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# In 1997, despite an economy that marked its sixth full year

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VP
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1498
In 1997, despite an economy that marked its sixth full year [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2008, 03:58
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In 1997, despite an economy that marked its sixth full year of uninterrupted expansion with the lowest jobless rate in a quarter century, the number of United States citizens declaring themselves bankrupt has jumped by almost 20 percent, at 1.34 million.

a) declaring themselves bankrupt has jumped by almost 20 percent, at

b) declaring themselves bankrupt jumped by almost 20 percent, to

c) who declared themselves bankrupt has jumped by almost 20 percent, to

d) who declared themselves bankrupt jumped almost by 20 percent, at

e) to declare themselves bankrupt jumped almost by 20 percent, at

Thanks
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1379

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28 Oct 2008, 07:58
1
KUDOS
tarek99 wrote:
In 1997, despite an economy that marked its sixth full year of uninterrupted expansion with the lowest jobless rate in a quarter century, the number of United States citizens declaring themselves bankrupt has jumped by almost 20 percent, at 1.34 million.

a) declaring themselves bankrupt has jumped by almost 20 percent, at

b) declaring themselves bankrupt jumped by almost 20 percent, to

c) who declared themselves bankrupt has jumped by almost 20 percent, to

d) who declared themselves bankrupt jumped almost by 20 percent, at

e) to declare themselves bankrupt jumped almost by 20 percent, at

Thanks

Jumped to is the correct usage.

B & C remain.

C is correct because we need present perfect. We are comparing an event that has happened before 1997 and also in 1997. declared is better than declaring, because they do it once and it is a past event.

Edit: I am wondering if actually B is correct. Was I making an unwarranted assumption of comparison between 1997 and other years?

tarek,

where is this Q from?
VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1397
Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)

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28 Oct 2008, 08:03
tarek99 wrote:
In 1997, despite an economy that marked its sixth full year of uninterrupted expansion with the lowest jobless rate in a quarter century, the number of United States citizens declaring themselves bankrupt has jumped by almost 20 percent, at 1.34 million.

a) declaring themselves bankrupt has jumped by almost 20 percent, at

b) declaring themselves bankrupt jumped by almost 20 percent, to

c) who declared themselves bankrupt has jumped by almost 20 percent, to

d) who declared themselves bankrupt jumped almost by 20 percent, at

e) to declare themselves bankrupt jumped almost by 20 percent, at

Thanks

I would take D here because we need the past tense to denote an event that happened in the past. Has jumped indicates that the event is true even today.

I retract my earlier comment. I think B is correct because I think [color=#0000FF]Jumped AT 1.34 Million is unidiomatic usage. It should be JUMPED To.

Also, the ACT OF DECLARING happened in the same time frame as the economy completing its sixth year of expansion etc...

Last edited by dwivedys on 28 Oct 2008, 09:54, edited 2 times in total.
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Mar 2008
Posts: 347

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28 Oct 2008, 08:39
...jumped to ... is correct.

Between B and C, I will go for C. I am not sure wheather we need present perfect though.
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Manager
Joined: 20 Mar 2008
Posts: 153
Location: USA

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28 Oct 2008, 09:12
It must be B or C as Jumped ... ,to.... seems idiomatic than Jumped..., at...

I will go with B.
VP
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1498

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28 Oct 2008, 11:22
icandy wrote:
tarek99 wrote:
In 1997, despite an economy that marked its sixth full year of uninterrupted expansion with the lowest jobless rate in a quarter century, the number of United States citizens declaring themselves bankrupt has jumped by almost 20 percent, at 1.34 million.

a) declaring themselves bankrupt has jumped by almost 20 percent, at

b) declaring themselves bankrupt jumped by almost 20 percent, to

c) who declared themselves bankrupt has jumped by almost 20 percent, to

d) who declared themselves bankrupt jumped almost by 20 percent, at

e) to declare themselves bankrupt jumped almost by 20 percent, at

Thanks

Jumped to is the correct usage.

B & C remain.

C is correct because we need present perfect. We are comparing an event that has happened before 1997 and also in 1997. declared is better than declaring, because they do it once and it is a past event.

Edit: I am wondering if actually B is correct. Was I making an unwarranted assumption of comparison between 1997 and other years?

tarek,

where is this Q from?

OA is B. I got this question from the GMATprep. So we better take this question seriously Well, since the event took place in 1997, we need the event to be in the past. So "jumped" will be better in this case than "has jumped" because the present perfect implies that the event started in the past and it is still continuing today. That's not what the sentence wants to say because this sentence is talking about a year that is completed and is now behind us, so simple past "jumped" accurately describes this timing.
Director
Joined: 04 Oct 2008
Posts: 891
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Strategy
Schools: Michigan (Ross) - Class of 2013
GMAT 1: 770 Q50 V44
GPA: 3.3
WE: Project Management (Aerospace and Defense)

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28 Oct 2008, 13:53
tarek99 wrote:
OA is B. I got this question from the GMATprep. So we better take this question seriously Well, since the event took place in 1997, we need the event to be in the past. So "jumped" will be better in this case than "has jumped" because the present perfect implies that the event started in the past and it is still continuing today. That's not what the sentence wants to say because this sentence is talking about a year that is completed and is now behind us, so simple past "jumped" accurately describes this timing.

I agree with this assessment. B & C both correct the sentence to read "jumped..., to" but the tense used in C is incorrect.

B) "In 1997, [it] jumped"
C) "In 1997,... [it] has jumped"
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Re: SC: Modifier   [#permalink] 28 Oct 2008, 13:53
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# In 1997, despite an economy that marked its sixth full year

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