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The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate

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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:01
Prethinking: There will be effect on the recreation due to increase in population , so we need a statemnet which strengthens the conclusion that increase in population
wont effect the existence of recreation areas

(A) By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas.-it talks about budget, goes away from conclusin
(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings.-it matches our prethinking and tell us dorthmpton intention is to increase citys jurisdiction, which in turn allows them to allocate new ares for recreation
(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region. -irrelevant
(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes.-out of scope
(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure. -out of scope-opposite, weakens conclusion
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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:05
A IMO

By ensuring more budget for recreations areas, it is likely than more recreations areas will be built, and population growth will not be a threat to their existence.

(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings.
Shell answer choice. Allocating new areas doesn't mean that recreation centers will actually be built.

(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region.
Shell answer choice. Stimulus talks about recreations areas in general, this option is about park area.

(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes.
Irrelevant, not related to recreation areas

(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure.
Irrelevant, not related to recreation areas
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:06
1
Quote:
The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate of 6 percent a year in the coming decade. Many of Dorthhampthon’s residents raised concerns regarding the effect of this growth on the recreation areas in the city's center, yet the Dorthhampthon mayor's office claims that such growth will not threaten the existence of any of these.

Which of the following, if true, will most strengthen the claim of the mayor's office?


This is critical reasoning question, and here the argument states that the growth of population is 6% and the population is worried about recreation in the city center, but the mayor's office claimed that this growth would not threaten these recreation areas. Let us have a look at the options and identify which one is correct:

(A) By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas. - Even though municipality increases its budget for the development of recreation ares, it does not necessarily mean that the recreation areas will be developed in the city center. Incorrect
(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings. - This option concentrates on the surroundings of the city, not on its center, thus, it is irrelevant. Incorrect
(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region. - We do not have any information about other cities in the region, and the passage concentrates primarily on Dorthhampton, thus, this statement does not impact the words of mayor's office. Incorrect
(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes. - Correct, if the lower buildings are replaced by new buildings in the center, then there will be more space to accommodate an increasing number of citizens and recreation areas will be at no risk. Correct
(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure. - This statement weakens rather than strengthens the claim of the mayor's office. In this case the recreation areas in the city center will be under risk. Incorrect
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:07
Analysis:
========
>>population growth expected --> 6% every year

Worry --> recreational areas in city centre would be affected.
Mayor said do not worry.


Prethink
=======
Any data that would be useful in countering the effect of population growth on the recreational area in city centre.

A - contender,
B - not discussing about the recreation area in city centre.
C,D - out of scope, distinct fact that is not strengthening the mayor's argument.
E - weakening

Hence, A is the answer.
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:08
1
Quote:
The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate of 6 percent a year in the coming decade. Many of Dorthhampthon’s residents raised concerns regarding the effect of this growth on the recreation areas in the city's center, yet the Dorthhampthon mayor's office claims that such growth will not threaten the existence of any of these.

Which of the following, if true, will most strengthen the claim of the mayor's office?

(A) By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas.
(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings.
(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region.
(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes.
(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure.


prem: pop growth will increase % per year for decade and such raises concerns about the effect this will have on rec areas in CENTER;
claim: pop grow wont threaten rec areas;
asum: that pop grow means more housing development and office etc… especially in city center;

e-irrelevant;
c-irrelevant;
b-this would actually weakn since rec areas in CENTER could be replaced elsewhr;
a-this would also wekn, since city could afford moving/replacing rec areas, threating the ones in the CENTER;

Answer (D): new housing projects in the CENTER will replace existing buildings, thus accomodating the pop grow w/o threating the CENTER rec areas.
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:27
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The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate of 6 percent a year in the coming decade. Many of Dorthhampthon’s residents raised concerns regarding the effect of this growth on the recreation areas in the city's center, yet the Dorthhampthon mayor's office claims that such growth will not threaten the existence of any of these.


What is the threat of growing population to the recreational area in the city's center? It could be buildings instead of parks or a growing number of cars -> need more parking slots --> goodbye recreation areas


(A) By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas. --- This sounds great, but...nothing about the city center
(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings. ---- Ok, if the municipality were in the center it would be great, but we do not know whether it is in the center or not. also, we are talking about already existing recreation areas
(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region. ---- This is out of scope
(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes.
If they are planning to replace old buildings, maybe it will be enough for the new people
(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure. --- And again, nothing about recreation areas =)

IMO D
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:33
Summary - The population of to grow at an average rate of 6 percent a year in the coming decade. concerns regarding the effect of this growth on the recreation areas in the city's center, Mayor's office claims that such growth will not threaten the existence of any of these.

Prethinking - Strengthener will be a statement along the lines that (1) the population will increase outside the city center or (2)new recreational areas will be developed.

