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Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last becau

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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last becau  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2014, 22:25
russ9 wrote:
Despite going through the whole thread, i'm stuck on one specific point about option E. I can see why E is wrong because of the usage of "more than" but I picked E because of "heating-oil prices will rise higher this year than last year's..."

I felt that "year's" had to be a possessive because we are saying that " oil prices will rise higher this year than last year's oil prices" and we are NOT saying that "prices will higher than last year" because that would mean that we are comparing prices to year which is illogical.

For the most part, if last year's had to be correct, there should have been a similar structure on the left hand side of the comparison operator (than); something along the following lines:

...this year's heating-oil prices are expected to be higher than last year's...

Also, there is a significant meaning change that E introduces; original sentence is not talking about how much prices will rise this year (as E suggests); original sentence talks about how much the prices are expected to be this year.
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last becau  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2016, 04:21
The crux of the problem lies in the fact that we are comparing what refiners are paying this year with what they were paying last year. Here the 'paying' part is elided in the second arm. Please note the parallelism of progressive tense ‘are paying’ and ‘were paying’ in choices A and D.
Therefore, all choices that use the simple past tense ‘did’ are out. Between A and D, D has a problem of saying on one hand that it is an expectation and then a categorical 'will be higher'. Both are antithetical.
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last becau  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2016, 23:50
papillon86 wrote:
Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year.

(A) Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were
(B) Heating-oil prices are expected to rise higher this year over last because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
(C) Expectations are for heating-oil prices to be higher this year than last year's because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
(d) It is the expectation that heating-oil prices will be higher for this year over last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil now than what they were
(E) It is expected that heating-oil prices will rise higher this year than last year's because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did



i have a doubt here...

If the original sentence were to read as below ,would that be correct?

Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they did last year?
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last becau  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2016, 13:51
goforgmat wrote:
papillon86 wrote:
Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year.

(A) Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were
(B) Heating-oil prices are expected to rise higher this year over last because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
(C) Expectations are for heating-oil prices to be higher this year than last year's because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
(d) It is the expectation that heating-oil prices will be higher for this year over last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil now than what they were
(E) It is expected that heating-oil prices will rise higher this year than last year's because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did



i have a doubt here...

If the original sentence were to read as below ,would that be correct?

Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they did last year?
sayantanc2k
chetan2u


Yes, simple past (did = paid) instead of past continuous (were paying) would also be alright. Note that in option A past continuous has been used ("were paying" - "paying" is omitted).
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last becau  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2016, 10:38
iMyself wrote:
papillon86 wrote:
Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year.

(A) Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were
(B) Heating-oil prices are expected to rise higher this year over last because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
(C) Expectations are for heating-oil prices to be higher this year than last year's because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did
(d) It is the expectation that heating-oil prices will be higher for this year over last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil now than what they were
(E) It is expected that heating-oil prices will rise higher this year than last year's because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did



>what is the difference between "this year than last" and "this year over last "
>In A, it is written that '' to be higher this year than last...... What? Should not it be last year in the blank?
>also, what is the problem in 'year's'?

N.B.: This thread is also seen in the another link, which makes us confused to make comments. So, can you please merge this two links so that we can make our comments without any hesitation? Thanks...

heating-oil-prices-80307.html


1. Since there is a comparative adjective ("higher"), "than" must be used.
2. It is alright to omit the repeated words from the second element of parallel items, if the meaning is not obscured.
3. "Prices are expected to be higher this year than last year's (prices)": Parallelism error - the correct statement is:
"Prices are expected to be higher this year than (prices) last (year)". The words in brackets are omitted as explained in point 2 above.
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Re: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last becau  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2016, 14:48
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spc11 wrote:
I do not follow the explanation for this question.

Can somebody please explain why this sentence is correct (original)?

Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year.
My doubts are in these two phrases: "this year than last" and " more for crude oil than they were last year "

Thanks!!

Dear spc11,
I'm happy to respond. :-)

My friend, you may find some answer to your question in the thread above, but I am happy to discuss this as well. One very tricky issue, particularly difficult for folks whose native language is something other than English, is the issue of dropping repeated words in the second branch of parallelism. See this blog article:
Dropping Common Words in Parallel on the GMAT

Consider an expanded version of the sentence:
Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than the heating oil prices last year because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were paying for a barrel of crude oil last year.
That is the whole sentence, with absolutely nothing omitted, so that everything is perfectly clear. The GMAT would consider this completely redundant and much longer than necessary, because every single word in red is repeated. The words in red are words in the second branch or the parallelism that already appeared in the first branch. From the GMAT's point of view, it is redundant to repeat information in the second branch that we already know form the first branch. Thus, the GMAT recommends dropping all the words in red: when we do that, we get the prompt version, choice (A), of this SC problem, a sleek and elegant sentence. The GMAT loves elegance.

Your job on the GMAT SC is to see a sentence with the words already omitted in the second branch of parallelism and to figure out what words from the first branch would be needed to make sense of the second branch.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: QOTD: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2018, 12:45
shouldn't "last year's" in option C indicates last year oil prices...??
how can the oil prices of this year be compared with only last year???
I am a little bit confused... please explain
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Re: QOTD: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2018, 13:28
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sajon wrote:
shouldn't "last year's" in option C indicates last year oil prices...??
how can the oil prices of this year be compared with only last year???
I am a little bit confused... please explain



Hello sajon,

I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)

From the context of the sentence, Choice C does suggest that the comparison is between the this year's price and last year's price.

But the grammar used to present this intended comparison is not correct. We can express the comparison in either way as follows:

oil prices will be higher this year than last year.

this year's oil price will be higher than last year's.



But Choice C uses a kind of mix of these two expressions. Usage of last year's is incorrect because the sentence does NOT use the expression this year's price.



Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: QOTD: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2018, 06:40
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 223: Sentence Correction


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Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were last year.


(B) Heating-oil prices are expected to rise higher this year over last because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did

(C) Expectations are for heating-oil prices to be higher this year than last year's because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did

(D) It is the expectation that heating-oil prices will be higher this year over last because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil now than what they were

(E) It is the expected that heating-oil prices will rise higher this year than last year's because refiners pay about $5 a barrel for crude oil more than they did

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GMATNinja yay! :)

why option A omitted word "year" :? i would add word "year" in option A, that way it looks more complete ? :)

(A) Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last year because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were

thank you and have an awesome weekend :)
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Re: QOTD: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2018, 11:06
dave13 wrote:
\
why option A omitted word "year" :? i would add word "year" in option A, that way it looks more complete ? :)

(A) Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last year because refiners are paying about $5 a barrel more for crude oil than they were

thank you and have an awesome weekend :)




Hello dave13,


Well, this omission is called ellipses, a concept that is used quite often in sentences testing comparison. Words already used in a sentence is kept understood in the second part of comparison to maintain conciseness and avoid repetition.

The word year is omitted because this omission does not lead to any ambiguity in comparison. The sentence still clearly conveys that the intended comparison is between the heating oil prices this year and heating-oil prices last year.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: QOTD: Heating-oil prices are expected to be higher this year than last &nbs [#permalink] 25 May 2018, 11:06

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