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# V12-03

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Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2870
Location: Germany
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GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)

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24 Jul 2016, 07:29
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

38% (00:50) correct 62% (01:30) wrong based on 60 sessions

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Recently the museums in Cremia were in news when one of the most visited and flourishing museums of Cremia was found to be using fake paintings of renowned artists. It was found in an investigation later that many of the museums resort to displaying fake paintings in order to generate revenues. The investigating officer concluded that this could stop if the public did not visit such museums.

What is the assumption that the officer makes for the conclusion to be true?

A. Museums resort to such tactics to generate revenues.
B. The Administration does not have any mechanism to stop museums from displaying such fake paintings.
C. The people visiting these museums can find whether a museum displays fake paintings or not.
D. Not all museums resort to displaying fake paintings to generate revenue.
E. The museums will keep indulging in these malpractices if people do not stop visiting them.
Retired Moderator
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24 Jul 2016, 07:29
Official Solution:

Recently the museums in Cremia were in news when one of the most visited and flourishing museums of Cremia was found to be using fake paintings of renowned artists. It was found in an investigation later that many of the museums resort to displaying fake paintings in order to generate revenues. The investigating officer concluded that this could stop if the public did not visit such museums.

What is the assumption that the officer makes for the conclusion to be true?

A. Museums resort to such tactics to generate revenues.
B. The Administration does not have any mechanism to stop museums from displaying such fake paintings.
C. The people visiting these museums can find whether a museum displays fake paintings or not.
D. Not all museums resort to displaying fake paintings to generate revenue.
E. The museums will keep indulging in these malpractices if people do not stop visiting them.

A. This option just restates a fact already stated in the passage.

B. This statement may strengthen the argument, but is not a necessary assumption.

C. Correct. If the visitors could not distinguish fake paintings then the officer's conclusion would be wrong.

D. It does not matter how many museums resort to such practice. The argument is about how to stop such practice in those museums who resort to such practice.

E. This option is just a restatement of the conclusion, not an underlying assumption.

Manager
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19 Aug 2016, 11:24
I think this is a high-quality question and I agree with explanation.
Intern
Joined: 14 Jul 2016
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03 Sep 2016, 05:15
I think this is a high-quality question and I agree with explanation.
Intern
Joined: 04 Feb 2016
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11 Sep 2016, 01:17
Still not clear...
Retired Moderator
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11 Sep 2016, 08:51
manishagrawal123 wrote:
Still not clear...

Please specify which part is not clear so that we may discuss on that.
Intern
Joined: 04 Feb 2016
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11 Sep 2016, 08:55
Hey, I am just not able to link hiw people will be able to identify duplicate. Because if they will be able to do that then it wouldn't have been an incident

Posted from my mobile device
Intern
Joined: 23 Mar 2016
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22 Sep 2016, 07:14
queries....
The people visiting these museums can find whether a museum displays fake paintings or not.
if people can find whether the painting is fake ,so why is the author recommending people to stop going to museums??
he should have encouraged them?
this is little odd and a poor quality question
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22 Sep 2016, 08:14
manishagrawal123 wrote:
Hey, I am just not able to link hiw people will be able to identify duplicate. Because if they will be able to do that then it wouldn't have been an incident

Posted from my mobile device

Karanagrawal wrote:
queries....
The people visiting these museums can find whether a museum displays fake paintings or not.
if people can find whether the painting is fake ,so why is the author recommending people to stop going to museums??
he should have encouraged them?
this is little odd and a poor quality question

Could you clarify what your query is. From your post it is not clear where your doubt is. The structure here is quite straightforward.

Conclusion: If public stops visiting museums that display fake paintings, then the practice of displaying fake painitng would stop.

Assumption: Public can identify fake paintings. (Negation test: If they could not identify, they would not stop visiting these museums and the practice of displaying fake paintings would not stop.)

Karanagrawal P.S. Author is not recommending, encouraging or forbidding people to go or not to those museums. He is concluding something based on an assumption.
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Joined: 25 Jul 2016
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12 Oct 2016, 06:42
The answer is not clear. Where does it say on the argument that the visitors would stop visiting the museum if the visitors know that there are fake displays... Isn't that an assumption already? For instance, you may still want to go to the museum to see a fake /replica painting.
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13 Oct 2016, 10:27
danimombs wrote:
The answer is not clear. Where does it say on the argument that the visitors would stop visiting the museum if the visitors know that there are fake displays... Isn't that an assumption already? For instance, you may still want to go to the museum to see a fake /replica painting.