(A) By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas. Correct, as per Prethinking (2)
(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings.will not have any impact on city's center
(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region. Already Half and further increase will worsen the situation
(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes.Will not affect recreational parks
(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure. Will have an adverse affect

IMO A
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:35
(A) By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas.
- Increased budget for development of recreation means more area for recreation

(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings.
- Not directly related to population increase

(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region.
- Weakens the argument

(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes.
- Irrelevant

(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure.
- Irrelevant
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:39
Fight is clearly between A and B


A for me.

Let's look at B

(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings

Intended not because of increase in population


A is definitely better


A it is

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:47
The stimulus states that the population of the town is expected to increase by 6% per year in the coming decade and this will have implication on the recreation areas.

We need answer that will strengthen the claim of the Mayor that such population growth will not threaten the recreation areas of the town.

Option A: this option is a little tricky in that it states there will be increase in budget to develop more recreation areas which was not the problem. The problem was land not money to develop. INCORRECT

Option B: This option addresses the issue by saying there will be more allocation of land in new areas to build parks and recreation. CORRECT

Option C: This is a little bit out of scope. INCORRECT

Option D: This also looks like out of scope. INCORRECT

Option E: This is even repeating the actual problem from the stimulus. INCORRECT

Hence answer choice B.
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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:57
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In strengthen type of questions, we need to find conclusion and then provide some other information that will strengthen it. Here, conclusion is "such growth will not threaten the existence of any of these". We need to find additional information to confirm this statement.

(A) By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas - This is a tempting answer choice. If D. municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas, then there is NO threat. But, we are forgetting important moment; we are concerned ONLY with central area, while A does not mention location. Although tricky, I eliminate A
(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings. - Same as A - we do not care for surrounding areas
(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region. - Completely out of scope. We do not care for other regions because what happened there may not happen here. Out
(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes. - yes, if incoming residents will be residing in houses that takes space vertically, and no new area is needed to build houses in central area, then new comers will NOT affect recreation areas. This is our answer
(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure. - weakens conclusion. Out

My answer is D
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 09:59
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The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate of 6 percent a year in the coming decade. Many of Dorthhampthon’s residents raised concerns regarding the effect of this growth on the recreation areas in the city's center, yet the Dorthhampthon mayor's office claims that such growth will not threaten the existence of any of these.

Let's try to get the meaning:

1. The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow
2. This grough will be at an average rate of 6 percent a year in the coming decade
3. Many of Dorthhampthon’s residents raised concerns
4. This concerns are about the effect of this growth on the recreation areas in the city's center
5. Yet, the Dorthhampthon mayor's office claims
6. That such growth will not threaten the existence of any of these


Which of the following, if true, will most strengthen the claim of the mayor's office?

(A) By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas.
increase in budget has nothing to do with citizen's worries and mayor's claim

(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings.
this statement quite interesting, but parks will be located in city's surroundings not in the centre so no strengthening effect on mayor's claim

(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region.
from this information about ratio we cannot say that this will strengthen the mayor's claim, rather it has no positive effect

(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes.
this is the most suitable answer choice, location of the replaced buildings in the city centre will help do deal with growing number of people in the recreation areas

(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure.
this statement repeats information given in the passage and doesn't convey any strengthen intention

D is the answer. :heart
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 10:01
1
IMO-D

Passage Brief-

Dorthhampthon - Population growth rate average rate of 6 percent a year in the coming decade.
Resident Concern- Growth will affect recreation areas in the City's center,
Mayor's office claims- Growth will not threaten the existence of any recreational areas.

Thought Process:
Reason for Concern---.>> Population grow- New Buildings required to accommodate- older recreational spaces converted to residential spaces --- Recreational areas decrease.

(A) By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas.----Incorrect--- budget may increase but increase in population still pose a threat to affect recreational areas. furthermore with increase budget whether municipality going to increase recreational area not sure...

(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings.---Incorrect--- Allocation of new areas in surrounding will not solve problem in city's center.

(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region.-----Incorrect--- Concern is for recreational area not parking area.

(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes.----Correct---- This is inline with prethinking. this says that existing areas will not suffer as development will happen in older complexes.

(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure. ----Incorrect--- This is against mayor's office claim. Actually weakens the argument.
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 10:01
IMO B

Conclusion - Such growth (6 percent a year) will not threaten the existence of any of these. (These being the recreation areas)

(A) By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas. - Close, but we do not know the reason for the population growth. We do not know whether the growth is only due to new citizens come to the city. The population growth can be due to the existing citizens as well, and in that case the municipality will NOT be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas? Then that could weaken the mayor’s claim

(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings. - Correct, the increased jurisdiction will make sure that the growth will not threaten the existence of recreation areas

(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region. - Similar cities are out of scope, as we do not have any other info on them

(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes. - Replacing lower buildings in older complexes does not contribute to the mayor’s claim, so out of context

(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure. - City’s infrastructure is out of scope, residents are (ironically) only concerned about the recreation areas
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 10:16
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(A) By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas.
Citizens are concerned about recreation areas in the city's center, not about all recreation areas
Development of recreation areas, in general, does not grant that recreation areas in the city's center is not the subject of concern

(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings.
tells about new recreation areas, we are concerned about the recreation area in the center

(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region.
who cares about similar cities, protect city center recreation area guys

(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes.
Good one. This gives us hope that they will modify old complexes to hold an increased number of people and leave our recreation zone alone.

