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# At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land

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At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 03 May 2020, 19:50
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Question Stats:

84% (01:07) correct 16% (01:15) wrong based on 952 sessions

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At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever would be needed by each of them.

(A) a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever would be needed by each of them

(B) they would need a visa, a landing card, and evidence of their being inoculated against typhoid fever

(C) they would need evidence of being inoculated against typhoid fever and a visa and landing card

(D) they would each need a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever

(E) they would need visas, landing cards, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever for each of them

Originally posted by okdongdong on 12 Aug 2005, 06:16.
Last edited by Abhi077 on 03 May 2020, 19:50, edited 3 times in total.
Corrected option B
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2013, 10:35
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okdongdong wrote:
At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever would be needed by each of them.
(A) a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever would be needed by each of them
(B) they would need a visa, a landing visa, and evidence of their being inoculated against typhoid fever
(C) they would need evidence of being inoculated against typhoid fever and a visa and landing card
(D) they would each need a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever
(E) they would need visas, landing cards, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever for each of them.

sujit2k7 wrote:
Can u please post your ans for this question. I am not sure what is wrong in A.

I am responding to a private message from sujit2k7. I like this SC question. Here's a full analysis.

(A) a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever would be needed by each of them
This answer is 100% grammatically correct, but unfortunately, it's in the passive structure, which makes it weak, indirect, and flaccid. The passive voice is not always wrong, but when an active alternative is readily available, the passive will never be correct on the GMAT. For more on this see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/active-vs- ... -the-gmat/
If all four other answers were completely wrong, we might have to settle for (A), because at least it's free of grammatical error, but we strongly suspect that we will find something considerably stronger.
(B) they would need a visa, a landing visa, and evidence of their being inoculated against typhoid fever
This one starts out strong, but the phrase "...evidence of their being inoculated against ..." is an abomination. This is like a giant flashing neon sign that says: take this answer choice out back and shoot it! (B) is incorrect.
(C) they would need evidence of being inoculated against typhoid fever and a visa and landing card
There no way this choice could be correct, but it wins a comedy award. First of all, it has the "evidence of being inoculated against" flaw, like (B), but what's great is that the horrible word order suggests folks have to be inoculated against typhoid, inoculated against a visa, and inoculated against a landing card! Good laughs, but (C) is flamboyantly incorrect.
(D) they would each need a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever
Direct, clear, sleek, elegant --- a very strong candidate for the correct answer.
(E) they would need visas, landing cards, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever for each of them.
This one is indefinably awkward. First of all, we are conflating what they need collectively with what they need individually. Furthermore, the "each of them" structure at the end is awkward --- does each of them have their own brand of typhoid fever, thereby each needing his own kind of inoculation?? This is awkward and puzzling, not a good example of clear & strong writing.

Mike
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##### General Discussion
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2005, 07:14
1
D is my choice.

A. a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever would be needed by each of them
- Need needed of instead of needed by
B. they would need a visa, a landing visa, and evidence of their being inoculated against typhoid fever
- no need of their being... just being would work..
C. they would need evidence of being inoculated against typhoid fever and a visa and landing card
- no parallelism at all.. multiple and's
D. they would each need a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever
- Perfect, no problem. They would each need 3 things...
E. they would need visas, landing cards, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever for each of them.
- plurals mixed with singular, for each of them...
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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15 May 2013, 09:19
1
1
up4gmat wrote:
Hi mike,
I have a query.
As the sentence initially uses passive voice(were told),we still would try to work on active voice for rest of sentence?

Dear up4gmat,
There's no rule that one has to be "passive-consistent" throughout a sentence. In general, switching from active to passive makes the sentence shorter, more direct, and more powerful. We can't do anything about the part before the underlining ---- might we be able to write an even better sentence if we were able to rewrite that part as well? Perhaps, but that's never our concern on SC. On GMAT SC, we are trying to make the underlined part as good as it can be, given the five choices. Given that we get some say about this underlined part, we would opt for active over passive, all other things being equal.
If there were a single subject, and two verbs in parallel, obviously if the first verb were passive, then the second would have to passive. Here, though, we have a completely different subject & verb inside the "that" clause, and that's where the underlined is. Make it active. Does all this make sense?
mal208213 wrote:
Hi Mike,
I also ruled out option E but that was because of the usage of plurals - visas , landing cards whereas this is clearly not used in any other option. Is this correct?

