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# Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa

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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa  [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2016, 22:50
Thanks chetan2u
I got your point. Yes, you are right that we can't completely disown CHILDREN from our answer.
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2016, 01:54
1
I'm still confused
Assuming that adults DO contract influenza from children who have influenza, the new vaccine still will not have a significant public health benefit since according to premise, adults are commonly vaccinated already?
am i missing or wrongly assuming something?
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2017, 23:15
Conclusion :- "no significant public health benefit would result from widespread vaccination of children using the nasal spray".

The conclusion of the argument is that there is no significant health benefit from administering the nasal vaccine to kids. The evidence offered is that kids are not at risk from serious complications. The argument is assuming that this is the only problem that could be addressed by the vaccine. D presents another problem: adults, who suffer from serious complications from influenza, primarily get it from kids.

D. Adults do not contract influenza primarily from children who have influenza.
Negating D :- Adults do contract influenza primarily from children who have influenza.{So, if adults are getting contracted influenza via children then widespread vaccination of children using the nasal spray will bring significant benefit to public health, hence shattering the conslusion.}

E. The nasal spray vaccine is not effective when administered to adults.
Negating E :- The nasal spray vaccine is effective when administered to adults.{It doesn't get related to conslusion from any where}.

Option D is correct.
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa  [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2017, 22:45
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa  [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2017, 02:44
Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been available. Parents are reluctant to subject children to the pain of injections, but adults, who are at risk of serious complications from influenza, are commonly vaccinated. A new influenza vaccine, administered painlessly in a nasal spray, is effective for children. However, since children seldom develop serious complications from influenza, no significant public health benefit would result from widespread vaccination of children using the nasal spray.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Any person who has received the injectable vaccine can safely receive the nasal-spray vaccine as well.
This is a strengthener. Good to know. But it does not directly attack the conclusion, which is regarding the SIGNIFICANT HEALTH BENEFITS. As its not a necessary condition for the argument to hold, therefore, its not an assumption.

D. Adults do not contract influenza primarily from children who have influenza.
I picked D as the correct answer.
On negating this option statement, the argument breaks.

Can someone elaborate more on the option A statement?

abhimahna, can you please review my explanation for option A? You can even add more on to that, if I am missing something for option A.
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa  [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2017, 03:30
aceGMAT21 wrote:
Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been available. Parents are reluctant to subject children to the pain of injections, but adults, who are at risk of serious complications from influenza, are commonly vaccinated. A new influenza vaccine, administered painlessly in a nasal spray, is effective for children. However, since children seldom develop serious complications from influenza, no significant public health benefit would result from widespread vaccination of children using the nasal spray.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Any person who has received the injectable vaccine can safely receive the nasal-spray vaccine as well.
This is a strengthener. Good to know. But it does not directly attack the conclusion, which is regarding the SIGNIFICANT HEALTH BENEFITS. As its not a necessary condition for the argument to hold, therefore, its not an assumption.

D. Adults do not contract influenza primarily from children who have influenza.
I picked D as the correct answer.
On negating this option statement, the argument breaks.

Can someone elaborate more on the option A statement?

abhimahna, can you please review my explanation for option A? You can even add more on to that, if I am missing something for option A.

Hi aceGMAT21 ,

Here is the catch:

A is actually not a strengthener.

Conclusion is "no significant public health benefit would result from widespread vaccination of children using the nasal spray."

In short, even if you give them nasal spray, you won't have any benefit.

A is saying "Any person who has received the injectable vaccine can safely receive the nasal-spray vaccine as well.". What relation does it have with health benefits? Are we saying they will get health benefits from one or the other? No, right? Hence, your reasoning for A is incorrect.

Does that make sense?
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa &nbs [#permalink] 27 Oct 2017, 03:30

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