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# Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the

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Intern
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31 Dec 2012, 01:50
shanmugamgsn wrote:
So u mean regarded by is wrong idiom?

ketanth wrote:
my basis was "regarded as" is a correct idiom. So B fails!

shanmugamgsn wrote:
B. The spy novel, regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.

E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

Oh y E here?
I went with B.

The spy novel modified by "regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War"
also

The spy novel ,regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.

dont u guys think is this correct?

Note - that "by analysts" exists in both B and E after "regarded". "by analysts" is just a prepositional phrase. They key is to check the word after this phrase. There you can see the difference of "as" vs "to"

Hope it helps!
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2012, 12:27
shanmugamgsn wrote:
So u mean regarded by is wrong idiom?

ketanth wrote:
my basis was "regarded as" is a correct idiom. So B fails!

shanmugamgsn wrote:
B. The spy novel, regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.

E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

Oh y E here?
I went with B.

The spy novel modified by "regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War"
also

The spy novel ,regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.

dont u guys think is this correct?

Yes it is wrong. Correct one is regarded as
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2013, 01:17
mansoorfarooqui wrote:
according to me answer should be D

Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s ---> as a modifier describes when the novel reached the peak of its sales
while

when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat---> refers to period of cold war

What is wrong with (E). , the modifier is used to modify "Sales"
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2013, 04:12
Straight E
1)Modifier : "Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War" clearly modifies the correct noun "Sales"
2) When modifies 1960s
3) Usage of as is better than the usage of to be and like
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2013, 05:34
1
Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

E confuses the timing of events
here it seems that most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat in 1960 while it was the time when sales peaked out.. actual time of perceived that was during the cold war which was prior to 1960.. which we perceive by the use of ''as the result of tensions during the Cold War''

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13 Jun 2013, 03:57
Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

A. Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

B. The spy novel, regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.

C. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, in the 1960s the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

Can someone please explain why D is incorrect as I am not able to figure out any grammatical mistake in that
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2013, 03:06
veenu08 wrote:
Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

A. Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

B. The spy novel, regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.

C. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, in the 1960s the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

Can someone please explain why D is incorrect as I am not able to figure out any grammatical mistake in that

D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.
the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War ... this part incorrectly conveys that the spy novel was a result of the war, whereas actually the sales were a result of the war.
E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.
Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s,
This statement correctly modifies everything correctly

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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2013, 20:51
I have studied during my GMAT PREPARATION that as should be followed by a clause .One exception is that if it performs a function then need not be followed by a clause .
But in option E as is used in initial part of sentence without a clause is that correct usage pls explain
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22 Jun 2013, 01:58
Seeing the tensions during the cold war the novel was written about that, can't that be the scenario.. I am still not able to rule out option D
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22 Jun 2013, 10:29
veenu08 wrote:
Seeing the tensions during the cold war the novel was written about that, can't that be the scenario.. I am still not able to rule out option D

I agree with ankurgupta's explanation.
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22 Jun 2013, 12:00
I agree with phoenix 72. I think its E on the basis of meaning.
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 05:51
veenu08 wrote:
Seeing the tensions during the cold war the novel was written about that, can't that be the scenario.. I am still not able to rule out option D

The real issue is what "when" in option D modifying. As I know when can be used as subordinator or as relative pronoun modifier. In option D "when" is used as relative pronoun modifier. As a rule when can not modify cold war. when can only modify time. Hence option D is incorrect.
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2014, 08:50
mansoorfarooqui wrote:
Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

E confuses the timing of events
here it seems that most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat in 1960 while it was the time when sales peaked out.. actual time of perceived that was during the cold war which was prior to 1960.. which we perceive by the use of ''as the result of tensions during the Cold War''

Best Regards,
Mansoor

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I too agree answer should be D on this one

Could anyone please clarify the OA?

Cheers!
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16 Apr 2014, 15:33
Can someone confirm on D vs. E?

I'm having a hard time swallowing E as the OA.

Cheers!
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02 Jun 2014, 07:42
GIVE THE FREAKING OA FOR THIS ONE PLEASE

Cheers!
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2015, 19:35
a very tricky one, yet I got to E as the answer choice.

what was regarded as a result of tensions? the spy novel? maybe the sales? as a result of the tensions, people started buying more spy novels.
regarded to be is incorrect
perceived USSR like - no - we do not need a comparison here. Maybe as to present the role of USSR? USSR played the role of a threat.

A. Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.
Regarded to be - nope
USSR like a threat - nope
meaning error as well.
novel reached - awkward to me...
maybe sales reached tops in 1960?

B. The spy novel, regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.
regarded to be - nope.
perceived USSR to be - nope, changes the meaning.

C. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, in the 1960s the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.
opening modifier error.
like - incorrectly used.

D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.
changes the meaning. the focus is from reaching the tops in 1960 to being regarded ...

E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.
looks good..analysts believe that the sales reached top because of the cold war..best from what is given..

E for me.
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2015, 01:13
Hi,

I went with D and then set out to figure what went wrong.

It seems "sales" is a plural word hence "their" is correct.

Strikingly none of the guys above have mentioned this. Maybe I am looking at the wrong reason for D being wrong. But somehow everything else can somehow fit.
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2016, 07:50
1
TGC wrote:
49. Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

A. Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

B. The spy novel, regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.

C. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, in the 1960s the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

Source: Brutal SC

I do not believe this is a good GMAT question. It has a problem with meaning.

We can eliminate A and C because they use “like” incorrectly.
We can eliminated A, and B, and for the incorrect use if the idiom “regarded to be” instead of “regarded as”; we can also eliminate B for the use of “perceived to be” instead of “perceived as.”

The other choices can be eliminated because they change the meaning of the original sentence.

The main clause in the original sentence is: “the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s,” and “Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,” modifies the subject “the spy novel”, not “sales of the spy novel.” This eliminates choice E. Some people have argued that what the author meant was that the sales were the result of the tensions, but the sentence does not say so; the novel itself can be the result of the tensions, and there is nothing to support that the author meant something else.

Even though choice D conveys the same information changes the focus from ” the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s” to “the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War.” In addition, the modifier “when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat” modifies “cold war” instead of “the 1960s.” Even if the cold war was in progress during the 1960s, the cold war started before the 1960s and ended after the 1960s; thus these concepts are not the same.

A good GMAT sentence would not change the meaning. Only if the meaning of the original sentence does not make sense, we can assume that the author's intention was something else.
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2017, 06:19
perceived as is the correct idiom. only D and E has this correctly.

Option E incorrectly modifies sales instead of the book. meaning is ambiguous.

Hence D is only option Left
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions ng the Cold War, the  [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2017, 05:31
deepthit wrote:
perceived as is the correct idiom. only D and E has this correctly.

Option E incorrectly modifies sales instead of the book. meaning is ambiguous.

Hence D is only option Left

I believe the E retains the original meaning of the sentence and Analysts are correcting regarding the sales as a result of something. So, I dont think E has ambiguity issue.
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