Town S that in Town T. But does that necessarily mean that the people in Town S read more news than people in Town T? The number of newspapers sold doesn't necessarily tell us anything about the amount of news that is read.

For example, maybe most people in Town S buy a newspaper, read a few headlines, and then throw it out. Or perhaps the newspapers sold in Town S are not very thorough (i.e. do not contain many news stories).

The people in Town T might buy fewer newspapers on average. But maybe the average newspaper in Town T is much longer and contains more news. Maybe the average person in Town T spends much more time actually reading the news, even though they don't buy as many newspapers.

Choice (C) would indeed weaken the conclusion, so it must be eliminated.

And welcome to GMAT Club, ariagrwl!
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2018, 09:22
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A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Therefore, the citizens of Town S are better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT:

(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T. -Weakener. If 500 out of 1000 buy newspaper in S and if 90 out of 100 buy newspaper in T then the argument goes for a toss

(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there. -Clear weakener

(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T. -Clear weakener

(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S. -The sales of a local newspaper is the cause of higher sales in S than in T. Thus, people in S won't be more educated about the "world" news than people in T. Weakener

(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S is lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T. -Irrelevant to the argument and thus correct choice
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 11:29
Can anybody please tell that how D weakens the conclusion that the citizens of town S are more informed about major world events than that of town T?

D says that there is a weekly newspaper that is focused on local events, but doesn’t mention that it is the ONLY newspaper that is being published the town S. Citizens of town S can get info about major world events from other newspapers.
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2018, 09:15
@GMATNinja- why is d not the answer? D talks about a local newspaper. While conclusion is on major news events.

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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2018, 07:47
nightblade354 VeritasPrepKarishma

Can you please help me out here with my reasoning and PoE?

Quote:
A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Therefore, the citizens of Town S are better informed about major world events than are the citizens of Town T.


Premise: Greater number of newspapers sold in S than in T.
Conclusion: Citizens of S are more informed than of T.
A huge leap of sales of newspapers vs people being educated from them is made here.

Possible weakener: Internet is cheaper in S and all major news are covered on net.

Quote:
Each of the following, if true, weakens the conclusion above EXCEPT:


Cross out anything in answer choice that weakens above argument:

Quote:
(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T.


gmatexam439 I could not follow you in explanations. How is number of people residing in either town
linked with the knowledge they gain from newspapers?

Quote:
(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there.

Same query as above: How is working in a particular town linked with not gaining / gaining
knowledge about major events?


Quote:
(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T.


GMATNinja , I apologize that in few of rare instances, I could not understand your earlier explanation.
The average here refers to fraction : total no of news articles read to total population?

Quote:
(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S.


Quote:
(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S is lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T.

gmatexam439 but does not as in (D) , (E) too provides an alternative explanation (sales) than the number of newspapers sold that
are responsible for people to gather more world news. If average price of newspapers in S is low average price of newspapers
in T (here average means: total price of newspapers / total no of newspapers sold) then more no of newspapers are sold in S (reducing denominaotor
of fraction will increase overall fraction)
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2018, 13:57
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adkikani,

Glad to help. (E) is absolutely, positively, 100 percently the answer. Who cares about price? If more newspapers are sold, how does price affect an already sold newspaper? It doesn't. This question isn't posed around income or revenue, it is about the information gathered. We don't care how much that information costs. This doesn't STRENGTHEN the argument, but it doesn't weaken it either. Hence, this is the answer. If you feel confused, I believe the people above will answer your inquiries about their specific posts, but know that if one answer is 100% correct and irrefutable, go with it!
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2018, 22:53
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(A) Town S has a larger population than Town T. - If the town has S has more population than town T and the conclusion did not take this into account. So, this weakens the conclusion as it cannot be better informed based on sales.

(B) Most citizens of Town T work in Town S and buy their newspapers there. - This accounts for some sales in S and so increase in sales in not totally accountable to informedness.

(C) The average citizen of Town S spends less time reading newspapers than does the average citizen of Town T. -Buying the newspaper does not guarantee the factor of informedness. As it is stated that people in town S read less than people of town T. This weakens the conclusion.

(D) A weekly newspaper restricted to the coverage of local events is published in Town S. - This increases the possibility of town S to have more knowledge and may weaken but not sure.

(E) The average newsstand price of newspapers sold in Town S is lower than the average price of newspapers sold in Town T. - As the prices are low and sales are high, this implies that more people are buying and there is a possibility that they are getting more informed so this option kind of strengthens the conclusion.

Amond D and E.
I choose E.

Can anyone explain a good reason why E and not D?
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2019, 08:51
adkikani
Hope so your doubt is clear in case it is not
Option E talks about AVERAGE PRICE that is irrelevant since even if you consider lower price more sell
There may be newspaper with lower cost in town T so it doesn't weaken
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2019, 10:45
VeritasKarishma GMATNinja

Could I possibly ask you for your take on answer choice D? I was deciding between D and E and went with D.

My reasoning: if there is one newspaper that focuses on local news then so what? From the prompt we know that there is a greater number of newspapers sold in Town S. Thank you.
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2019, 01:58
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Xin Cho wrote:
VeritasKarishma GMATNinja

Could I possibly ask you for your take on answer choice D? I was deciding between D and E and went with D.

My reasoning: if there is one newspaper that focuses on local news then so what? From the prompt we know that there is a greater number of newspapers sold in Town S. Thank you.


Yes, we know that a greater number of newspapers are sold in town S. On the basis of this, we are saying that people of S are more well informed about GLOBAL EVENTS.

Now, if we come to know that one of the newspapers is local news only, it does bring our conclusion in question since our conclusion is based on number of newspapers sold only. If some of those sold do not discuss global events, we are not sure that people of A are more well informed about global events. Note that a weakener needs to bring doubt regarding the conclusion. It doesn't need to prove that the conclusion is false.
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2019, 09:58
Thank you so much for the quick and detailed reply VeritasKarishma

Before, I assumed that simply one newspaper will not weaken the conclusion. If I have many newspapers (supposedly about global events) then if one of them does not discuss global events then who cares. But as you say that still brings down the number of newspapers regardless of the initial number whether it is 1000 or just 10.

Thank you again!
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Re: A greater number of newspapers are sold in Town S than in Town T. Ther   [#permalink] 23 Sep 2019, 09:58
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