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Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of

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Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 16 May 2019, 02:27
1
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A
B
C
D
E

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Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of money, even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce distinguished architecture.

(A) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce
(B) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money will produce
(C) even though there is no certainty that the expenditure of money in large sums produces
(D) even though it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produces
(E) though there is no certainty as to the expenditure of money in large sums producing

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Originally posted by gmataspirant2009 on 31 Aug 2009, 03:34.
Last edited by Bunuel on 16 May 2019, 02:27, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2009, 21:19
3
the expenditure is singular, so, it requires a singular verb..-- produces.

Hence, A & B are out..

E is awkward ( no -ing required)

fight is between C and D..

One rule says - use of "there is" is wordy in GMAT..which rules out C

but, one rule says, it should have a clear referrant...hence, it rules out D as well :)

But, according to me, C is less wordy, So i would go with C..
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New post 06 Jan 2010, 15:36
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Divide and conquer.

Is the OS grammatically incorrect? Yes expenditure requires a singular verb produces, not the plural produce.

Sentence C, D which is lesser of the two evils

money in large sums doesn't sound as good as large sums of money.

Thus D is the least worst option :-D .
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2010, 23:37
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At first I selected B, but on a close look it must be D.

Clues:
1. expenditure of large sums of money is correct usage while of money in large sums changes the meaning. This rules out C and E.

2. In C, the wording of original sentence is changed by - there is no certainty. Remember that we have to preserve the original meaning, unless it's absurd.

3. There seems to be a ||sm: "produces" agrees with "requires". So, A and B are out.

4. Usage of even though vs even if

IF is used when there is a condition

I hope this helps.
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2010, 01:05
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Some thoughts:
1. We should try to retain the meaning of the original sentence as much as possible.
: “It is by no means certain” means –Not surely certain.
: If we say “there is no certainty”, it changes the meaning of the sentence. The wording should be carefully dealt.
From Babylon:
By no means
NOT AT ALL, in no way, not in the least, not in the slightest, not the least bit, not by a long shot, certainly not, absolutely not, definitely not, on no account, under no circumstances; Brit. not by a long chalk; informal no way.
=> This rule out C and E.

2. “The expenditure of XX” is singular. So, the verb should be singular. This rules out A and B.
Answer is D.
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2012, 23:39
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Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of money, even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce distinguished architecture.

(A) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce
(B) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money will produce
(C) even though there is no certainty that the expenditure of money in large sums produces
(D) even though it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produces
(E) though there is no certainty as to the expenditure of money in large sums producing

I am not sure if i can post the question .But i am not able to find the discussion of this question elsewhere.
I am confused between B and D.
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2012, 07:54
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saikarthikreddy wrote:
Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of money, even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce distinguished architecture.

(A) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce
(B) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money will produce
(C) even though there is no certainty that the expenditure of money in large sums produces
(D) even though it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produces
(E) though there is no certainty as to the expenditure of money in large sums producing

I am not sure if i can post the question .But i am not able to find the discussion of this question elsewhere.
I am confused between B and D.


The ans is D

"If" is used in conditional clauses. This sentence doesnt require a conditional clause. It needs to have a concessive clause because the two statements are in contrast with each other. So A and B are out.

In C the term "expenditure of money in large sums" is wrong. large sums is an adjective for money and so " large sums of money" is correct.

In E money in large sums producing is wrong tense.
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2016, 08:24
Hello can anyone explain why this is not conditional?

chetan2u

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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2016, 10:06
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umg4147 wrote:
Hello can anyone explain why this is not conditional?

chetan2u

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Hi,

If you are stuck in B and D, you would be correct either way....
Grammatically, there is nothing wrong in both B and D, although the meaning changes by usage of 'even though ' instead of 'even if'..
and B may be better as it carries the original meaning and there is nothing wrong in the meaning being conveyed by original sentence
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2016, 10:20
chetan2u wrote:
umg4147 wrote:
Hello can anyone explain why this is not conditional?

chetan2u

daagh



Hi,

If you are stuck in B and D, you would be correct either way....
Grammatically, there is nothing wrong in both B and D, although the meaning changes by usage of 'even though ' instead of 'even if'..
and B may be better as it carries the original meaning and there is nothing wrong in the meaning being conveyed by original sentence



hey

chetan2u yeah the question is of conditional, but doesnt produces makes it a universal truth? Simple Present?

How to go about such questions in real life as it one click that needs to take the cake.
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2016, 10:32
umg4147 wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
umg4147 wrote:
Hello can anyone explain why this is not conditional?

chetan2u

daagh



Hi,

If you are stuck in B and D, you would be correct either way....
Grammatically, there is nothing wrong in both B and D, although the meaning changes by usage of 'even though ' instead of 'even if'..
and B may be better as it carries the original meaning and there is nothing wrong in the meaning being conveyed by original sentence



hey

chetan2u yeah the question is of conditional, but doesnt produces makes it a universal truth? Simple Present?

How to go about such questions in real life as it one click that needs to take the cake.


Yes, you are correct...
you have two different options
1) even if...... will produce...... CORRECT as conditional
2) even though....... produces.... CORRECT as a normal sentence meaning 'Despite the fact' , same as 'although'

In actuals, do not worry, you will have ONLY one of them as choice..
But if you get stuck, follow the original meaning
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2016, 21:07
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
247. Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of money, even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce distinguished architecture.

(A) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce
(B) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money will produce
(C) even though there is no certainty that the expenditure of money in large sums produces
(D) even though it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produces
(E) though there is no certainty as to the expenditure of money in large sums producing


This a very debatable question and has been discussed previously.

There is a very subtle difference in meaning between the options C and D.
The wording of C is too extreme in saying that there is no possibility
Choice D on the other hand keeps the usage of the original sentence intact and means it is not necessarily certain.
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2017, 00:32
247. Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large sums of money, even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce distinguished architecture.

(A) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produce
(B) even if it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money will produce
(C) even though there is no certainty that the expenditure of money in large sums produces
(D) even though it is by no means certain that the expenditure of large sums of money produces
(E) though there is no certainty as to the expenditure of money in large sums producing
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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large  [#permalink]

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Re: Distinguished architecture requires the expenditure of large   [#permalink] 16 May 2019, 02:23
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