It is currently 24 Jul 2017, 17:52

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 22 Sep 2007
Posts: 30

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 0

Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Feb 2008, 21:51
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (01:31) correct 28% (00:48) wrong based on 166 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Since the start of the space age, more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because the intentional discarding lens caps, packing material, fuel tanks, and payload covers.

(A) more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because
(B) orbits near Earth have become more and more littered, often from
(C) orbits near Earth became littered more and more, often resulting from
(D) there have been more and more littering of orbits near Earth, often because of
(E) there had been littering more and more of orbits near Earth, often with
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 21 Feb 2008
Posts: 26

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Feb 2008, 23:10
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 12 Feb 2008
Posts: 14

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Feb 2008, 00:10
i think it is B --> have become more and more littered rather than became littered (which is past). this is something which is still happenning.

Anybody knows whats the correct answer?

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 30 Jun 2007
Posts: 786

Kudos [?]: 168 [1] , given: 0

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Feb 2008, 01:38
1
KUDOS
Sentence has modifier issue and verb tense issue
A – more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because [Modifier issue – “Since the start of the space age” incorrectly modifies more and more, missing clause structure - eliminate it]
B – orbits near Earth have become more and more littered, often from [Present perfect tense – hold it]
C – orbits near Earth became littered more and more, often resulting from [But this is happening event – Present perfect tense is preferred – eliminate it]
D – there have been more and more littering of orbits near Earth, often because of [Modification issue – eliminate it]
E – there had been littering more and more of orbits near Earth, often with [Modification issue – eliminate it]

Kudos [?]: 168 [1] , given: 0

Manager
Joined: 05 Feb 2007
Posts: 140

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 7

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Mar 2008, 12:40
what is the OA?

hanumayamma are you basing the tense on having a modifying phrase in starting in the past and the final section of the sentence in the present?

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 7

Manager
Joined: 09 Jul 2008
Posts: 112
Location: Dallas, TX
Schools: McCombs 2011

Kudos [?]: 40 [6] , given: 1

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Feb 2009, 23:07
6
KUDOS
6
This post was
BOOKMARKED
158. Since the start of the space age, more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because the intentional discarding of lens caps, packing material, fuel tanks, and payload covers.
A. more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because
B. orbits near Earth have become more and more littered, often from
C. orbits near Earth become littered more and more, often resulting from
D. there have been more and more littering of orbits near Earth, often because of
E. there had been littering more and more of orbits near Earth, often with

Last edited by kman on 07 Feb 2009, 10:43, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 40 [6] , given: 1

Manager
Joined: 17 Dec 2008
Posts: 173

Kudos [?]: 150 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Feb 2009, 23:24
C/D/E - out
I would pick B over A. ( A just sounds off- and due to often because..)

Kudos [?]: 150 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 31 Jan 2009
Posts: 20

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Feb 2009, 02:37
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A. more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because "conj needs to follow a sentence"
B. orbits near Earth have become more and more littered, often from (holding)
C. orbits near Earth become littered more and more, often resulting from (tense wrong)
D. there have been more and more littering of orbits near Earth, often because of (there have been, awkward)
E. there had been littering more and more of orbits near Earth, often with (there had been, awkward, tense wrong)

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2008
Posts: 488
Schools: Kellogg, MIT, Michigan, Berkeley, Marshall, Mellon

Kudos [?]: 54 [0], given: 13

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Feb 2009, 02:42
kman wrote:
158. Since the start of the space age, more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because the intentional discarding of lens caps, packing material, fuel tanks, and payload covers.
A. more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because
B. orbits near Earth have become more and more littered, often from
C. orbits near Earth become littered more and more, often resulting from
D. there have been more and more littering of orbits near Earth, often because of
E. there had been littering more and more of orbits near Earth, often with

Thanks

[Edited]

Yes, agree with B

The use of since requires present perfect, so C and E out.

A and D have "littering" as subject, which makes them akward

B has orbits as subject

Cheers
_________________

http://gmatclub.com/forum/johnlewis1980-s-profile-feedback-is-more-than-welcome-80538.html

I'm not linked to GMAT questions anymore, so, if you need something, please PM me

I'm already focused on my application package

My experience in my second attempt
http://gmatclub.com/forum/p544312#p544312
My experience in my third attempt
http://gmatclub.com/forum/630-q-47-v-28-engineer-non-native-speaker-my-experience-78215.html#p588275

Last edited by JohnLewis1980 on 08 Feb 2009, 02:49, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 54 [0], given: 13

Manager
Joined: 25 Feb 2009
Posts: 57

Kudos [?]: 44 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Jan 2011, 22:34
OA is B.

