dave13 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTIONIn a certain classroom, there are 80 books, of which 24 are fiction and 23 are written in Spanish. How many of the fiction books are written in Spanish?Given:
(1) Of the fiction books, there are 6 more that are not written in Spanish than are written in Spanish.
So, \(x+x+6=24\) --> \(x=9\). Sufficient.
(2) Of the books written in Spanish, there are 5 more nonfiction books than fiction books.
So, \(x+x+5=23\) --> \(x=9\). Sufficient.
Answer: D. (Total # of books is redundant information).
Hope it's clear.
Bunuel why didnt you use the formulas ?
I mean group 1 +group +2 - both +neither
Total = 80
Group 1 is fiction book = 24
Group 2 is spanish book = 23
Both Spanish Fiction = X
Neither = 33
80 = 24 +23 - X + 33
why this formula doesnt work ?
pushpitkc any idea? i itemized every number memtioned in the question ? what is first right step to tackle overlapping sets ?
Hey
dave13I think when you are told that of the 80 books, 24 are from the genre - Fiction
and 23 of the books are written in Spanish, there could be some books which
are both from the genre fiction and written in Spanish. You are calling that x.
Till here, you are correct!
But how do you come to a conclusion that those books which are neither fiction
nor written in Spanish are 33?
If 23 books are both from the genre fiction and written in Spanish, then there
will be one book which is of the genre Fiction and not written in Spanish. The
remaining books -
56(80 - 23 - 1) in number fall in neither written in Spanish
nor of the genre fiction.
However, if each of the books written in Spanish is not from the genre Fiction,
there would be
33(80 - 23 - 24) books which are neither written in Spanish nor
of the genre fiction
So, basically, the number of books which are neither written in Spanish nor of
the genre fiction can be between 33 and 56.
Hope this explanation clears your confusion why your method is incorrect.