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Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa

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Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been available. Parents are reluctant to subject children to the pain of injections, but adults, who are at risk of serious complications from influenza, are commonly vaccinated. A new influenza vaccine, administered painlessly in a nasal spray, is effective for children. However, since children seldom develop serious complications from influenza, no significant public health benefit would result from widespread vaccination of children using the nasal spray.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Any person who has received the injectable vaccine can safely receive the nasal spray vaccine as well.
B. The new vaccine uses the same mechanism to ward off influenza as injectable vaccines do.
C. The injectable vaccine is affordable for all adults.
D. Adults do not contract influenza primarily from children who have influenza.
E. The nasal spray vaccine is mot effective when administered to adults.
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New post 01 Sep 2007, 09:27
I think it's D.

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New post 01 Sep 2007, 11:06
is it B?

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New post 01 Sep 2007, 18:06
Oh well... OA is D. I don't know why this question puzzles me, although it looks like just a typical - average CR.

Perhaps I was in a rush in this question, and then got the wrong answer, then don't want to think back about it... :roll:

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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2007, 22:06
solidcolor wrote:
Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been available. Parents are reluctant to subject children to the pain of injections, but adults, who are at risk of serious complications from influenza, are commonly vaccinated. A new influenza vaccine, administered painlessly in a nasal spray, is effective for children. However, since children seldom develop serious complications from influenza, no significant public health benefit would result from widespread vaccination of children using the nasal spray.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Any person who has received the injectable vaccine can safely receive the nasal spray vaccine as well.
B. The new vaccine uses the same mechanism to ward off influenza as injectable vaccines do.
C. The injectable vaccine is affordable for all adults.
D. Adults do not contract influenza primarily from children who have influenza.
E. The nasal spray vaccine is mot effective when administered to adults.


Here we have to look at the last sentence where it states that because children do not have serious complications from influenze, then there is no benefit for them to be protected...Unless children give their parents the disease, then having them immune from it might be of benefit to everyone.

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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2007, 13:59
When there is an assumption question, focus closely on the conclusion.
It basically says that Because children seldom have complications, we should not consider the widespread use of nasal spray.

This stimulus assumes that no other factors other than complications influence the consideration for widespread use of nasal spray.

Choice d assumes this. If we negate the assumption the argument falls apart.

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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2011, 00:59
OA is E, not D.

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IMO E uses extreme language "Most"
hence ans D

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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2011, 03:25
stelladimattina wrote:
OA is E, not D.


E is clearly out of scope. D is the right answer.
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2011, 03:34
stelladimattina wrote:
OA is E, not D.


While I can clearly see that D should be the answer AND E can't be the answer as it is out of scope, I'm curious to know how do you know that the OA is E. What is the source and the OE?
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2011, 08:27
+1 E
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2011, 09:32
kotela wrote:
+1 E


Can you please explain why E?
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2011, 23:28
The OA is D.

E is the right answer for another question which starts with almost the same wording "Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been available. They have been used primarily by older adults...."

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New post 11 Nov 2011, 23:36
Can anyone clearly explain how you they got D?

Because i see D no way related and i think E is the right answer, plz correct me if i am wrong
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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New post 11 Nov 2011, 23:40
defenestrate posted on Sun Sep 02, 2007 2:06 pm the following explanation which I think is pretty good.

"Here we have to look at the last sentence where it states that because children do not have serious complications from influenze, then there is no benefit for them to be protected...Unless children give their parents the disease, then having them immune from it might be of benefit to everyone."

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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2011, 00:36
The answer must be clear D.
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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fluke wrote:
stelladimattina wrote:
OA is E, not D.


While I can clearly see that D should be the answer AND E can't be the answer as it is out of scope, I'm curious to know how do you know that the OA is E. What is the source and the OE?


I also chose D, because. If children was influen... contact with adult, adult will be infected. So, they will buy the new medicine for children to protect themselves (adult). Weaken. D is correct assumption.

Hi everyone, if you seek the OA on the offical source, the right thing should do first is to read the questions and the order of answer choice before post on forum :D.
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New post 15 Nov 2011, 00:16
Thanks guys for the explanation now i will go with D
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Re: Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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Conclusion: no significant public health benefit would result from widespread vaccination of children using the nasal spray.

Reasoning: A correct answer choice for assumption is a defender or supporter. If it's a supporter, conclusion + "only if" + answer choice makes sense. Also, the conclusion is necessarily committed to one of the answer choices below. Why would there be no significant public health benefit should children be administered the nasal spray?

A. Any person who has received the injectable vaccine can safely receive the nasal spray vaccine as well. Wrong - This is indeed an assumption, but not one that the conclusion is committed to.

B. The new vaccine uses the same mechanism to ward off influenza as injectable vaccines do. Wrong - shell game. New mechanisms or not, this is not what the conclusion is committed to.

C. The injectable vaccine is affordable for all adults. Wrong - The conclusion is not committed to this assumption.

D. Adults do not contract influenza primarily from children who have influenza. Correct - The conclusion is committed to this assumption because both adults and children are actors, and it follows the premise + conclusion.

E. The nasal spray vaccine is mot effective when administered to adults. Wrong - Out of scope.

IMO D

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Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa [#permalink]

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Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been available. Parents are reluctant to subject children to the pain of injections, but adults, who are at risk of serious complications from influenza, are commonly vaccinated. A new influenza vaccine, administered painlessly in a nasal spray, is effective for children. However, since children seldom develop serious complications from influenza, no significant public health benefit would result from widespread vaccination of children using the nasal spray.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

A. Any person who has received the injectable vaccine can safely receive the nasal-spray vaccine as well.

B. The new vaccine uses the same mechanism to ward off influenza as jnjectable vaccines do.

C. The injectable vaccine is affordable for all adults.

D. Adults do not contract influenza primarily from children who have influenza.

E. The nasal spray vaccine is mot effective when administered to adults.

Last edited by carcass on 06 Oct 2014, 17:13, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the title of the question

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Until now, only injectable vaccines against influenza have been availa   [#permalink] 06 Oct 2014, 13:28

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