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Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel

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Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 01:21
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question No.: 717

Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangelo produced a great variety of art works, including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example, the statue of David.

(A) including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example,

(B) including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, like

(C) including paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, as

(D) ranging from paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, such as

(E) ranging from paintings, such as in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, such as

Michelangelo’s techniques

(A) Parallelism / Idiom (including X…to Y)

(B) Parallelism / Idiom (including X…to Y)

(C) Meaning (as)

(D) CORRECT

(E) Parallelism / Idiom (ranging from X…and Y)


First glance

A comma is just before the underline and you’re given two choices for the word just after that comma: including or ranging. This signals a modifier and a choice that you’ll have to make regarding the structure or meaning of that modifier.

Issues

(1) Parallelism / Idiom: including X…to Y

After the comma, the sentence provides some examples of Michelangelo’s great variety of art works. The original sentence presents the two examples as including X…to Y.

(A) including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example, the statue of David

(B) including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel to sculpture, like the statue of David

(C) including paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel and sculpture, as the statue of David

(D) ranging from paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel to sculpture, such as the statue of David

(E) ranging from paintings, such as in the Sistine Chapel and sculpture, such as the statue of David

It is acceptable to say including X and Y or ranging from X to Y, but including X to Y is not an idiom. Eliminate choices (A) and (B) for a faulty idiom.

Choice (C) does use including X and Y. Choices (D) and (E) change the idiom entirely, to either ranging from X to Y or ranging from X and Y. The first form (ranging from X to Y) is an acceptable idiom, but ranging from X and Y is not correct. Eliminate choice (E) for a faulty idiom.

(2) Parallelism
Meaning: as


While examining the idiom issue above, you might have spotted a couple of other issues within the X/Y parallelism that the idiom requires. Each X and Y element provide examples of that element; the most clear structure will make those examples parallel as well.

Answers (A), (B), and (E) improperly pair the prepositional phrase in the Sistine Chapel with the noun the statue of David. Eliminate choices (A), (B), and (E).

(Note: answer (B) also uses the word like to mean for example. In years past, this has been incorrect on the GMAT, but some recent problems have actually used like to mean for example in correct answers, so this is no longer considered incorrect.)

Answer (C)’s examples are parallel but it uses such as to introduce the first example and as to introduce the second example. The word as by itself does not mean for example. Eliminate answer (C) for faulty word choice.

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (D) uses a proper idiom (ranging from X to Y). The examples are also in parallel noun form: those [paintings] in the Sistine Chapel and the statue of David.

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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2017, 11:55
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adkikani wrote:
Hi Experts,
Any difference between usage of including and ranging?

These are completely different expressions. "Ranging" only makes sense if we say something like "ranging from X to Y." "Including" introduces examples of some sort.


adkikani wrote:
How is such as and as different?
I think as can be used to show examples as in (C)

"Such as" introduces examples, but "as", by itself, does not. "As" can be used in thousands of different contexts in English, but it can't stand alone to introduce an example.

  • I often eat foods such as burritos and meatballs. --> Correct, since burritos and meatballs are examples of foods I eat. (Mmm... burritos.)
  • I often eat foods as burritos and meatballs. --> nonsense, pretty much

I hope this helps!
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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 01:53
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Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangelo produced a great variety of art works, including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example, the statue of David.
A. including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example,
- - Use of "INCLUDING" in not apt. "SUCH AS" is used for giving examples and not "FOR EXAMPLE". Additionally "THOSE" should be used before Sistine Chapel for correct comparison
B. including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, like
- - Use of "INCLUDING" in not apt. "SUCH AS" is used for giving examples and not "LIKE" or "FOR EXAMPLE". Additionally "THOSE" should be used before Sistine Chapel for correct comparison
C. including paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, as
- Use of "INCLUDING" in not apt. "SUCH AS" is used for giving examples and not "AS".
D. ranging from paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, such as
- Correct

E. ranging from paintings, such as in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, such as
- Correct use is "Range from X to Y", but "Range from X and Y" is used in this option. Hence Incorrect
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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 05:43
Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangelo produced a great variety of art works, including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example, the statue of David.
A. including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example,-paintings in the Sistine Chapel is incorrect – those is needed to refer to them ; usage of including to describe the variety of works is incorrect
B. including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, like – usage of like to give examples is incorrect ; usage of including to describe the variety of works is incorrect
C. including paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, as - usage of as to give examples is incorrect ; usage of including to describe the variety of works is incorrect
D. ranging from paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, such as - Correct
E. ranging from paintings, such as in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, such as – idiom From X to Y

Answer D
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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 10:25
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question No.: 717

Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangelo produced a great variety of art works, including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example, the statue of David.

(A) including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example,
(B) including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, like
(C) including paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, as
(D) ranging from paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, such as
(E) ranging from paintings, such as in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, such as


Correct Idiomatic Usage : Ranging from X to Y

Thus, correct answer must be (D)....

