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# Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was

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CEO
Joined: 20 Nov 2005
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Schools: Completed at SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - Class of 2008
Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 23 Aug 2013, 21:10
2
20
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:12) correct 46% (01:22) wrong based on 723 sessions

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Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was demonstrated and with its superiority to the horse being proved, much of the early hostility to it in rural regions disappeared.

(A) and with its superiority to the horse being
(B) and its superiority over the horse had been
(C) and its superiority to the horse
(D) its superiority over the horse
(E) with its superiority to the horse having been

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Originally posted by ps_dahiya on 10 Feb 2006, 00:37.
Last edited by fameatop on 23 Aug 2013, 21:10, edited 1 time in total.
OA not provided
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Location: United States
Re: Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2013, 13:23
3
4
akijuneja wrote:

Hi akijuneja.

Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was demonstrated and with its superiority to the horse being proved, much of the early hostility to it in rural regions disappeared.

(A) and with its superiority to the horse being
Wrong.
-" and with" does not make sense.
- "being" is not main verb, thus the clause "with its superiority to the horse being proved" is not complete and fragmented.

(B) and its superiority over the horse had been
Wrong.
- "superiority over" is not correct idiom. The correct one is "superiority to"
- Past perfect "had been" is not necessary.

(C) and its superiority to the horse
Correct.
- "and" is parallel marker. The two clauses before and after "and" are parallel.
- "superiority TO" is correct idiom.
- "Prove" is intransitive verb which does not require any further elements to make its meaning complete. Thus, we don't need passive voice "was proved" here.
For example: the new drug proved effective

(D) its superiority over the horse
Wrong.
- "superiority over" is not correct idiom. The correct one is "superiority to"
- we need "and" to separate two clauses. Without "and" the sentence is nonsensical.

(E) with its superiority to the horse having been
Wrong.
- "with" is not correct. The correct conjunction word is "and".
- "having been proved" is WRONG grammar. (If you think about present perfect continuous in passive voice, the correct form is: have/has + being + Past participle)

Hope it helps.
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"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

##### General Discussion
Senior Manager
Joined: 11 Nov 2005
Posts: 306
Location: London
Re: SC - Motor Car  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2006, 01:25
1
C.

Superior to... idiom
Once A and B done C .....happen

ps_dahiya wrote:
Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was demonstrated and with its superiority to the horse being proved, much of the early hostility to it in rural regions disappeared.

(A) and with its superiority to the horse being
(B) and its superiority over the horse had been
(C) and its superiority to the horse
(D) its superiority over the horse
(E) with its superiority to the horse having been
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 4960

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10 Feb 2006, 06:39
Looks like that subjunctive mood.

Choose (C) and click confirm.
VP
Joined: 29 Dec 2005
Posts: 1285
Re: SC - Motor Car  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2006, 06:45
GMATT73 wrote:
Looks like that subjunctive mood.

its not a subjunctive mood but an idiomatic expression.
"superior to" is better than "superior over"...

C should be correct.
Senior Manager
Joined: 27 Jun 2005
Posts: 475
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10 Feb 2006, 11:59
C looks good,

but i think C should have a "was", because the first clause is passive "was demostrated" so for ||ism second clause should also have "was proved"....
Director
Joined: 20 Sep 2005
Posts: 998

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13 Feb 2006, 18:44
C. and is required..simple past tense is good enough.
Intern
Joined: 09 Feb 2006
Posts: 20
Location: Raleigh, NC

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13 Feb 2006, 19:30
its superiority "over" the horse...

Would go with C
VP
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Posts: 1005
Location: CA

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13 Feb 2006, 21:34
hahahahaha, Vivek, I love your new avatar!!!!!
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Joined: 14 Dec 2004
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13 Feb 2006, 21:41
TeHCM wrote:
hahahahaha, Vivek, I love your new avatar!!!!!

ha ha ha ha, that's reality! (still trying to laught )
Intern
Joined: 27 Jul 2013
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23 Aug 2013, 21:07
cool_jonny009 wrote:
C looks good,

but i think C should have a "was", because the first clause is passive "was demostrated" so for ||ism second clause should also have "was proved"....

in this context "Prove" can not be used in passive!
Intern
Joined: 04 Jul 2013
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Re: Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2014, 04:52
Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was demonstrated and with its superiority to the horse being proved, much of the early hostility to it in rural regions disappeared.

(A) and with its superiority to the horse being - incorrectly and unnecessarily placed
(B) and its superiority over the horse had been - wrong idiomatic usage
(C) and its superiority to the horse - Correct choice
(D) its superiority over the horse - wrong idiomatic usage
(E) with its superiority to the horse having been - "with" incorrectly used and "having been" unparallel usage of tense
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Re: Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was  [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2014, 00:40
1. Idiom - Superiority to

Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was demonstrated and with its superiority to the horse being proved, much of the early hostility to it in rural regions disappeared.

(A) and with its superiority to the horse being - 'with' absurd structure
(B) and its superiority over the horse had been - IDIOM superiority over, had not required ,
(C) and its superiority to the horse - Correct
(D) its superiority over the horse - 'and' required
(E) with its superiority to the horse having been - conjunction 'and' required
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GMAT 2: 680 Q46 V37
Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2015, 21:35
Split 1: Should there be an "and"

Compared to the other options with and its, which make it sound as a run on sentence, there needs to be an AND. Elimnate D and E on this basis.

A v/s B v/s C

The correct idiomatic expression is superior to. But another approach for eliminating A and B are as follows:

A uses the word being, which gives the statement a passive tone.
1. GMAT doesn't prefer passive.
2. The entire statement should be in the same tone

B uses had been, a past perfect. This is not the case. Past perfect is used when an action was completed before another action completed in the past.

Hence, C.

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Re: Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was  [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2016, 06:21

Argument means that:

- early hostility to motor car in rural regions disappeared, when ..
- .. economic and social usefulness of the motor car was demonstrated and motor car's superiority to the horse was proved

superior to
is the correct idiom.
Had been and have been are past tense. These two indicate an event that happened even before, eco. and soc. usefulness of the motor car was demonstrated. The given argument does not say so. As per the argument, useful demonstration and proving superiority happened at the same time
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Re: Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2018, 14:32
1
this question comes from globalexpert, a reliable source.

(A) and with its superiority to the horse being
(B) and its superiority over the horse had been
(C) and its superiority to the horse
(D) its superiority over the horse -> lack of "and" -> a run-on sentence.
(E) with its superiority to the horse having been
Re: Once the economic and social usefulness of the motor car was &nbs [#permalink] 23 Jan 2018, 14:32
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