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Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,

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Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 13 Dec 2018, 05:06
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A
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E

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Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.


A. Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

B. The spy novel, regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.

C. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, in the 1960s the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.



OA is E - I cant reason why D is incorrect.

D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat. the novel itself could be a a result of the tensions during the cold war. Eventhough it is less likely than the sales of the novel going up because of the war - one cannot eliminate this possibility

Originally posted by vicksikand on 08 Nov 2009, 21:46.
Last edited by Bunuel on 13 Dec 2018, 05:06, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2009, 20:33
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"when" should modify the time 1960s, not "cold war" ,hence D is wrong. also note that D is in passive voice

E is right because

"regarded as" is correct idiom
when correctly modifies time
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2010, 08:04
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Odd why someone didnot mention this already. So am going to put this explanation out there, hope the experts can comment on this assessment.....

"Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War" >> This subordinate clause is really talking about "sales" or in other words is modifying "sales" - not "the spy novel". hence this clause must be next to "sales". E is the only option that corrects this.

Am I wrong in my assessment?
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2012, 05:42
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according to me answer should be D

Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s ---> as a modifier describes when the novel reached the peak of its sales
while

when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat---> refers to period of cold war
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2013, 05:34
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Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

E confuses the timing of events
here it seems that most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat in 1960 while it was the time when sales peaked out.. actual time of perceived that was during the cold war which was prior to 1960.. which we perceive by the use of ''as the result of tensions during the Cold War''

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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2013, 03:06
veenu08 wrote:
Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

A. Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

B. The spy novel, regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.

C. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, in the 1960s the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

Can someone please explain why D is incorrect as I am not able to figure out any grammatical mistake in that


D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.
the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War ... this part incorrectly conveys that the spy novel was a result of the war, whereas actually the sales were a result of the war.
E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.
Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s,
This statement correctly modifies everything correctly

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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2015, 19:35
a very tricky one, yet I got to E as the answer choice.

what was regarded as a result of tensions? the spy novel? maybe the sales? as a result of the tensions, people started buying more spy novels.
regarded to be is incorrect
perceived USSR like - no - we do not need a comparison here. Maybe as to present the role of USSR? USSR played the role of a threat.


A. Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.
Regarded to be - nope
USSR like a threat - nope
meaning error as well.
novel reached - awkward to me...
maybe sales reached tops in 1960?

B. The spy novel, regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.
regarded to be - nope.
perceived USSR to be - nope, changes the meaning.

C. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, in the 1960s the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.
opening modifier error.
like - incorrectly used.

D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.
changes the meaning. the focus is from reaching the tops in 1960 to being regarded ...

E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.
looks good..analysts believe that the sales reached top because of the cold war..best from what is given..

E for me.
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2016, 07:50
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TGC wrote:
49. Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

A. Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

B. The spy novel, regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.

C. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, in the 1960s the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

Source: Brutal SC


I do not believe this is a good GMAT question. It has a problem with meaning.

We can eliminate A and C because they use “like” incorrectly.
We can eliminated A, and B, and for the incorrect use if the idiom “regarded to be” instead of “regarded as”; we can also eliminate B for the use of “perceived to be” instead of “perceived as.”

The other choices can be eliminated because they change the meaning of the original sentence.

The main clause in the original sentence is: “the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s,” and “Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,” modifies the subject “the spy novel”, not “sales of the spy novel.” This eliminates choice E. Some people have argued that what the author meant was that the sales were the result of the tensions, but the sentence does not say so; the novel itself can be the result of the tensions, and there is nothing to support that the author meant something else.

Even though choice D conveys the same information changes the focus from ” the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s” to “the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War.” In addition, the modifier “when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat” modifies “cold war” instead of “the 1960s.” Even if the cold war was in progress during the 1960s, the cold war started before the 1960s and ended after the 1960s; thus these concepts are not the same.

A good GMAT sentence would not change the meaning. Only if the meaning of the original sentence does not make sense, we can assume that the author's intention was something else.
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2017, 06:19
perceived as is the correct idiom. only D and E has this correctly.

Option E incorrectly modifies sales instead of the book. meaning is ambiguous.

Hence D is only option Left
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2017, 05:31
deepthit wrote:
perceived as is the correct idiom. only D and E has this correctly.

Option E incorrectly modifies sales instead of the book. meaning is ambiguous.

Hence D is only option Left


I believe the E retains the original meaning of the sentence and Analysts are correcting regarding the sales as a result of something. So, I dont think E has ambiguity issue.
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Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2019, 23:48
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

The original sentence contains several errors. First, the proper idiom is "to regard as" not "to regard to be". Second, the initial modifier "regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War" should modify "sales" and not "the spy novel." Third, the proper idiom is "to perceive as" not "to perceive like".
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) The modifier "regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War" incorrectly describes the spy novel when it should modify sales of the spy novel. Moreover, the modifier use of "regarded . . . to be" is unidiomatic.
(C) The modifier "regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War" incorrectly describes the spy novel when it should modify sales of the spy novel. Additionally, the phrase "perceived the U.S.S.R like" is unidiomatic.
(D) The modifier "reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s" incorrectly describes the spy novel when it should modify sales of the spy novel.
(E) CORRECT. "Sales" is correctly positioned as the subject of the opening modifier. Additionally, the phrases "regarded by analysts as . . ." and "perceived the U.S.S.R as" are idiomatic.
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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2019, 00:18
Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.


A. Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

B. The spy novel, regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War, reached the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. to be a constant threat.

C. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, in the 1960s the spy novel reached the zenith of its sales, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. like a constant threat.

D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s, the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.

E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War, sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s, when most Americans perceived the U.S.S.R. as a constant threat.


The entire sentence is U, so it might be a Misplaced Modifier.

Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War.
What is Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War? Sales or The spy novel? Hold both options.

Relative Pronoun
When- refers to time or a time period.
1960's or Cold War. Both are correct.

From the above two. Eliminate C. For RPE

Idioms
Regarded by: all options have this one
perceived X like/as a constant threat. - perceived as: correct Idiom

Eliminate A,B

Active/Passive

D. Reaching the zenith of its sales in the 1960s (active), the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War(passive)
Eliminate D. It should have both active or both passive in a sentence.

E. Regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War,(passive) sales of the spy novel reached their zenith in the 1960s,(passive)

Meaning
D. the spy novel was regarded by analysts as the result of tensions during the Cold War - This sentence conveys the meaning that the because of the spy novels there were tensions during the Cold War.

Answer- E

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Re: Regarded by analysts to be the result of tensions during the Cold War,   [#permalink] 06 Apr 2019, 00:18
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