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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 11:57
IMO , do not compare including with ranging from....I guess both are correct...we can easily eliminate the options even without comparing the including Vs ranging from


(A) including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example,--- From X...to Y is the correct idiom
(B) including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, like--- Like is incorrect , such as should be used for giving example
(C) including paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, as--- Sculpture as---should be Sculpture such as
(D) ranging from paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, such as- Correct
(E) ranging from paintings, such as in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, such as- same error as in option A


Experts please reply on my understanding of Including Vs ranging
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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 04:48
Hi Experts,
Any difference between usage of including and ranging?
How is such as and as different?
I think as can be used to show examples as in (C)
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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2017, 22:28
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2018

Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question No.: 717

Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangelo produced a great variety of art works, including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example, the statue of David.

(A) including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example,
(B) including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, like
(C) including paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, as
(D) ranging from paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, such as
(E) ranging from paintings, such as in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, such as


I think the correct idiom is "ranging from x to y"

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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 10:09
GMATNinja wrote:
adkikani wrote:
Hi Experts,
Any difference between usage of including and ranging?

These are completely different expressions. "Ranging" only makes sense if we say something like "ranging from X to Y." "Including" introduces examples of some sort.


adkikani wrote:
How is such as and as different?
I think as can be used to show examples as in (C)

"Such as" introduces examples, but "as", by itself, does not. "As" can be used in thousands of different contexts in English, but it can't stand alone to introduce an example.

  • I often eat foods such as burritos and meatballs. --> Correct, since burritos and meatballs are examples of foods I eat. (Mmm... burritos.)
  • I often eat foods as burritos and meatballs. --> nonsense, pretty much

I hope this helps!


Dear Expert,

Since "ranging" is modifying "works", must the comma after "works" be ommitted? With the comma "ranging" seems to modify the subject.

Kind regards,

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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2018, 01:31
(D) ranging from paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, such as
here what does those refer to. Is it paintings?
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Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 08 May 2019, 14:47
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Hello Everyone!

Here is another great example of a Sentence Correction question you might find on the GMAT! Let’s take a closer look at it, and narrow down the answers to find the right one! To get started, here is the original question, with major differences between each option hightlighted in orange:

Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangelo produced a great variety of art works, including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example, the statue of David.

A. including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example,
B. including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, like
C. including paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, as
D. ranging from paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, such as
E. ranging from paintings, such as in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, such as

After a quick glance over all the options, a few major issues jump out right away:

1. Using “including” versus “ranging from”
2. Proper use of showing examples: for example / such as / like / as
3. Proper use of the idiomatic structure “from X to Y”


Let’s start with #1 on our list because it will knock out either 2 or 3 answers right away. The differences in meaning between these two phrases is slight, but important:

including = Michelangelo used a wide variety of techniques to make only paintings and sculptures
ranging from = Michelangelo used a wide variety of techniques to make a variety of artworks that include paintings and sculptures and other things as well

Since saying “ranging from” conveys a more specific meaning, let’s eliminate options A, B, and C because the word “including” isn’t clear enough for this sentence.

If you chose to start with #2 on the list (proper use of showing examples), you would still eliminate options A, B, and C! Here is why:

A. including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example,

Option A is INCORRECT because the words “for example” should be followed by an independent clause. If what comes after it couldn’t stand alone as a complete sentence, use “such as” instead.

B. including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, like

Option B is INCORRECT because the GMAT strongly opposes using “like” to give examples because it’s too informal for professional or graduate-level writing. The GMAT says the use of “like” should only be used to show how two things or people are alike:

Ellison is a great public speaker like his older brother was in prep school. = YES
Anne has several different scarves, like plaid, polka dots, and stripes. = NO (use “such as” instead)

C. including paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, as

Option C is INCORRECT because it uses the word “as” to give an example, which is wrong. The word “as” should only be used to show how to things or people are similar – not to give examples.

Okay, so now that we’ve narrowed down our options to D & E, let’s look more closely at #3 on our list: the idiomatic structure “from X to Y.”

D. ranging from paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, such as

Option D is the CORRECT answer! It uses the phrase “ranging from” to clearly convey meaning, and properly uses the idiomatic structure “from X to Y.”

E. ranging from paintings, such as in the Sistine Chapel, and sculpture, such as

Option E is INCORRECT because it says “from X and Y,” which is not the right idiomatic structure. It should be “from D to Y.”

There you go – option D is the correct answer!


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Originally posted by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 26 Jul 2018, 12:23.
Last edited by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 08 May 2019, 14:47, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2018, 01:00
pls, help
ranging in D works as a preposition or work as a participle/ a kind of verb.
i am confused

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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2018, 05:54
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If it is a preposition then a noun should follow. Since only another preposition(from) follows it, 'ranging' is not a preposition but only a participle.
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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel  [#permalink]

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Re: Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangel   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2019, 05:23
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