A. "because" will require a clause after it --> get rid of A.
Also "because" here doesn't convey the right meaning. Using "because" means "the intentional discarding of lens caps..." led to littering. In fact, "the intentional discarding of lens caps.." is littering itself.
--> also get rid of D.

"Since the start of the space age" --> verb tense should be present perfect --> get rid of C, E
Also in C, "resulting from" cannot be used as an adverbial phrase. It needs a noun.

You can see the problem being vivisected in this thread:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/sin ... ring-t1639.

Kudos [?]: 44 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 01 Jan 2012
Posts: 6
GMAT Date: 04-30-2012

Kudos [?]: 5 [1] , given: 0

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jan 2012, 08:58
1
KUDOS
B and C has corrct modifier. orbit is being modified. C makes incorrect tense.

So B.

Kudos [?]: 5 [1] , given: 0

VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 1385
Location: United States (NY)
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
GPA: 3.75

Kudos [?]: 1535 [1] , given: 62

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2012, 05:41
1
KUDOS
A- creates run on
B-
C- usage of "since" implies continuity. Hence "have become" is required.
D & E- incorrect usage of "there"
There is used for two reasons:
i) to point to a location
II) to make an assertion

Hope that helps.
-s
_________________

Kudos [?]: 1535 [1] , given: 62

Current Student
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 1997
Concentration: Finance

Kudos [?]: 674 [0], given: 355

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Oct 2013, 07:52
kman wrote:
158. Since the start of the space age, more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because the intentional discarding of lens caps, packing material, fuel tanks, and payload covers.
A. more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because
B. orbits near Earth have become more and more littered, often from
C. orbits near Earth become littered more and more, often resulting from
D. there have been more and more littering of orbits near Earth, often because of
E. there had been littering more and more of orbits near Earth, often with

Is the OA for this one B?
Cheers
J

Kudos [?]: 674 [0], given: 355

Senior Manager
Joined: 10 Mar 2013
Posts: 276
GMAT 1: 620 Q44 V31
GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V37
GMAT 3: 610 Q47 V28
GMAT 4: 700 Q50 V34
GMAT 5: 700 Q49 V36
GMAT 6: 690 Q48 V35
GMAT 7: 750 Q49 V42
GMAT 8: 730 Q50 V39

Kudos [?]: 107 [0], given: 2405

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jan 2014, 22:25
kman wrote:
158. Since the start of the space age, more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because the intentional discarding of lens caps, packing material, fuel tanks, and payload covers.
A. more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because
B. orbits near Earth have become more and more littered, often from
C. orbits near Earth become littered more and more, often resulting from
D. there have been more and more littering of orbits near Earth, often because of
E. there had been littering more and more of orbits near Earth, often with

Please attach the OA. According to the below, it is B.
http://www.beatthegmat.com/orbits-gprep-t20218-15.html

Kudos [?]: 107 [0], given: 2405

Intern
Joined: 18 Oct 2013
Posts: 44
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Strategy
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 9

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2014, 05:04
kman wrote:
158. Since the start of the space age, more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because the intentional discarding of lens caps, packing material, fuel tanks, and payload covers.
A. more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because
B. orbits near Earth have become more and more littered, often from
C. orbits near Earth become littered more and more, often resulting from
D. there have been more and more littering of orbits near Earth, often because of
E. there had been littering more and more of orbits near Earth, often with

can anyone please explain why choice D is incorrect?

thanks!
_________________

Preparing for the next shot!!!

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 9

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2111

Kudos [?]: 8225 [1] , given: 309

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2014, 05:38
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
anujag24 wrote:
kman wrote:
158. Since the start of the space age, more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because the intentional discarding of lens caps, packing material, fuel tanks, and payload covers.
A. more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because
B. orbits near Earth have become more and more littered, often from
C. orbits near Earth become littered more and more, often resulting from
D. there have been more and more littering of orbits near Earth, often because of
E. there had been littering more and more of orbits near Earth, often with

can anyone please explain why choice D is incorrect?

thanks!

