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Ryerson (Ted Rogers) Thread Master Joined: 27 Sep 2015
Posts: 55
GMAT 1: 410 Q33 V13 WE: Management Consulting (Computer Software)
If v = 2(9.8)m/(0.5j), m=96 and j=4, which of the following most close  [#permalink]

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If $$v=\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)m}{(0.5)j}}$$, m = 96 and j = 49, which of the following most closely approximates the value of v?

(A) 0
(B) 9
(C) 17
(D) 25
(E) 33

I used the ball- parking strategy to easy calculate ugly number:

√(2(8) 100 / 1/2*50) = √(16*100/25) = 4*10/5 = 8

Number 8 is very close to 9 in answers.

Hence Answer B is correct.

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Originally posted by RSOHAL on 19 Dec 2015, 11:53.
Last edited by Bunuel on 30 Nov 2017, 20:56, edited 5 times in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question, added the OA and moved to PS forum.
Magoosh GMAT Instructor G
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Posts: 4472
Re: If v = 2(9.8)m/(0.5j), m=96 and j=4, which of the following most close  [#permalink]

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Rsohal wrote:
If v = √2(9.8)m / 0.5j , m=96 and j=49, which of the following most closely approximates the value of v?

(A) 0
(B) 9
(C) 17
(D) 25
(E) 33

I used the ball- parking strategy to easy calculate ugly number:

√2(8) 100 / 1/2*50 = √16*100/25 = 4*10/5 = 8

Number 8 is very close to 9 in answers.

Hence Answer B is correct.

Dear Rsohal,
I'm happy to respond. I gather that you are new to GMAT Club. A few points to observe. First of all, this particular subforum, "Ask GMAT Experts," is for general advice on test-taking strategies, questions about scheduling and retakes and logistics of the test, etc. This is not the correct forum at all for individual math questions, such as this. This should have been posted in the general math forum, in the problem solving section:
gmat-problem-solving-ps-140/

I would be happy to respond, but unfortunately, I believe you have made mathematical mistakes in posting the question. It appears that you don't have a refined understanding of mathematical grouping symbols. For more on these, see:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-quant ... g-symbols/
I say this because you use the "√" character, but you give no indication of how much is included under the square root. Typically, in the rtf of GC, one would use parentheses for this. There is a world of difference between
√(2)(9.8)m / 0.5j
and
√(2(9.8)m) / 0.5j
and
√(2(9.8)m / 0.5j)
These ambiguities need to be clarified before the question is mathematical sensible.

Does all this make sense?
Mike _________________
Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)
Ryerson (Ted Rogers) Thread Master Joined: 27 Sep 2015
Posts: 55
GMAT 1: 410 Q33 V13 WE: Management Consulting (Computer Software)
Re: If v = 2(9.8)m/(0.5j), m=96 and j=4, which of the following most close  [#permalink]

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Thanks Mike for your reply. You are right. When i typed question, I could not draw square root bar, which was in text book. Anyhow, your suggestion was absolutely correct. I have edited question for better understanding.

thanks for help. much appreciated.
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Posts: 4472
Re: If v = 2(9.8)m/(0.5j), m=96 and j=4, which of the following most close  [#permalink]

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Rsohal wrote:
If v = √(2(9.8)m / 0.5j) , m=96 and j=49, which of the following most closely approximates the value of v?

(A) 0
(B) 9
(C) 17
(D) 25
(E) 33

I used the ball- parking strategy to easy calculate ugly number:

√(2(8) 100 / 1/2*50) = √(16*100/25) = 4*10/5 = 8

Number 8 is very close to 9 in answers.

Hence Answer B is correct.