An assumption is an unsaid link between a premise and conclusion. There may be more than one assumption to join this link. Any of them could be right option for an assumption type question. In this case:

The people visiting these museums can find whether a museum displays fake paintings or not AND the visitors would stop visiting the museum if the visitors know that there are fake displays both must be true to complete the argument; therefore both could be correct answers. Existence of multiple assumptions does not make any of them invalid.
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21 Oct 2016, 01:00
i think the answer should be read as 'public can not identify fake painting' because if they could identify then the fake painting could be identify earlier
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22 Oct 2016, 12:54
mafuz wrote:
i think the answer should be read as 'public can not identify fake painting' because if they could identify then the fake painting could be identify earlier

The conclusion of the officer is: IF the public did not visit such museums, the practice of showing fake displays would stop.

When the public visit the museums and can identify the fake displays, then they would stop visiting. If they cannot recognize at all, then they would continue to visit. We are here discussing about the assumption of the officer, not that of the writer of the passage - think what the officer had assumed when he made the conclusion.
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22 Oct 2016, 13:42
Completely agree with the OE , there is no reason to doubt the quality of question.

A bit of pre thinking process can help one arrive the correct answer within seconds.. The only close option is (B), which sayantanc2k has clarified in this post Here

Thus in option (B) , it is highly possible that administration has all the necessary mechanism to control such unethical practices , however it might be such that only through public support can such unethical practices be completely contained... Now for that to be effective people must be aware of the difference between Fake and Original Paintings ( Which is option C )..

Further the assumption negation technique has been wonderfully explained in this post Negation

Hence there is no issue with the question in my opinion... Without knowledge of the diff between original and fake painting the conclusion cannot be arrived..

mafuz wrote:
i think the answer should be read as 'public can not identify fake painting' because if they could identify then the fake painting could be identify earlier

People = Plural noun meaning many individuals,
The public = singular noun of people ( the specific group of Museum's visitors )

Hence IMHO no issues with that as well...
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23 Sep 2017, 01:32
Hi,

I still do not understand the explanation for C. Here is why I thought C is incorrect.

Conclusion: If public stops visiting museums that display fake paintings, then the practice of displaying fake paintings would stop.

How does being able to identify if the paintings are fake or not translate to people visiting the museum?
Simply knowing that the paintings are fake could deter people from visiting museums or more people could visit these museums just to try and figure out if these paintings are fake or not

We need to find an assumption that connects people stopping from visiting museums and museums stopping from displaying fake paintings.
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07 Jan 2019, 22:36
I think this is a poor-quality question and the explanation isn't clear enough, please elaborate. If the visitors could not distinguish fake paintings then the officer's conclusion would be wrong. How could the officer's conclusion be wrong? I believe the additional premise that visiters will not go to museums that show fake paintings is needed.
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25 Jan 2019, 02:59
Hello,
It is already mentioned in the passage that one such incident has happened in one of the museums in the country which was most visited. Hence what can we infer from this premise? I guess people were actually assuming it the paintings to be true that is why it was most visited. Hence for me option C was actually opposite to one of the inferences.
I marked option A as a the right choice since the police officer concluded that these practices were done for soul basis of increasing revenue and main source of revenue for museums is the visiting fee from the people. If people will not go there- there wont be increase in revenue -hence the practice will stop.

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25 Jan 2019, 04:57
shantanushantanu wrote:
Hello,
It is already mentioned in the passage that one such incident has happened in one of the museums in the country which was most visited. Hence what can we infer from this premise? I guess people were actually assuming it the paintings to be true that is why it was most visited. Hence for me option C was actually opposite to one of the inferences.
I marked option A as a the right choice since the police officer concluded that these practices were done for soul basis of increasing revenue and main source of revenue for museums is the visiting fee from the people. If people will not go there- there wont be increase in revenue -hence the practice will stop.

Recently the museums in Cremia were in news when one of the most visited and flourishing museums of Cremia was found to be using fake paintings of renowned artists. It was found in an investigation later that many of the museums resort to displaying fake paintings in order to generate revenues. The investigating officer concluded that this could stop if the public did not visit such museums.

A. Museums resort to such tactics to generate revenues.
Isn't this just the restatement of the argument, which says the same thing that they apply such tactics.

C. The people visiting these museums can find whether a museum displays fake paintings or not.
Now if i had to select this as an assumption, I will negate this and see if this weakens the conclusion or not

Negation -> The people visiting these museums cannot find whether a museum displays fake paintings or not.
This automatically weakens the stance of the author that even if people who visited those museums which displayed fakes, they are unable to differentiate.

Author's claim becomes irrelevant.

Do let me know if this helps or not.
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Re: V12-03   [#permalink] 25 Jan 2019, 04:57
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# V12-03

Moderators: chetan2u, Bunuel