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# Adverb and Participle

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Intern
Joined: 20 Sep 2008
Posts: 46
Adverb and Participle [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2008, 02:42
Hello,

In general , I was wondering when the adverb modifying the participle should precede it as it is the case of choice (B) and when it should not??? is there any genral rule?
And when it comes to the verb for instance "increased", the adverb "hardly" shall precede the verb increased or not? and what is the difference is both meanings?

Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during two decades, stringent rationing and planned distribution have allowed the People’s Republic of China to ensure nutritional levels of 2,000 calories per person per day for its population.

(A) Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during
(B) Even though its per capita food supply has hardly increased in
(C) Despite its per capita food supply hardly increasing over
(D) Despite there being hardly any increase in its per capita food supply during
(E) Although there is hardly any increase in per capita food supply for

Secondly, Shall we say "in" two decades" or "during" two decades???

thanksssss
SVP
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2467
Re: Adverb and Participle [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2008, 09:47
jugolo1 wrote:
Hello,

In general , I was wondering when the adverb modifying the participle should precede it as it is the case of choice (B) and when it should not??? is there any genral rule?
And when it comes to the verb for instance "increased", the adverb "hardly" shall precede the verb increased or not? and what is the difference is both meanings?

Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during two decades, stringent rationing and planned distribution have allowed the People’s Republic of China to ensure nutritional levels of 2,000 calories per person per day for its population.

(A) Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during
(B) Even though its per capita food supply has hardly increased in
(C) Despite its per capita food supply hardly increasing over
(D) Despite there being hardly any increase in its per capita food supply during
(E) Although there is hardly any increase in per capita food supply for

Secondly, Shall we say "in" two decades" or "during" two decades???

thanksssss

B. I look for the correct order of tense.
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Re: Adverb and Participle [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2008, 11:56
Hi guys,

IMO E

Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during two decades, stringent rationing and planned distribution have allowed the People’s Republic of China to ensure nutritional levels of 2,000 calories per person per day for its population.

(A) Even though its per capita food supply hardly increased during what is "it" refering to? it cannot refer to stringent rationing and planned distribution, so incorrect
(B) Even though its per capita food supply has hardly increased in same reason as in A
(C) Despite its per capita food supply hardly increasing over same reason as in A
(D) Despite there being hardly any increase in its per capita food supply during being
(E) Although there is hardly any increase in per capita food supply for Hold

OA and Source?

Thanks
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Manager
Joined: 18 Nov 2008
Posts: 115
Re: Adverb and Participle [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2008, 12:12
IMO B is correct

"during" isn't preferable in gmat, and also in this sentence this word doesn't characterizies time properly

E changes meaning a bit, and time isn't defined correctly: FOR which two decades, when?
Manager
Joined: 02 Nov 2008
Posts: 58
Re: Adverb and Participle [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2008, 12:55
b
Director
Joined: 12 Oct 2008
Posts: 538
Re: Adverb and Participle [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2008, 16:01
IMO A....what is the OA?
Intern
Joined: 20 Sep 2008
Posts: 46
Re: Adverb and Participle [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2008, 21:53
OA is B
VP
Joined: 18 May 2008
Posts: 1258
Re: Adverb and Participle [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2008, 01:32
I have a doubt. In B, isnt its referring to " stringent rationing and planned distribution" instead of China?
jugolo1 wrote:
OA is B
Manager
Joined: 26 Oct 2008
Posts: 116
Re: Adverb and Participle [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2008, 23:16
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The correct answer is definitely (B). The original question is a bit misleading, because there is not a single participle in any of the answer choices. The verbs or verb "derivatives" in the answer choices are:

(A) "increased" -- verb in the past tense, not a participle
(B) "has increased" -- verb in the perfect tense, not a participle
(C) "increasing" -- gerund, playing the role of a noun as the complement of the preposition "despite". Not a participle, because participles play the role of an adjective.
(D) "being" -- gerund, playing the role of a noun as the complement of "despite". (Note that the GMAT hates "there is", whether it appears in a clause or a gerund such as this.)
(E) "is" -- verb in the present tense. (Note that the GMAT doesn't like restructuring a sentence so that a verb with a specific meaning such as "increase" is replaced by "is" plus a noun.)

The position of the adverb "hardly" is not the issue either. It appears before the verb in both (A) and (B), and before the gerund in (C). It is just one of the peculiarities of English that when we put an adverb before a compound verb form such as the perfect, we usually stick it in between the auxiliary ("has") and the main verb. Don't ask me WHY; it's just what we do.

The important thing is selecting the correct tense. Both the "even though" clause and the principal clause describe events or actions that have taken place through the past two decades up to the present. The food supply per capita has hardly increased over that time period, and rationing etc. have enabled China to provide 2,000 calories per day over that time period. The perfect tense is correct for actions/events that take place over a past time period up to and including the present, so it must be used in both clauses. (B) does this.
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Re: Adverb and Participle   [#permalink] 15 Dec 2008, 23:16
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# Adverb and Participle

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