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Rev. Hayes says that an action is right if it benefits one or more oth

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Rev. Hayes says that an action is right if it benefits one or more oth  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 04 Jan 2019, 13:07
5
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

35% (02:46) correct 65% (03:00) wrong based on 141 sessions

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Rev. Hayes says that an action is right if it benefits one or more other people and an action is wrong if it harms anyone. Rev. Hayes says the action is wrong if the harm could have been seen with reasonable thought or whether or not harm was intended to anyone.

Which one of the following most clearly conforms to the principle cited above?

(A) Frank wrote a proposal attempting to cause trouble between Linda and Jane; this action was morally bad, even though, in fact, it had an opposite effect than the one intended.

(B) Giving a homeless man a ride to a local shelter, Fred was in a serious car accident that was not his fault. The homeless man, injured in the accident, received a settlement from the other driver’s insurance company. The settlement allowed him to get an apartment for him and his family; thus showing that a right action can have both bad and good consequences.

(C) Giving a homeless man a ride to a local shelter, George was in a serious car accident that was his fault. The homeless man, injured in the accident, received a settlement from George’s insurance company. The settlement allowed him to get an apartment for him and his family; thus showing that a right action can have both bad and good consequences.

(D) Linda agreed to watch her friend’s cat for two weeks at her home. Everything went fine for 10 days. Then, on the next day, when Linda opened the window and sat down to watch television, the cat fell out of the window and was injured. She took the cat to a local vet, paid the bill, and the cat was almost recovered by the time Linda’s friend returned. Even though she intended no harm, Linda’s action was wrong.

(E) Mary, a trained social worker, was asked by a homeless man for food. She walked with the man to the local shelter that runs a soup kitchen. There, the man choked while eating lunch and died. Thus, Mary performed a wrong action.

Source: Nova GMAT
Difficulty Level: 700

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Originally posted by SajjadAhmad on 26 Apr 2017, 11:32.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 04 Jan 2019, 13:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Rev. Hayes says that an action is right if it benefits one or more oth  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2017, 03:51
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Rev. Hayes says that an action is right if it benefits one or more other people and an action is wrong if it harms anyone. Rev. Hayes says the action is wrong if the harm could have been seen with reasonable thought or whether or not harm was intended to anyone.

The statement says that an action if harms someone, be it intentional or not, is wrong. So we should have a statement, in which someone is harmed with intention or not.

We can easily boil down to A and D.

In A, though Frank's intention was bad, frank's action did not harm anyone. Wrong.
In D, though Linda's intention wasn't to hurt the cat, the cat did get hurt. Bingo. Correct choice.
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Re: Rev. Hayes says that an action is right if it benefits one or more oth  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2017, 04:10
SajjadAhmad wrote:
Source: Nova GMAT

Rev. Hayes says that an action is right if it benefits one or more other people and an action is wrong if it harms anyone. Rev. Hayes says the action is wrong if the harm could have been seen with reasonable thought or whether or not harm was intended to anyone.

Which one of the following most clearly conforms to the principle cited above?

(A) Frank wrote a proposal attempting to cause trouble between Linda and Jane; this action was morally bad, even though, in fact, it had an opposite effect than the one intended.
(B) Giving a homeless man a ride to a local shelter, Fred was in a serious car accident that was not his fault. The homeless man, injured in the accident, received a settlement from the other driver’s insurance company. The settlement allowed him to get an apartment for him and his family; thus showing that a right action can have both bad and good consequences.
(C) Giving a homeless man a ride to a local shelter, George was in a serious car accident that was his fault. The homeless man, injured in the accident, received a settlement from George’s insurance company. The settlement allowed him to get an apartment for him and his family; thus showing that a right action can have both bad and good consequences.
(D) Linda agreed to watch her friend’s cat for two weeks at her home. Everything went fine for 10 days. Then, on the next day, when Linda opened the window and sat down to watch television, the cat fell out of the window and was injured. She took the cat to a local vet, paid the bill, and the cat was almost recovered by the time Linda’s friend returned. Even though she intended no harm, Linda’s action was wrong.
(E) Mary, a trained social worker, was asked by a homeless man for food. She walked with the man to the local shelter that runs a soup kitchen. There, the man choked while eating lunch and died. Thus, Mary performed a wrong action.


Not sure if I got this:
For an action to be bad there should be two criteria.

First: Action should harm someone.
Second: Intention to harm someone should be present.

Option A : Intention to harm is present but no one is harmed hence action cannot be wrong.
Option D : Intention to harm is NOT present but some one is harmed.

Since both intention to harm and actual harm is NOT present in option D how can option D be the answer?

Further insight will be highly appreciated.

Thank you.
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Re: Rev. Hayes says that an action is right if it benefits one or more oth  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Apr 2017, 20:00
D is right because it clearly states that even though The actual harm to anyone(cat) is caused unintended The action is wrong. Same provided in as in stimulus.
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Re: Rev. Hayes says that an action is right if it benefits one or more oth  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Apr 2019, 09:06
Official Explanation


The argument claims that an action is right only if it meets both the following criteria:

(1) It benefits another person.
(2) It is performed with that intent.

The argument also claims that an action that harms another person is wrong if it meets either one of the following criteria:

(1) The harm was intended.
(2) Reasonable thought would show that the action was likely to cause harm.

In choice (D), Linda should have realized that if she was watching television and the window was open, the cat might jump out. This satisfies the second criteria for a wrong action. Reasonable thought would have shown Linda the error of this choice.

The answer is (D)*

* Remember: Only one of the statements is an either-or construction need be true for the whole structure to be true.

As for the other choices, (A) is second best. The first part of (A), “Frank wrote a proposal attempting to cause trouble between Linda and Jane,” meets the first criterion for a wrong action. But, the remainder of the sentence doesn’t relate to the second criterion.

In (B), even though the homeless man was injured, both criteria of the right action are satisfied. Who was at fault in the accident is besides the point.

In (C), even though the homeless man was injured, both criteria of the right action are satisfied. Again, who was at fault in the accident is besides the point. Both Fred (in (B)) and George performed actions that eventually met both criteria of a right action.

Choice (E) satisfies only the second criterion for a right action. However, since no harm was intended and could not be foreseen, this choice does not satisfy either criteria for a wrong action.

Answer: D

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Re: Rev. Hayes says that an action is right if it benefits one or more oth   [#permalink] 04 Apr 2019, 09:06
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