Dear mal208213,
No, that's not correct. Just because one answer differs from the other four doesn't automatically mean that it's wrong. The GMAT loves to pepper the answer choices with different versions of grammatically correct ways to say the same thing, because they know GMAT test takers will treat these as "splits" and eliminate things that shouldn't be eliminated.
In this sentence, we could say:
... they would each need a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever.
or
... they would need visas, landing cards, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever for each of them.
Two perfectly valid ways to say the same thing. The word "each" is a magical word that renders a plural group singular, treating the group one member at a time, so that it justifies a singular verb and singular objects.
My seven friends all have new cars.
Each of my seven friends has a new car.
Again, two completely valid ways to say the same thing, even though one has a plural subject, plural verb, and plural object, and the other has a singular subject, singular verb, and singular object.
One of the biggest traps on the GMAT SC is falling for --- if these answers are different for those answer, one must be right, and one must be wrong. Difference, by itself, does not constitute a valid split. Be very careful with this.
Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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09 May 2020, 18:53
1
varotkorn wrote:
Dear GMATGuruNY AjiteshArun MartyTargetTestPrep,

Is A. wrong just because of a less preferred passive structure?

Are there any other solid issues with A.?

There are times when the passive voice is better than and times when it is not as good as the active voice.

In this case, the use of the passive voice results in the emphasis of the sentence illogically being placed on the needed items, as if the main point is not that the travelers would need the items but rather that the items would be needed, and as if the point to be made to the travelers is mainly one about the items rather than one about how they should prepare for the trip.

Thus, the active voice version, (D), makes more sense than (A) makes, because it places the emphasis where it would most logically be placed, on the travelers and what they will need.
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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09 May 2020, 19:19
1
varotkorn wrote:
Dear MartyTargetTestPrep,

I have one little question on E.

(E) they would need visas, landing cards, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever for each of them

"each of them" modifies the action of the clause "would need", not the noun "typhoid fever" right?

So E. is wrong because of plural "visas" and "landing cards" right?
Since "for each of them" dictates the use of singular noun.

Yes, the use of plural nouns there doesn't make sense.

Also, "each of them" is a bit funny too. "They will need x for each of them." Does each one need x for each of the others?
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2005, 07:10
B & C are out because of 'being'; E uses plural

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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2005, 08:01
D it is.

A is out. "Each of them" is unnecessary.
B is out. "their being innoculated" is grammatically incorrect
C is out. The list of items lacks parallelism
E is out. "Each of them" is unnecessary.
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2005, 08:28
A is out. Bad sentence phrasing.
B is out. 'their being innoculated' is bad English
C is awkward as well
D is the best. 'each need a.....'
E suggests they need many visa/landing cards which is absurd.

D for me.
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2005, 12:24
IMO, D is the correct answer.

They would each need 3 items.
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 13:33
D. they would each need a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever

they would each need a x,a y,and z: a visa(noun phrase) , a landing card(noun phrase) and evidence(noun) are parallel in structure.
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 17:03
one more vote for D.

I consider E wrong because 'for each of them' is redundant.

For each of them also says that each of travelers need multiple visas and landing cards.
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2010, 00:30
+1 for D
"being" is almost always wrong.
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2013, 19:36
I got the right answer which is D but I don't quite understand why A and E are wrong.
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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14 May 2013, 11:51
Hi mike,
I have a query.
As the sentence initially uses passive voice(were told),we still would try to work on active voice for rest of sentence?
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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14 May 2013, 13:45
Hi Mike,

I also ruled out option E but that was because of the usage of plurals - visas , landing cards whereas this is clearly not used in any other option.

is this correct?
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2017, 19:30
Sachin9 wrote:
I got the right answer which is D but I don't quite understand why A and E are wrong.

As for me, I ruled out E because, in addition to being awkward, THEM is ambiguous; who or what is it referring to? The travelers, visas or landing cards.
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2017, 11:05
At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever would be needed by each of them.
A. a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever would be needed by each of them - A is in the passive voice, and there is no reason that the passive voice would be required in this sentence, so it's preferable to use the active voice
B. they would need a visa, a landing visa, and evidence of their being inoculated against typhoid fever - usage of being
C. they would need evidence of being inoculated against typhoid fever and a visa and landing card - usage of being
D. they would each need a visa, a landing card, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever - Correct
E. they would need visas, landing cards, and evidence of inoculation against typhoid fever for each of them. - changes the meaning of the original sentence by changing the number of visas and cards in question. The original sentence makes clear that each person only needs one visa and one landing card, so there is no reason to change that

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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2018, 00:36
I have read that in the list of items if an item is preceded by an article, then all items should. for ex:- a X, a Y and a Z or else a X , Y or Z. Please clarify my doubt. Thanks in advance
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2018, 08:50
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If you have believed so this far, please do not think so anymore. Because GMAT has made it clear now that it doesn't consider so, the matter is over.
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Re: At an orientation meeting, the travelers were told that a visa, a land   [#permalink] 06 Aug 2018, 08:50

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