Dear Rsohal,
Your approximation approach is an excellent for this and many other official questions. Here, as I glance over the problem, I happen to notice that
49*2 = 98. This allows for a little simplification.
v = $$\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)m}{0.5j}}$$
v = $$\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)(96)}{(0.5)(49)}}$$
v = $$\sqrt{\frac{4(9.8)(96)}{(0.5)(98)}}$$
v = $$\sqrt{\frac{4(98)(96)}{(5)(98)}}$$
v = $$\sqrt{\frac{4(96)}{5}}$$
v = $$\sqrt{\frac{4(16*6)}{5}}$$
v = $$2\sqrt{\frac{(16*6)}{5}}$$
v = $$8\sqrt{\frac{6}{5}}$$
v = $$8\sqrt{1.2}$$
We know that $$\sqrt{1}=1$$ and $$\sqrt{1.21}=1.1$$, so
$$8\sqrt{1} < v < 8\sqrt{1.21}$$
8*1 < v < 8*1.1
8 < v < 8.8
This approximates the decimal to a relatively small band. From a calculator, I found the exact answer is 8.76356. Of the answer choices, 9 is clearly the closest.

I hope this helps, my friend.
Mike _________________
Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Originally posted by mikemcgarry on 20 Dec 2015, 09:56.
Last edited by mikemcgarry on 20 Dec 2015, 18:58, edited 2 times in total.
Ryerson (Ted Rogers) Thread Master Joined: 27 Sep 2015
Posts: 55
GMAT 1: 410 Q33 V13 WE: Management Consulting (Computer Software)
Re: If v = 2(9.8)m/(0.5j), m=96 and j=4, which of the following most close  [#permalink]

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Mike,

There is one issue in following equation, when you input value of variables.
You made j = 49*2, where as J is 49.
If you multiply j with 2, you must multiply upper part of fraction to 2 as well.

v = $$\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)(96)}{(0.5)(98)}}$$

above equation should be

v = $$\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)(96)2}{(0.5)(98)}}$$

Thanks
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Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4472
Re: If v = 2(9.8)m/(0.5j), m=96 and j=4, which of the following most close  [#permalink]

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Rsohal wrote:
Mike,

There is one issue in following equation, when you input value of variables.
You made j = 49*2, where as J is 49.
If you multiply j with 2, you must multiply upper part of fraction to 2 as well.

v = $$\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)(96)}{(0.5)(98)}}$$

above equation should be

v = $$\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)(96)2}{(0.5)(98)}}$$

Thanks

Dear Rsohal,
My friend, thanks for catching that! I simply plugged the wrong value of j into the equation. I edited my response above, so that it won't confuse others.
Mike _________________
Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)
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GMAT 1: 600 Q44 V28 Re: If v = 2(9.8)m/(0.5j), m=96 and j=4, which of the following most close  [#permalink]

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RSOHAL wrote:
If v = $$\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)m}{(0.5)j}}$$, m=96 and j=49, which of the following most closely approximates the value of v?

(A) 0
(B) 9
(C) 17
(D) 25
(E) 33

I used the ball- parking strategy to easy calculate ugly number:

√(2(8) 100 / 1/2*50) = √(16*100/25) = 4*10/5 = 8

Number 8 is very close to 9 in answers.

Hence Answer B is correct.

Hi Bunuel ,

Could you please move the above question to the Problem Solving section.
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Re: If v = 2(9.8)m/(0.5j), m=96 and j=4, which of the following most close  [#permalink]

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Kritesh wrote:
RSOHAL wrote:
If v = $$\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)m}{(0.5)j}}$$, m=96 and j=49, which of the following most closely approximates the value of v?

(A) 0
(B) 9
(C) 17
(D) 25
(E) 33

I used the ball- parking strategy to easy calculate ugly number:

√(2(8) 100 / 1/2*50) = √(16*100/25) = 4*10/5 = 8

Number 8 is very close to 9 in answers.

Hence Answer B is correct.

Hi Bunuel ,

Could you please move the above question to the Problem Solving section.

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Done. Thank you.
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If v = 2(9.8)m/(0.5j), m=96 and j=4, which of the following most close  [#permalink]

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RSOHAL wrote:
If $$v=\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)m}{(0.5)j}}$$, m = 96 and j = 49, which of the following most closely approximates the value of v?