Hi anujag24,

There are two errors in option B:

1. The phrase “littering of orbits near Earth” is incorrect. “Littering” is happening in the nearby orbits of Earth, but it is certainly not of “orbits”. We can say the orbits have become littered, but “littering of orbits” doesn’t convey the same meaning.
2. Also, the non-underlined portion of the sentence doesn’t tell us about the reason of the littering. It is telling the ways (or the sources) of littering. So, “because of” is incorrectly used here. This error can be corrected by using “from”.

Hope this helps!
Deepak
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Kudos [?]: 8225 [1] , given: 309

Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 692
Location: Bangalore, India

Kudos [?]: 273 [1] , given: 11

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2014, 07:16
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
anujag24 wrote:
can anyone please explain why choice D is incorrect?

At the very least, there is a subject-verb disagreement issue in D. It should have been: there has been more and more littering of orbits near Earth....
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Kudos [?]: 273 [1] , given: 11

Intern
Joined: 18 Oct 2013
Posts: 44
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Strategy
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 9

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2014, 09:51
egmat wrote:
anujag24 wrote:
kman wrote:
158. Since the start of the space age, more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because the intentional discarding of lens caps, packing material, fuel tanks, and payload covers.
A. more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because
B. orbits near Earth have become more and more littered, often from
C. orbits near Earth become littered more and more, often resulting from
D. there have been more and more littering of orbits near Earth, often because of
E. there had been littering more and more of orbits near Earth, often with

can anyone please explain why choice D is incorrect?

thanks!

Hi anujag24,

There are two errors in option B:

1. The phrase “littering of orbits near Earth” is incorrect. “Littering” is happening in the nearby orbits of Earth, but it is certainly not of “orbits”. We can say the orbits have become littered, but “littering of orbits” doesn’t convey the same meaning.
2. Also, the non-underlined portion of the sentence doesn’t tell us about the reason of the littering. It is telling the ways (or the sources) of littering. So, “because of” is incorrectly used here. This error can be corrected by using “from”.

Hope this helps!
Deepak

hello deepak,

I understood the first point,however, the second point is still not clear to me. Can you throw some light ?

thanks Anuj!
_________________

Preparing for the next shot!!!

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 9

Current Student
Joined: 03 Feb 2013
Posts: 941
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.88
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)

Kudos [?]: 987 [4] , given: 548

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Jul 2015, 03:33
4
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Since the start of the space age, more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because the intentional discarding of lens caps, packing material, fuel tanks, and payload covers.

A. more and more littering has occurred in orbits near Earth, often because
B. orbits near Earth have become more and more littered, often from
C. orbits near Earth become littered more and more, often resulting from
D. there have been more and more littering of orbits near Earth, often because of
E. there had been littering more and more of orbits near Earth, often with

Usage of "Because"

Match was delayed because rain was pouring heavily.

So the construction of Because is :
1) Because -> Modifies a clause.
2) Because -> Takes a clause.

Difference between "Because of" and "Due to"

Delay in the match was due to heavy rain

So the construction of "Due to"
1) Due to modifies noun or noun phrase (here Delay)
2) Due to takes noun or noun phrase

Match was delayed because of heavy rain

So the construction of "Because of"
1) "Because of" modifies Clause
2) "Because of" takes noun or noun phrase

So in Option A) can be eliminated on the basis of that.

Present Perfect tense

Present perfect tense should be used when an event has occurred in the past and either the event or its effect is continuing till now.
"Since" is a dead give away that we have to use present perfect tense.

Hence option C) and option E) is eliminated

Meaning
D. there have been more and more littering of orbits near Earth, often because of

There is no littering of orbits but we have littering of different objects in the orbits.

hence D) is eliminated.

Hence Option B) is correct
_________________

Thanks,
Kinjal

My Application Experience : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267-40.html#p1516961

Kudos [?]: 987 [4] , given: 548

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10196

Kudos [?]: 240 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Aug 2016, 11:46
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 240 [0], given: 0

Re: Since the start of space age, more and more littering has occured in o   [#permalink] 29 Aug 2016, 11:46

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 31 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
More and more couples wait before trying to start a family, the 2 24 Jun 2017, 09:00
1 Since the available niches in the international system are more limite 3 30 May 2017, 01:45
1 More and more couples wait before trying to start a family 8 28 May 2017, 06:54
George Brown lost more than 180 pounds since having an 6 25 Mar 2017, 09:11
22 After more than four decades of research and development, a new type o 48 20 Jul 2017, 09:07
Display posts from previous: Sort by