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# Many airline carriers are attempting to increase

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Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2013, 12:20
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (01:14) correct 42% (01:18) wrong based on 1185 sessions

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Many airline carriers are attempting to increase profitability while keeping overhead low by offering, in terms of flights, an equal amount as last year, doing so by using larger planes that fly more efficiently.

A. an equal amount as last year,doing so by
B. the same number offered last year
C. an equal amount offered last year and
D. the same number as last year but
E. an equal number as were offered last year,
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 24 May 2017, 08:24, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the Question.
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2013, 12:40
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prakashchandra wrote:
Many airline carriers are attempting to increase profitability while keeping overhead low by offering, in terms of flights,an equal amount as last year, doing so by using larger planes that fly more efficiently.

A. an equal amount as last year,doing so by
B. the same number offered last year
C. an equal amount offered last year and
D. the same number as last year but
E. an equal number as were offered last year,

I am confused where to use amount and when to use number?

Hi Prakashchandra,

When we need to quantify Countable nouns (like children, pens,houses) we use number and when we need to quantify Uncountable nouns (like salt,advice,costs) we use amount
In the sentence above we need to quantify Flights so we use number
Hope it is clear
I think the sentence has a typo: it should be OVERHEADS not overhead,Pls.check.
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2013, 20:25
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In D, isn't "same number compared to "last year". It should have been apt if compared with "last year's" or better if "same number as was last year"..

Regards

Argha
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2013, 20:59
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I remember "amount vs number" in this way:

The Amount of happiness (uncountable) depends upon the number of hours (countable) of hard work.

Back to ques:
Many airline carriers are attempting to increase profitability while keeping overhead low by offering, in terms of flights,an equal amount as last year, doing so by using larger planes that fly more efficiently.
Equal amount Vs Same number. Compared object is "flights" - countable - so Same number.
A. an equal amount as last year,doing so by - out
B. the same number offered last year - no comparison marker
C. an equal amount offered last year and - out
D. the same number as last year but - good choice
E. an equal number as were offered last year, - construction is not good.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2013, 21:44
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argha wrote:
In D, isn't "same number compared to "last year". It should have been apt if compared with "last year's" or better if "same number as was last year"..

Regards

Argha

for this reason only, i eliminated D and chose E. but none of the options seems fine. Really dont know How "D" is correct.
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2013, 23:12
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Chiranjeevee wrote:
argha wrote:
In D, isn't "same number compared to "last year". It should have been apt if compared with "last year's" or better if "same number as was last year"..

Regards

Argha

for this reason only, i eliminated D and chose E. but none of the options seems fine. Really dont know How "D" is correct.

Hi Chiranjeevee

There are two reasons why D is correct:

(1) "Last year" is preposition phrase. It CAN'T be compared with a NOUN phrase - "the same number". The question compare "this year" vs. "last year".
If you add auxiliary verb before (after) "last year": ...................the same number as WAS last year .... <== You compare NOUN (airline carriers) vs. PREPOSITION (last year) ==> wrong grammar.

(2) This construction is quite common in English. You're comparing same subject but in two different periods --> You don't need to repeat subject.
Let see an example:
After finding a new job, I make more money than I did last year
However, because of the same subject, you don't need to repeat it. The new sentence is: After finding a new job, I make more money than I didlast year.

**Back to the question. I will plug in D into the question.
Many airline carriers are attempting to increase profitability while keeping overhead low by offering, in terms of flights, the same number as last year but using larger planes that fly more efficiently.

The comparison is between this year vs. last year. The subject of the question is the same. In order to make the sentence clear. I will rewrite it like:
Many airline carriers offer the same number of flights this year as they did last year.

Now, the meaning is clearer but the sentence is wordier. ==> GMAT always prefers concise sentence. ==> The sentence should be: Many airline carriers offer the same number of flights this year as they did last year.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2014, 22:32
bankerboy30 wrote:
Why is the use of and wrong?

Hi Bankerboy

The sentence intends to show contrast (that the number of flights remained same but larger planes were used). As 'and' can't be used to show contrast, its use is wrong in the context.

Hope it helps!
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2014, 18:29
There is no way that D is correct. It has a serious comparison issue when comparing "number" to a year.

Also, this is not even a GMAT PREP problem, since there were no Google results from reputable sites at the time that I searched for this question.

Last edited by TooLong150 on 20 Oct 2015, 05:35, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2014, 10:11
D it is.

The sentence means
airline cos are attempting to do blah
while doing something and
while not doing something else.
So we need a proper connecting word, ideally one that shows contrast.
Here C and D have connecting words and D shows contrast.

Now between amount and number. The count is referring to flights. So flights needs to be referred to by number instead of amount. So D clearly wins!

Hope this helps!
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2015, 05:52
Can an expert explain (in details if possible) please why is answer choice E wrong?
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2015, 12:57
A. an equal amount as last year,doing so by
Flights is a countable noun, thus we should use number instead of amount.

B. the same number offered last year
Corrects the first error, but introduces a new one. “Using” now serves as a noun modifier that modifies year.

C. an equal amount offered last year and
Same error as in A.

D. the same number as last year but
Correct choice. “but” introduces the contrast that helps to better understand the meaning of the sentence.

