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# Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large

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Manager
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Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2009, 03:34
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65% (hard)

Question Stats:

33% (01:55) correct 67% (00:57) wrong based on 111 sessions

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247. Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of money, even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce distinguished architecture.

(A) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce
(B) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money will produce
(C) even though there is no certainty that the expenditure of money in large sums produces
(D) even though it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produces
(E) though there is no certainty as to the expenditure of money in large sums producing
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2010, 23:37
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At first I selected B, but on a close look it must be D.

Clues:
1. expenditure of large sums of money is correct usage while of money in large sums changes the meaning. This rules out C and E.

2. In C, the wording of original sentence is changed by - there is no certainty. Remember that we have to preserve the original meaning, unless it's absurd.

3. There seems to be a ||sm: "produces" agrees with "requires". So, A and B are out.

4. Usage of even though vs even if

IF is used when there is a condition

I hope this helps.
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2010, 01:05
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Some thoughts:
1. We should try to retain the meaning of the original sentence as much as possible.
: “It is by no means certain” means –Not surely certain.
: If we say “there is no certainty”, it changes the meaning of the sentence. The wording should be carefully dealt.
From Babylon:
By no means
NOT AT ALL, in no way, not in the least, not in the slightest, not the least bit, not by a long shot, certainly not, absolutely not, definitely not, on no account, under no circumstances; Brit. not by a long chalk; informal no way.
=> This rule out C and E.

2. “The expenditure of XX” is singular. So, the verb should be singular. This rules out A and B.
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2009, 21:08
I go with D.

EXPENDITURE of great sums PRODUCES
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2009, 21:19
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the expenditure is singular, so, it requires a singular verb..-- produces.

Hence, A & B are out..

E is awkward ( no -ing required)

fight is between C and D..

One rule says - use of "there is" is wordy in GMAT..which rules out C

but, one rule says, it should have a clear referrant...hence, it rules out D as well

But, according to me, C is less wordy, So i would go with C..
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2009, 21:22
gmate2010 wrote:
the expenditure is singular, so, it requires a singular verb..-- produces.

Hence, A & B are out..

E is awkward ( no -ing required)

fight is between C and D..

One rule says - use of "there is" is wordy in GMAT..which rules out C

but, one rule says, it should have a clear referrant...hence, it rules out D as well

But, according to me, C is less wordy, So i would go with C..

IMO "B. Future tense "will produce" is required in this case.
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2009, 22:57
C for me too. "it" looks ambiguous
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2009, 05:24
gmataspirant2009 wrote:

Can you please post the official explanation as well?
Thanks..
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2010, 16:57
gmatisnothard wrote:
Some thoughts:
1. We should try to retain the meaning of the original sentence as much as possible.
: “It is by no means certain” means –Not surely certain.
: If we say “there is no certainty”, it changes the meaning of the sentence. The wording should be carefully dealt.
From Babylon:
By no means
NOT AT ALL, in no way, not in the least, not in the slightest, not the least bit, not by a long shot, certainly not, absolutely not, definitely not, on no account, under no circumstances; Brit. not by a long chalk; informal no way.
=> This rule out C and E.

2. “The expenditure of XX” is singular. So, the verb should be singular. This rules out A and B.

Guys
you said B is out because expenditure is singular. However in this case the suject-verb agreement is correct: The expenditure of XX will produce...

Can anyone explain why B is incorrect??

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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2011, 03:27
It is D; Remove all if as not proper structure so A & B out

E is awkward

C & D left , In C - "the expenditure of money in large sums produces" looks awkward compare to "the expenditure of large sums of money produces" So D is correct
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2013, 06:44
chose B intitially ... but D is better ... even if v/s even though
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2015, 05:21
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2016, 05:23
This is a bunk question... it's been discussed on other forums as well and there is no solid consensus on a correct answer.

Many GMAT instructors agree B is a better choice, even though OA is somehow D.

You cannot eliminate B for SV error...

The so-and-so will produce...
and not
The so-and-so will produces...

Also future will produce makes a lot more sense here, since the sentence is talking about a hypothetical expenditure.

This thing requires huge sums of money, even if it is uncertain that pumping huge sums of money will produce that thing.

The logic flows much more clearly, whereas choice D doesn't convey the principle message as effectively. If you don't believe me,

http://www.beatthegmat.com/distinguishe ... 10949.html

Ron himself says towards the end of this post that B is a better choice.

Sent from my SM-G928T using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2016, 11:16
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
247. Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of money, even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce distinguished architecture.

(A) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce
(B) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money will produce
(C) even though there is no certainty that the expenditure of money in large sums produces
(D) even though it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produces
(E) though there is no certainty as to the expenditure of money in large sums producing

I chose D.

Original sentence is stating a fact , and hence the sentence must be mentioned in present tense.

It was hard to choose between B and D, but for above reason I opted D.
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2016, 21:07
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
247. Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of money, even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce distinguished architecture.

(A) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce
(B) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money will produce
(C) even though there is no certainty that the expenditure of money in large sums produces
(D) even though it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produces
(E) though there is no certainty as to the expenditure of money in large sums producing

This a very debatable question and has been discussed previously.

There is a very subtle difference in meaning between the options C and D.
The wording of C is too extreme in saying that there is no possibility
Choice D on the other hand keeps the usage of the original sentence intact and means it is not necessarily certain.
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large   [#permalink] 20 Jul 2016, 21:07
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