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# If x ? y is defined for all x and y as the sum of all integers from x

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If x ? y is defined for all x and y as the sum of all integers from x  [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2017, 01:10
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Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

74% (01:33) correct 26% (02:01) wrong based on 143 sessions

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If x ? y is defined for all x and y as the sum of all integers from x to y, inclusive, what is the value of 5 ? 150?

A. 22,630
B. 22,475
C. 11,315
D. 11,238
E. 5,658

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If x ? y is defined for all x and y as the sum of all integers from x  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 12 Nov 2017, 04:59
1
x ? y = the sum of all integers from x to y, inclusive
Find : 5 ? 150

5 ? 150 = 5+6+7...+150

Sum of Continues series a+(a+1)+(a+2)+.... L = S = $$\frac{n}{2} *(a+L)$$
where n is number of terms, a is first term, L is last term

Here number of terms = (150-5)+1 = 146 ( Here +1 as 150 and 5 both are included)

Sum=$$\frac{146}{2}* (5+150) = \frac{146}{2} *(155)$$

= 11315

Originally posted by Nikkb on 05 Sep 2017, 01:18.
Last edited by Nikkb on 12 Nov 2017, 04:59, edited 1 time in total.
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If x ? y is defined for all x and y as the sum of all integers from x  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 05 Sep 2017, 14:02
Bunuel wrote:
If x ? y is defined for all x and y as the sum of all integers from x to y, inclusive, what is the value of 5 ? 150?

A. 22,630
B. 22,475
C. 11,315
D. 11,238
E. 5,658

The ? strange symbol just gives the rule that, in this problem, the task is to find the sum of an arithmetic series of integers, from 5 to 150 inclusive.

Sum = (Average) * (Number of terms)

Average = $$\frac{First Term + Last Term}{2}$$

Average = $$\frac{150 + 5}{2}$$ = $$\frac{155}{2}$$ Leave it.*

Number of terms = (Last Term - First term + 1)

Number of terms = (150 - 5) + 1 = 146

Sum of series: $$\frac{155}{2}$$ * (146) = 155 * 73

If you do the arithmetic fully, 155 * 73 = 11,315

To simplify the arithmetic:

Three answers, A, D,and E, can be eliminated immediately because the units' digit of the answer must be five (3*5 = 15).

Between B and C: Answers B and C are far enough apart that you can round numbers to speed the arithmetic.

150 * 70 = 10,500. That's close to C. To get close to Answer B, the number of terms would have to double.

Either way:

*If the average of consecutive integers is not an integer because the sum of the first and last terms is odd (odd/2 = not integer), the number of terms will be even, and the 2 in the denominator will be factored out. So write the two factors, average and number of terms, before calculating; that way it is clear that dividing by 2 will lead to an integer.
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Originally posted by generis on 05 Sep 2017, 12:25.
Last edited by generis on 05 Sep 2017, 14:02, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: If x ? y is defined for all x and y as the sum of all integers from x  [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2017, 12:37
1
Since x ? y is defined for all x and y as the sum of all integers from x to y, inclusive and
we have been asked to find the value of 5 ? 150, one easy way is to find the sum of the
first 150 numbers and subtract 1+2+3+4(10)

The sum of first n numbers is $$\frac{n(n+1)}{2} = \frac{150*151}{2} = 75*151 = 11325$$

Therefore 5 ? 150 = 11325 - 10 = 11315(Option C)
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Re: If x ? y is defined for all x and y as the sum of all integers from x  [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2017, 16:48
Bunuel wrote:
If x ? y is defined for all x and y as the sum of all integers from x to y, inclusive, what is the value of 5 ? 150?

A. 22,630
B. 22,475
C. 11,315
D. 11,238
E. 5,658

We can use the formula sum = (avg)(quantity).

Let’s first get the average of the integers from 5 to 150 inclusive:

average = (5 + 150)/2 = 155/2

quantity = 150 - 5 + 1 = 146

sum = 155/2 x 146 = 11,315

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Re: If x ? y is defined for all x and y as the sum of all integers from x  [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2018, 04:49
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Re: If x ? y is defined for all x and y as the sum of all integers from x   [#permalink] 27 Oct 2018, 04:49
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