(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure.
This option deepens our concern about central recreation zone, we want to strengthen major's claim that our concern is groundless

IMO
Ans: D
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 10:23
Answer A shows why the increase in population is not a threat
IMO A
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 10:51
The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate of 6 percent a year in the coming decade. Many of Dorthhampthon’s residents raised concerns regarding the effect of this growth on the recreation areas in the city's center, yet the Dorthhampthon mayor's office claims that such growth will not threaten the existence of any of these.

Which of the following, if true, will most strengthen the claim of the mayor's office?

Analysis: strengthen
Conclusion: increasing population will not threaten the existence of the recreation areas.
What can strengthen the conclusion?
case-1: if there is already more than enough recreation areas exists compare to the increasing population, then increasing population will not threaten the existence of the recreation areas ie. conclusion will be strengthen
case-2: if more new recreational areas are created, increasing population will not threaten the existence of the recreation areas ie. conclusion will be strengthen

(A) By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas. --> talking about the future development of recreation areas, but still increasing population can threaten the existence of the recreation areas
(B) Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings. --> correct: matches w/ analysis case-2
(C) Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region. --> this can weaken the conclusion
(D) The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes. --> irrelevant: this will have no impact on recreational areas
(E) Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure. --> If it does something, it may weaken the conclusion
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 10:52
Conclusion: such growth will not threaten the existence of any of these.
Assumption: That there is some factor which is taken into consideration so that the increase in population will not threaten to recreation areas.

B clearly states that new areas for park and recreational area are allotted. This strengthens the claim of the argument.
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 11:00
1
Citizen: In a decade the population will increase by 6%. We are concerned about effect of this growth on City Center recrational areas
Mayor's Office: Don't worry! None of the City Center recreational areas' existence would be threatened.

We have to Strengthen the claim made by Mayor's office.
Pre-thought
The assumption made by the citizen is that since population increases, possibly the recreational areas might be required by the City officials to accommodate these new people.
And Mayor's office says that you don't need to worry about this assumption.

A. This option is concerned about the BUDGET of DEVELOPMENT of recreational areas. Three point straight away jumps out - 1) Are these recreational areas the city center ones? 2) The development of recreational areas does not in any way reflect to the concern of existence of the city center recreational areas 3) Even if it were the development of existing ones, we do not know whether the collection of budget would definetely lead to the improvement/development. ELIMINATE

B. Same as option A. Point made by Mayor's office is to PROTECT or DO NOT disturb the existing ones. So opening new ones is out of scope.

C. If now, the ratio of recreational areas are half then the ratio might further decrease with increase of population. If that happens then also the city center recreational park's could exist. So basically 2 scenarios jump out of option C -> 1) The parks are same and people increased OR 2) The parks are occupied for the accomodation. So in both option there is a possibility to question the Mayor's office. It gives a slight negative effect to the Mayor's office's claim. ELIMINATE

D. CORRECT. So in coming time the new housing projects ( accomodation of new people) will be done by replacing lower buildings in OLDER COMPLEXES ( some other place than recreational parks) -> Solid Strengthener -> CORRECT CHOICE

E. This option gives me a slight negative belief. So if it's a solid challenge to infrastructure, then the recreational areas could be a target. So it gives a slight negative belief. Definetely not a strengthener. ELIMINATE

Answer -> D.

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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2019, 11:07
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Stimulus: Residents are worried that population increase may threaten the recreation areas in the city's center. Mayor’s office claims that it is not.

What we need to strengthen is the claim of mayor’s office.

Claim: such growth will not threaten the existence of any of these (recreation areas in the city's center).

We need a piece of information that will support this claim.

A. By attracting more new citizens, Dorthhampthon's municipality will be able to increase its budget for the development of recreation areas.
This answer choice doesn’t clarify what will happen with the recreation areas in the center. We are not sure whether increased budget will be spent on the recreation areas in the center. It can very well be spent on moving this area to the suburbs.

B. Dorthhampthon's municipality intends to increase the city's jurisdiction, allocating new areas for parks and recreation in its surroundings.

Since this answer choice talks about suburbs, but not the center, it is irrelevant.

C. Dorthhampthon's ratio of park area per resident is about half that of similar cities in the region.
We don’t know whether this ratio will be maintained or improved or worsened because of population increase.

D. The new housing projects in central Dorthhampthon are planned to replace lower buildings in older complexes.
If new housing projects don’t require additional land area, but replace old buildings, then there is no threat for the recreation area in the center. Hence D strengthens the claim and explains what the mayor’s office meant.

E. Annual population increase of 6 percent a year poses a significant challenge to the city's infrastructure.
The claim is weakened to some extent now.

Hence D
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Re: The population of Dorthhampthon is expected to grow at an average rate   [#permalink] 17 Jul 2019, 11:07

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