(A) 0
(B) 9
(C) 17
(D) 25
(E) 33

I used the ball- parking strategy to easy calculate ugly number:

√(2(8) 100 / 1/2*50) = √(16*100/25) = 4*10/5 = 8

Number 8 is very close to 9 in answers.

Hence Answer B is correct.

Replace m = 96 with 100 (as we are approximating)

Keep J = 49

Now,$$\sqrt{\frac{2 * 9.8 * 100}{0.5 * 49}}$$

Or $$\sqrt{\frac{2 * 98* 10 * 100}{5 * 10 * 49}}$$

Or $$\sqrt{\frac{2 * 98* 10 * 100}{5 * 10 * 49}}$$

Cancel 10 from both numerator and denominator and replace "98" with "100"

$$\sqrt{\frac{2 * 100 * 100}{5 * 49}}$$

as $$\sqrt{5}$$ is slightly greater than "2", replace $$\sqrt{5}$$ with "2"

we can write it as,

$$\frac{\sqrt{2}*\sqrt{100}*\sqrt{100}}{\sqrt{5}*\sqrt{49}}$$

$$\frac{1.4*10*10}{2*7}$$

$$\frac{140}{14} = 10$$

Closest to "9"

Hence (B)
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Re: If v = 2(9.8)m/(0.5j), m=96 and j=4, which of the following most close  [#permalink]

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AkshdeepS wrote:
RSOHAL wrote:
If $$v=\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)m}{(0.5)j}}$$, m = 96 and j = 49, which of the following most closely approximates the value of v?

(A) 0
(B) 9
(C) 17
(D) 25
(E) 33

I used the ball- parking strategy to easy calculate ugly number:

√(2(8) 100 / 1/2*50) = √(16*100/25) = 4*10/5 = 8

Number 8 is very close to 9 in answers.

Hence Answer B is correct.

Replace m = 96 with 100 (as we are approximating)

Keep J = 49

Now,$$\sqrt{\frac{2 * 9.8 * 100}{0.5 * 49}}$$

Or $$\sqrt{\frac{2 * 98* 10 * 100}{5 * 10 * 49}}$$

Or $$\sqrt{\frac{2 * 98* 10 * 100}{5 * 10 * 49}}$$

Cancel 10 from both numerator and denominator and replace "98" with "100"

$$\sqrt{\frac{2 * 100 * 100}{5 * 49}}$$

as $$\sqrt{5}$$ is slightly greater than "2", replace $$\sqrt{5}$$ with "2"

we can write it as,

$$\frac{\sqrt{2}*\sqrt{100}*\sqrt{100}}{\sqrt{5}*\sqrt{49}}$$

$$\frac{1.4*10*10}{2*7}$$

$$\frac{140}{14} = 10$$

Closest to "9"

Hence (B)

This could be alternate approach

Now,$$\sqrt{\frac{2 * 98 * 100}{5 * 49}}$$

Now,$$\sqrt{\frac{2 * 2 * 100}{5}}$$

$$\sqrt{80}$$

SO Closest to "9"
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If v = 2(9.8)m/(0.5j), m=96 and j=4, which of the following most close  [#permalink]

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RSOHAL wrote:
If $$v=\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)m}{(0.5)j}}$$, m = 96 and j = 49, which of the following most closely approximates the value of v?

(A) 0
(B) 9
(C) 17
(D) 25
(E) 33

I used the ball- parking strategy to easy calculate ugly number:

√(2(8) 100 / 1/2*50) = √(16*100/25) = 4*10/5 = 8

Number 8 is very close to 9 in answers.

Hence Answer B is correct.

If $$v=\sqrt{\frac{2(9.8)m}{(0.5)j}}$$, m = 96 and j = 49, which of the following most closely approximates the value of v?
m/j = 2 approx
9.8 = 10 approx

$$v=\sqrt{\frac{2*10*2}{(0.5)}} = \sqrt{80} = 9$$

IMO B
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