E. an equal number as were offered last year,
This introduces a modifier error, now using… serves as a modifier for the clause
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2015, 15:10
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I take back my original post; I saw this on the GMAT today and couldn't justify (D), since "number" is clearly being compared to "last year". The takeaway is to choose the answer with the fewest errors.
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2016, 23:52
Revenge2014 wrote:
Many airline carriers are attempting to increase profitability while keeping overhead low by offering, in terms of flights,an equal amount as last year, doing so by using larger planes that fly more efficiently.

A. an equal amount as last year,doing so by
B. the same number offered last year
C. an equal amount offered last year and
D. the same number as last year but
E. an equal number as were offered last year,

I am confused where to use amount and when to use number?

I fail on this beautiful question.

this test "the same as". this phrase is hard to use. only the second element of comparison is kept in the second clause. here it is "last year" . this feel the sentense is wrong.

I have the same pen as you
I learn the same gmat test as last year
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2016, 07:32
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E. an equal number as were offered last year,
Why is E is wrong?
Becos, ‘an equal number’ is singular and ‘were offered’ is plural.
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2016, 04:07
Many airline carriers are attempting to increase profitability while keeping overhead low by offering, in terms of flights,an equal amount as last year, doing so by using larger planes that fly more efficiently.

A. an equal amount as last year,doing so by
B. the same number offered last year
C. an equal amount offered last year and
D. the same number as last year but
E. an equal number as were offered last year,

equal + as is wrong, A is out
using... can not modify last year, b is out
amount is wrong because flight is countable
were in E is wrong because in previous part there is no a form of to be
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2016, 08:52
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If D is the official answer, then this is a lousy question. Whatever manner one may try to justify D as the correct choice by ellipsis or otherwise, D is unfit to be the correct answer as Argha has correctly pointed out. D is the antithesis of proper comparison by matching the number of flights as last year.
To think of ellipsis, the elided part must be present in the verbatim form in the early part. Which is the part that is being elided herein in D is unclear. D is a blatant mis-comparison because of the unnecessary intrusion of the comparator ‘as’. One more potentially dubious meaning of D’s faulty comparison is that ‘the same number’ is compared with what last year offered. In that case, we are wrongly comparing the number of what the airlines are offering with what the last year offered. This is untenable.
B must be the correct answer; it avoids the mis-comparison of using ‘as’ and rightly using a past participle. Also, it may be noted that the comma plus present participle ‘using’ in B modifies the subject of the previous clause and the subject’s action namely the ‘many airlines and their efforts to increase profitability’ and not ‘last year’.
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2016, 09:44
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daagh wrote:
B must be the correct answer; it avoids the mis-comparison of using ‘as’ and rightly using a past participle. Also, it may be noted that the comma plus present participle ‘using’ in B modifies the subject of the previous clause and the subject’s action namely the ‘many airlines and their efforts to increase profitability’ and not ‘last year’.

Can you please explain because it looks to me that B is totally changing the meaning of the original sentence.

Original sentence is conveying that "this year", airline carriers are using larger planes that fly more efficiently.

B is saying: the same number offered last year using larger planes that fly more efficiently.

So, B seems to suggest that "last year", airline carriers were using larger planes that fly more efficiently.

Isn't this an issue?

Also, for D, I wanted to understand if the following is incorrect: I got the same number of marks as last year.

I feel this is correct, because we cannot interpret this as: I got the same number of marks as last year (got marks).

Last edited by sukanyar on 29 Mar 2016, 10:13, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2016, 10:06
Sukanyar
Hi

Possibly B is missing the finish by a whisker; probably a comma before using would have set the original intent intact.
With regard to the second point: Please look at the following clause:
No father understands the child as much as the mother. This can be interpreted as
1. No father understands the child as much as the mother does (or)
2. No father understands the child as much as he understands the mother.
The point is that there is a potential risk of misinterpretation. The risk of misinterpretation is not so much when you compare one with one's own self. But the problem arises when you compare two different entities.

This what I meant when I said ---One more potentially dubious meaning of D’s faulty comparison is that ‘the same number’ is compared with what last year offered. In that case, we are wrongly comparing the number of what the airlines are offering with what the last year offered. ---
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Last edited by daagh on 01 Mar 2017, 01:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2016, 10:23
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Thanks. I have edited my above post to fix a typo. Basically, I wanted to say: B seems to suggest that "last year", airline carriers were using larger planes that fly more efficiently.

So, D is - Many airline carriers are attempting to increase profitability while keeping overhead low by offering, in terms of flights, the same number as last year but using larger planes that fly more efficiently.

It is very clear that "the same number" means the same number (of flights).

So, D is - Many airline carriers are attempting to increase profitability while keeping overhead low by offering, in terms of flights, the same number (of flights) as last year but using larger planes that fly more efficiently.

So, it basically is: the same number (of flights) as last year.

Are you suggesting that this can be interpreted that "last year offered flights" (as opposed to "airlines offered flights")? May be I am not understanding your point about ambiguity.
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Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2016, 16:54
Many airline carriers are attempting to increase profitability while keeping overhead low by offering, in terms of flights, the same number [of flights] as [the number of flights] last year but using larger planes that fly more efficiently.[/color]

What makes this question heavily difficult, especially for non-natives like me, is the amount of omissions in green.

At first sight, one can judge the construction weird, but after plugging in the omissions, it becomes clearer why the correct answer is the correct answer.

by offering X as Y but using

Well, I am far from being an expert, so this is my only explanation and justification.
Re: Many airline carriers are attempting to increase   [#permalink] 10 Dec 2016, 16:54

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