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All of the carbon-emissions permits were supposed to be sold

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All of the carbon-emissions permits were supposed to be sold  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Jun 2017, 09:44
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A
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All of the carbon-emissions permits were supposed to be sold at auction, but the bill's authors ended up giving away 85 percent of them free at the outset of the program, which won votes, but that some environmental advocates said undercut the program's integrity.

A. program, which won votes, but that some environmental advocates said
B. program, thereby winning votes; however, some environmental advocates said this
C. program that won votes but that some environmental advocates said
D. program to win votes, however this was said by some environmental advocates to
E. program, and it won votes, of which some environmental advocates said

Originally posted by darlingriyarai on 25 Nov 2012, 11:21.
Last edited by abhimahna on 29 Jun 2017, 09:44, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: All of the carbon-emissions permits were supposed to be sold  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2012, 20:27
darlingriyarai wrote:
All of the carbon-emissions permits were supposed to be sold at auction, but the bill's authors ended up giving away 85 percent of them free at the outset of the program, which won votes, but that some environmental advocates said undercut the program's integrity.

A. program, which won votes, but that some environmental advocates said
B. program, thereby winning votes; however, some environmental advocates said this
C. program that won votes but that some environmental advocates said
D. program to win votes, however this was said by some environmental advocates to
E. program, and it won votes, of which some environmental advocates said


"This" has no referrent in most of the options and by the way, Gmat doesn't likes "this". In E, what is "it" referring to? "it" will always standby for the noun but here it stands for "ended up giving away 85 percent of them". Thats incorrect.
In D, the meaning has entirely changed by using infinitive construction, implying an "intention".
In A, which modifies "program". It was NOT the program that won votes.
Logically speaking, since "but that" is being used, therefore a "that" phrase is needed for parallelism.
+1 C.
Hope that helps.

P.S. Always do mention the source of the question. It helps us to know the credibility of the question.
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Re: All of the carbon-emissions permits were supposed to be sold  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 11:50
what is the answer for this question?
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Re: All of the carbon-emissions permits were supposed to be sold  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 13:44
Marcab, since the program isn't what won votes, the answer can't be C, either. "That" is a noun modifier, and so would modify "program."

B is the only plausible answer here.
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Re: All of the carbon-emissions permits were supposed to be sold  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 21:11
DmitryFarber wrote:
Marcab, since the program isn't what won votes, the answer can't be C, either. "That" is a noun modifier, and so would modify "program."

B is the only plausible answer here.


"thereby winning votes" is a grammar issue that will be tested in gmat?
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Re: All of the carbon-emissions permits were supposed to be sold  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 09:44
chesstitans wrote:
"thereby winning votes" is a grammar issue that will be tested in gmat?


Hi chesstitans ,

"thereby winning votes" is specifying the result of the action. Hence, there is nothing wrong with this.
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Re: All of the carbon-emissions permits were supposed to be sold  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 23:16
chesstitans, I'm not sure what you mean about the grammar of "thereby winning votes." One of the main advantages of B over the other choices is that it makes it clear *who* is winning the votes--the bill's authors. The use of an adverbial modifier ("thereby winning votes") allows us to skip over the intervening nouns and show the result of the author's action. There's nothing special about this particular phrase that you need to memorize--it's simply a difference between noun modifiers and adverbial modifiers.
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All of the carbon-emissions permits were supposed to be sold  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 23:35
DmitryFarber wrote:
chesstitans, I'm not sure what you mean about the grammar of "thereby winning votes." One of the main advantages of B over the other choices is that it makes it clear *who* is winning the votes--the bill's authors. The use of an adverbial modifier ("thereby winning votes") allows us to skip over the intervening nouns and show the result of the author's action. There's nothing special about this particular phrase that you need to memorize--it's simply a difference between noun modifiers and adverbial modifiers.


thank you, both you and the guy named abhimahna are helpful.
So, "thereby" is also an adverb that follows a commas, and then another adverb.
I guess the main structure is S does to Y, doing
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All of the carbon-emissions permits were supposed to be sold &nbs [#permalink] 29 Jun 2017, 23:35
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